What is Ban Xia?
, which ia also called Pinellia
, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. It is the dry tuber of Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit
, a plant of the family Araceae. Excavated in summer and autumn, washed, removed the skin and fibrous roots, and dried in the sun. It is distributed in Northeast China, North China and the Yangtze River Basin. It has the effects of drying dampness and resolving phlegm, lowering adverse flow and relieving vomiting, eliminating mass and resolving mass. For wet phlegm and cold phlegm, cough and dyspnea with excessive phlegm, dizziness and palpitation due to phlegm retention, wind-phlegm dizziness, syncope due to phlegm, headache, vomiting and regurgitation, fullness in the chest cavity, plume nucleus qi; external treatment of carbuncle and swollen phlegm nucleus.
Pinellia is pungent and warm in nature and flavor; poisonous. Return spleen, stomach, lung meridian. Ban Xia pungent powder is warm and dry, poisonous but strong, enters the spleen, stomach, and lung meridians, and is good at dispelling spleen and stomach phlegm dampness. Oral administration can dry dampness and resolve phlegm, relieve nausea, relieve nausea,It is an essential medicine for treating phlegm-dampness, cold phlegm, and vomiting. It can be used for all diseases caused by phlegm-dampness. External use can attack poison, dissipate stagnation and reduce swelling, and can cure goiter, phlegm nucleus and carbuncle.
Types of Ban Xia
Raw Ban Xia
This product is spherical, some are slightly skewed, and the diameter is 1-1.5cm. The surface is white or light yellow, with sunken stem scars on the top, densely dotted root scars around; the lower part is blunt and smooth. The quality is solid, the section is white, and the powder is rich. The gas is weak, the taste is pungent, numb the tongue and prick the throat.
Fa Ban Xia
This product is spherical or broken into irregular granules. The surface is light yellowish white, yellow or brownish yellow. The quality is relatively crisp or hard and brittle, the cross-section is yellow or light yellow, and the grains are slightly hard and brittle. Slight gas, light and slightly sweet taste, slightly numb tongue feeling.
Jiang Ban Xia
This product is in the form of flakes, irregular granules and spherical shapes. Surface brown to tan. The texture is hard and brittle, the cross-section is light yellowish brown, often with horny luster. Slightly fragrant gas, light taste, slightly numb tongue feeling, slightly sticky to the teeth when chewed.
Qing Ban Xia
This product is in oval, sub-circular or irregular slices. The cut surface is light gray to off-white, with off-white dot-like or short-line-like vascular bundle traces, and some lavender spots appear below the residual cork. Brittle and easy to break, the section is slightly horny. Slight gas, slightly astringent taste, slightly numb tongue feeling.
Growth environment of Ban Xia
Ban Xia is distributed all over the country except Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai, and Tibet, where it has not been found in the wild. It is widely distributed in the Yangtze River Basin, Northeast China, and North China. It grows below 2,500 meters above sea level. Ban Xia can also be found in North Korea and Japan.
Ban Xia is commonly found on grass slopes, wasteland, cornfields, field edges or under sparse forests, it is one of the weeds in dry land.
Processing methods of Ban Xia
Collection and processing
Excavated in summer and autumn, washed, removed the skin and fibrous roots, and dried in the sun.
Raw Ban Xia
Crushed when used.
Zhi Ban Xia
Fa Ban Xia
Take Ban Xia, separate it by size, soak it in water until there is no dry core, take it out; take another appropriate amount of licorice, add water to decoct twice, combine the decoction, pour it into the lime solution made with an appropriate amount of water, stir Mix well, add the soaked Ban Xia, soak, stir 1-2 times a day, and keep the pH value of the soaking liquid above 12, until the cross-section is uniformly yellow, and when there is a slight numb tongue feeling in the mouth, take it out, wash it, dry it in the shade or Dried, that is. For every 100kg of net Ban Xia, 15kg of licorice and 10kg of quicklime are used.
