What is Bai Fu Zi?
Bai Fu Zi
, traditional Chinese medicine of Dictyostelium
, family Tennantaceae. The dried tuber of Typhonium giganteum. It is harvested in autumn, the fibrous roots and outer skin are removed and dried in the sun. It is found wild in Hebei, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Sichuan, Guizhou, and Tibet in China. It is cultivated in the northeastern provinces, of Shandong, Jiangsu, Henan, and Hubei. It has the effects of dispelling wind and phlegm, fixing convulsions, detoxifying and dispersing knots, and relieving pain. It is used for strokes with phlegm congestion, distortion of the mouth and eyes, speech and speech, epilepsy, tetanus, phlegm headache, migraine headache, scrofula and phlegm nucleus, and poisonous snake bite.
Growth environment of Bai Fu Zi
Bai Fu Zi is born in shady and wet forests, mountain streams, ditches, and crop fields. It is found wild in Hebei, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Sichuan, Guizhou, and Tibet. It is cultivated in the northeastern provinces, of Shandong, Jiangsu, Henan, and Hubei.
Cultivation Techniques of Bai Fu Zi
Bai Fu Zi
is a common Chinese herb
, in the cultivation of Chinese herbs
, become a variety of people's fields to increase output, and planting Bai Fu Zi to obtain high yield and high efficiency, then must pay attention to planting techniques, good scientific management, strengthen the control of pests and diseases.
Zhi Bai Fu Zi
Bai Fu Zi likes shady, moist, loose sandy loam soil. Cultivation of planting, according to local conditions. The hilly dry thin area to implement deep plowing, deep tillage, deep tillage soil layer, promote soil maturation, improve soil fertility, permeability ,and water retention, facilitate the root system down, enhance the ability to resist drought and waterlogging, can make the white seeds significant yield increase. In addition, deep plowing has the effect of reducing pests and diseases. Deep plowing should take machine plowing, machine plowing than animal plowing live soil layer can be deepened 15 ~ 20 cm, thus improving the soil structure, so that the soil capacity is reduced, increased porosity, expanded the scope of water storage, enhanced water penetration strength, conducive to the development of the root system and growth and development of white saprophytic, thus increasing the plant's ability to resist drought. Deep plowing promotes the microbial activity of the soil in the tillage layer, so that the insoluble organic and mineral nutrients in the soil layer can be released, which improves the content of quick-acting nutrients in the soil, and expands the nutrient absorption range of the root system of white sorrel so that the root volume increases with the depth of plowing. The earlier the deep plowing, the better, for the late autumn and early winter, so that part of the raw soil freezes and thawing maturation, so that the soil layer of the FA weathering and natural sink solid, but also accumulates winter and spring rain and snow, to alleviate the spring drought, at the same time, can turn most of the overwintering insect eggs to the surface of the soil layer, freeze them to death, to reduce their damage. Manual deep plowing deep planing should pay attention to keeping the cooked soil on the top, and raw soil at the bottom, so as not to disrupt the soil layer. IToimprove the yield increase effect of deep plowing in the year, it is best to combine with additional organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer.
Many years of practice have proved that to obtain high and stable yields in hilly drylands, we must work hard on land preparation, and the standard of land preparation requires two levels above and below ground. The above-ground level is to reduce the runoff after the rain, prevent soil erosion, and facilitate drainage, so according to the water source and drainage direction, maintain a certain proportion of slope drop; the underground level is required to maintain a certain thickness of the soil layer, not a thick, a thin, or a deep side, shallow side. General soil depth requirements to maintain more than 50 cm. In attention to the two flats at the same time, but also to master the principle of raw soil in the lower, cooked soil in the upper, not messy soil layer. To do fine tillage and harrowing, crushed soil to retain moisture. To promote soil maturation, combined with winter and spring plowing, organic fertilizer, heavy application of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, especially phosphorus fertilizer to strengthen the roots and promote growth, enhance the ability to resist drought, the white seedlings have an important role in increasing yields.
The hilly dry thin land, shallow soil, poor texture, poor structure, and low fertility. To improve the soil, and improve ground strength, fertilization should be mainly farm fertilizer, chemical fertilizer as a supplement, the general application of high-quality soil fertilizer 2500 ~ 4500 kg per mu, standard nitrogen fertilizer 30 ~ 40 kg, calcium superphosphate 40 ~ 50 kg, potassium sulfate 10 ~ 15 kg or grass ash 100 ~ 150 kg. Fertilizer should be based on the base fertilizer, buried deep to cover the bottom, to improve the utilization of fertilizer nutrients.
Reasonably dense planting
Due to the shallow soil layer and low fertility of the hilly drylands, individual plant growth is somewhat restricted, the plants are short and occupy little space, so the group density should be increased appropriately to give full play to the group yield potential, and the general plant spacing is 12 cm x 20 cm, requiring the number of plants to reach about 28,000 mu.
To sow at the right time and ensure that the whole seedling, can be due to the place and time, take the drought sowing technology.
Sowing with moisture
In the sowing season range, the bottom moisture is good, the surface moisture is poor, such as in the case of timely rain, can take advantage of the rain after the surface moisture is good, the relative humidity of the air and evaporation of small favorable timing, surprise moisture sowing, to ensure the whole seedling.
In the sowing before the soil bottom moisture is sufficient, poor surface moisture, and no timely rainfall, can be sown in the afternoon of one day before the sowing, with a stone roller to the surface all suppression once, so that the lower layer of soil moisture with the role of capillary upward transport, improve the water content of the surface soil, the next day can be sown.
In case of drought before sowing, when the soil has no moisture, to make good moisture with limited water, you can open a ditch and irrigate according to the requirements of the planned planting of monopoly (row) distance, immediately after irrigation, mulch and stifle moisture for 2 to 3 days, and when the moisture condition of the sowing layer is suitable, then open a ditch and sow according to the monopoly row. This kind of boring moisture method can not only save water but also make the sowing layer close to the natural moisture, the seedling preservation effect is good.
Mowing and weeding
Dryland weeding should be diligent, shallow hoeing because the dry mid-tillage can cut off soil capillaries, prevent soil moisture evaporation, moisture preservation and drought prevention, promote root system down, and timely mid-tillage can effectively eliminate weeds, reduce the weeds and white attached to compete for water and fertilizer, can significantly improve the yield. Generally, 1 weeding can be done at the same time as interplanting, mostly by pulling. When setting seedlings, 1 time of mid-tillage is carried out. In summer and autumn, depending on the growth of weeds, 1 time each. In the first year, a shallow hol of 6 cm is appropriate, and in the second year, 3 to 4 times. When the plant is about 30 cm high, cultivate the soil to prevent excessive water evaporation due to high temperature on the ground in summer, and cultivate the soil around the plant so the basal leaves are erected.
Types of Bai Fu Zi
|Raw Bai Fu Zi||It is made by direct slicing and drying of the fresh sapodilla.
|Steamed Bai Fu Zi||The raw slices are directly steamed and dried.
|Stir-fried Bai Fu Zi||Made from raw slices of sapodilla, concocted by high-temperature sand blanching.
|Black Bai Fu Zi||It is made from raw slices of saprophyllum, which is concocted by high-temperature sand blanching.
|White Bai Fu Zi||After soaking damba, boiling, hand slicing, and peeling the outer skin, cutting thick slices longitudinally, releasing the bile, steaming, and drying.
|Cooked Bai Fu Zi||After soaking damba, boiling, hand slicing and peeling the outer skin, cross-cutting thick slices, bailing, steaming, and drying.
|Concocted Bai Fu Zi||The attached piece is made by sand blanching.
|Salt Bai Fu Zi||After soaking in bile bar and salt, soaking in sun water, and then soaking again, repeated many times until salt crystals appear on the cross-section, it is a traditional product for kidney tonic.
|Light Bai Fu Zi||Salt sapodilla is rinsed with clear water to clean the salt bile, boiled with licorice and black beans with water through the heart, sliced thinly, and dried.
|Sliced Bai Fu Zi||After soaking damba, boiling, cutting thin slices, cutting thick slices longitudinally, releasing bile, steaming and drying.
|Yellow Bai Fu Zi||After soaking choloba, boiling, peeling by hand with a bamboo knife, cutting thick slices crosswise, soaking in juice taken from saffron and gardenia, etc., and drying.
|Chuan Wu||The root of the buttercup plant is the Ocimum sanctum. Generally harvested every year about late June, remove the above-ground stems and leaves, mud, and sand, and the root will be separated. The root is dried and called Chuan Wu.
Processing methods of Bai Fu Zi
Collection and processing
Bai Fu Zi is harvested in autumn, the fibrous roots and outer skin are removed and dried in the sun.
Raw Bai Fu Zi: remove impurities.
Zhi Bai Fu Zi: Take the net white sapodilla, separate the size of a, soak, change water 2 to 3 times a day, a few days later, such as the sticky froth, change the water and add alum (per 100kg white sapodilla, with alum 2kg), soak 1 day after the water change, to the mouth tasted slightly numb tongue feeling as degree, remove. Put the ginger, and alum powder in a pot with the right amount of water, boil, pour in the white sapodilla together until no white heart, fish out, remove the ginger slices, dry to six or seven thousand, cut thick slices, dry. (For every 100kg of white sapodilla, use 12.5kg of ginger and alum each.)
Medicinal properties of Bai Fu Zi
The medicinal part of Bai Fu Zi is the dried tuber of the plant.
Bai Fu Zi Benefits
Bai Fu Zi can be used to dispel wind and phlegm, fix convulsions, detoxify and disperse knots, and relieve pain. It is used for stroke and phlegm congestion, slanting of the mouth and eyes, speech and language, shock and epilepsy, tetanus, phlegm headache, migraine headache, scrofula and phlegm nucleus, and poisonous snake bite.
Bai Fu Zi side effects
a. The adult poisoning amount of Bai Fu Zi is 15-30g per day, and the lethal amount is 45g, and the incubation period is about 0.5-3 hours.
b. If this product is mistakenly taken or overdosed, it may cause numbness and spiciness in the mouth and tongue, burning and obstruction in the throat, stiff tongue, unclear language, followed by numbness in the limbs, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, salivation, pallor, dullness, swelling of the lips and tongue, redness and swelling of the oral mucosa and pharynx, which may lead to death in serious cases.
c. There is no significant difference in toxicity of Bai Fu Zi before and after the concoction with ginger and alum water. After decoction, the spicy feeling disappears or decreases, but the toxicity does not decrease. Clinical application of this product has been reported to poisoning and even poisoning death.
d. Blood deficiency and wind, internal heat and fright, and pregnant women are prohibited to take. Raw products are generally not for internal use.
e. Strictly control the dose, according to the condition and individual dosage, generally not more than 3 grams, prohibiting the application of overdose.
f. If adverse reactions occur after taking this product, it is appropriate to immediately stop the drug and give symptomatic treatment to prevent the patient from dying due to poisoning.
g. If you need to use this product for a long time, you should do so under the guidance of a doctor to ensure the safety of the drug.
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