Jiang Ban Xia
Take clean Ban Xia, separate it by size, soak it in water until there is no dry core, take it out; take another sliced ginger and decoct it, add alum and Ban Xia, cook it thoroughly, take it out, dry it in the air, or dry it until it is half dry, and dry it; or cut into thin slices and dried. For every 100kg of net Ban Xia, 25kg of ginger and 12.5kg of alum are used.
Qing Ban Xia
Take clean Ban Xia, separate it into big and small, soak it in 8% alum solution until there is no dry core inside, and the tongue feels slightly numb in the mouth, take it out, wash, cut into thick slices, and dry. For every 100kg of net Ban Xia, 20kg of alum is used.
Ban Xia TCM
Dried tubers of plants.
Spicy in the mouth, warm in nature.
Return spleen, stomach, lung meridian.
Drying dampness and resolving phlegm, reducing adverse reactions and relieving vomiting, dispelling lumps and dissipating stagnation.
For wet phlegm and cold phlegm, cough and dyspnea with excessive phlegm, dizziness and palpitation due to phlegm retention, wind-phlegm dizziness, syncope due to phlegm, headache, vomiting and regurgitation, fullness in the chest cavity, plume nucleus qi; external treatment of carbuncle and swollen phlegm nucleus.
(1) Cure dampness, phlegm and dyspnea, stop heartache: Ban Xia no matter how much it is, stir-fry with sesame oil, make it into powder, porridge, balls and Wu Zi. Take three to fifty pills per serving, and take ginger soup. ("Dan Xi Heart Method")
(2) To treat all kinds of vomiting and not to let the grain fall: one liter of Ban Xia, half a catty of ginger. For the two flavors, take seven liters of water, boil one and a half liters, and then take it at different temperatures. (Small Ban Xia Soup from "Synopsis of the Golden Chamber")
(3) Treatment of stroke, vomiting, heart fullness, water in the diaphragm, dizziness and palpitations: one liter of Ban Xia, half a catty of ginger, three liang of poria cocos. For the three flavors, take seven liters of water, boil one liter of Wu He, divide the temperature and then serve. ("Synopsis of the Golden Chamber" Xiao Ban Xia plus Fuling Decoction)
(4) Treatment of Shao Yin disease, sore throat: Ban Xia (washing), Gui Zhi (peeling), licorice (burning). The above three flavors are divided into equal portions, pounded and sifted separately, combined to treat, drink in vain, and take a square inch dagger, three times a day. If you can't take the powder, take one liter of water, boil it for seven times, take two square inch daggers for powder, boil it for three times, put it on fire to make it cold, and swallow it less. ("Treatise on Febrile Diseases" Ban Xia powder and soup)
Oral administration is generally used after processing, 3 ~ 9g. Appropriate amount for external use, grind the juice and apply or grind into powder and mix with wine to apply to the affected area.
It should not be used together with Chuan Wu, Zhi Chuan Wu, Cao Wu, Zhi Cao Wu, and aconite; raw products should be taken with caution.
Ban Xia benefits
Ban Xia is an important medicinal material in the treasure house of Chinese traditional medicine. Ban Xia pungent powder is warm, dry and poisonous, mainly enters the spleen and stomach, and also enters the lungs. It has the effects of antitussive and expectorant, anti-nausea, anti-ulcer, and liver function enhancement.
Antitussive and expectorant
Ban Xia has the effect of antitussive and expectorant, among which Ban Xia raw, Ban Xia ginger and Ban Xia faba have antitussive effect. The ethanol extracts of raw Ban Xia and Qing Ban Xia have a certain expectorant effect and are suitable for cough patients.
Lowering adverse flow and anti-vomiting
Ban Xia has the effect of reducing adverse flow and anti-vomiting, and can be used to treat symptoms such as vomiting, regurgitation, and chest tightness.
Ban Xia decoction can reduce the secretion of gastric juice, reduce the free acidity and total acidity of gastric juice, inhibit the activity of pepsin, protect gastric mucosa, promote the repair of gastric mucosa, and have the effect of anti-stress ulcer.
Enhance liver function
Ban Xia can promote bile secretion, increase corticosterone, enhance the induction of corticosterone on liver tyrosine transaminase, and increase the activity of liver tyrosine transaminase.
Ban Xia side effects
The side effects of Ban Xia mainly include drug allergy, gastrointestinal discomfort, poisoning, etc. The specific analysis is as follows:
Ban Xia may cause drug allergy in patients, cause skin itching, and even local skin allergic necrosis.
Ban Xia may strongly stimulate the gastric mucosa of patients, resulting in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and other symptoms of gastrointestinal discomfort.
Ban Xia may cause poisoning in patients, resulting in symptoms such as numbness of the tongue, sore throat, hoarse voice, and difficulty swallowing.
How to take Ban Xia?
Ban Xia is usually taken in decoction, or it can be made into powder or pills. However, the use of Chinese herbal medicines must be based on syndrome differentiation and treatment, and should be used under the guidance of professional Chinese medicine practitioners, and should not be used at will, let alone listen to traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions and advertisements.
When Ban Xia decoction is taken orally, Qing Ban Xia, Fa Ban Xia or Jiang Ban Xia are generally used, and the usual dosage is 3-9g; Raw Ban Xia is mostly used externally.
Ban Xia Xie Xin Tang
Ban Xia Xie Xin Tang ("Treatise on Febrile Diseases") is mainly used for the treatment of ruffian syndrome caused by intertwined cold and heat. Ban Xia 12g, Scutellaria baicalensis, dried ginger, ginseng 9g each, Coptis 3g, jujube 12 pieces, licorice 9g. For the seven flavors, take a bucket of water, boil six liters, remove the residue, boil again, take three liters, take one liter warm, and take three times a day. In the prescription, Ban Xia, which is pungent and warm, is the king, which dissipates stagnation and eliminates ruffian, and is good at reducing adverse reactions and relieving vomiting.
Ban Xia Hou Po Tang
Ban Xia Hou Po Tang ("Synopsis of the Golden Chamber") is mainly used to treat Meihe Qi. Ban Xia 12g, Magnolia officinalis 9g, Poria cocos 12g, ginger 9g, Su Ye 9g. Take seven liters of water, boil four liters, divide the temperature into four doses, one dose a day, three nights. Ban Xia is bitter, pungent, warm and dry, dissipates phlegm and dissipates stagnation, subdues adverse conditions and harmonizes the stomach.
Ban Xia Bai Zhu Tian Ma Tang
Ban Xia Bai Zhu Tian Ma Tang ("Medical Heart Awareness") is mainly used for the syndrome of wind-phlegm disturbance. Ban Xia 9g, Gastrodia elata, Poria cocos, orange red each 6g, Atractylodes macrocephala 15g, licorice 3g. One slice of ginger, two jujubes, decoct in water. In the prescription, Ban Xia is used to dry dampness and reduce phlegm, reduce adverse flow and stop vomiting.
The main material is 100 grams of rice, and the ingredients are 6 grams of Ban Xia, 5 grams of dried ginger, 5 grams of licorice, 5 grams of ginseng and 10 grams of dried. When making it, first put the ingredients into the medicine pot, add water to cook, remove the residue after 20 minutes, put the rice in the pot, pour in water and medicine juice, boil for 30 minutes, add sugar and eat.
How to choose Ban Xia?
1. Dried tubers are spherical, semi-spherical or oblique, with a diameter of 0.8 to 2 cm. The surface is white, or light yellow, with yellow spots on the unclean skin.
2. The upper end is more round and flat, with a sunken yellow-brown stem scar in the center, densely covered with brown pitted fibrous root scars, and the lower part is blunt and smooth. The quality is solid and dense. The longitudinal section is kidney-shaped, pure white, and powdery enough; those that are old or not suitable for drying process are off-white or have yellow streaks. The powder smells pungent to the nose, tastes pungent, sticky when chewed, numb the tongue and prick the throat.
3. It is better to be tall, clean skin, white in color, firm in quality and powdery enough. The ones that are small in stature, dirty in peeling, yellowish-white in color, and small in powdery nature are the second priority.
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