What is Dang Gui?
, (scientific name: Angelica sinensis
,) is also called Angelica
, the name of Chinese medicine. It is the dried root of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels of Umbelliferae. It is mainly produced in the southeast of Gansu, with Minxian County having the most output and good quality, followed by Yunnan, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Hubei and other provinces, all of which are cultivated. It has the effects of nourishing blood and promoting blood circulation, regulating menstruation and relieving pain, moistening intestines and laxative. It is commonly used for blood deficiency and yellow complexion, dizziness and palpitations, irregular menstruation, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, abdominal pain due to deficiency and cold, rheumatic arthralgia, injury from falls, carbuncle sores, intestinal dryness and constipation. Wine angelica invigorates blood and stimulates menstrual flow. For amenorrhea dysmenorrhea, rheumatic arthralgia, injury from falls.
Angelica is sweet, and it can replenish moist, pungent and warm and loose, mainly enters the liver, heart meridian, and concurrently enters the spleen meridian. Good at activating blood circulation and enriching blood, relieving pain and regulating menstruation, laxative and laxative, and dispelling cold. It is suitable for blood deficiency and blood stasis with cold syndrome, especially for those with intestinal dryness and constipation. It is not only an important medicine for gynecology and menstruation, but also for internal medicine It is a good product, and it is also commonly used in surgery and traumatology to reduce swelling and heal injuries.
Growth environment of Dang Gui
Danggui is a low-temperature and long-sun crop, suitable for alpine and cool climates, and can be cultivated at an altitude of about 1500-3000m. Cultivated bolting rate is high in low-sea areas, and it is not easy to oversummer. It is fit for cultivation in sandy loam soil with deep, loose, well-drained, fertile and rich in humus. It is not suitable for planting in low-lying water or clay and barren sandy soil that is easy to harden. Continuous cropping is avoided.
Danggui is mainly produced in the southeast of Gansu, and are cultivated by Shaanxi, Yunnan, Hubei, Sichuan, and other provinces. Some provinces and regions in China also have introduced and cultivation. The type specimen was collected from Wushan, Chongqing.
Danggui is native to western Asia and is cultivated in many countries in North America and Europe.
Types of Dang Gui
East Dang Gui
East Dang Gui comes from Umbelliferae Donggui, also known as Yamatogui, Japanese Dang Gui, and Yanbian Dang Gui. Dang Gui is used in some areas of the Northeast medicinally. Dang Gui sinensis is used in both Korea and Japan medicinally. The texture is brittle and firm, the wood part is yellow brown or yellow white. The gas is sweet, and then bitter.
Ou Dang Gui
Ou Dang Gui is the root of Umbelliferae Dang Gui sinensis. This product is different from Dang Gui sinensis because of pharmacological effects and traits. The surface is gray-yellow or gray-brown. The texture is oil-free and dry, slightly hard and easy to break. The section is yellow-white with cracks, and the xylem is yellow-white with radial texture. The air is turbid and fragrant, and the taste is sweet and then spicy and numb.
Yunnan Wild Dang Gui
Yunnan Wild Dang Gui is the root of Dang Gui yunnanensis in Umbelliferae. Also known as soil Dang Gui in Yunnan. Its effect is similar to Dang Gui, and it is used in some areas of Yunnan medicinally. Its roots are conical, including few branches, and the surface is reddish brown, brown or dark brown. The top has stem scars or stem residues. The surface has lenticel-like scars and longitudinal wrinkles. The cross-section is yellowish white, and the texture is hard. It has an aroma similar to Dang Gui, sweet and then bitter.
Processing methods of Dang Gui
Collection and processing
Excavate in late autumn, remove the fibrous roots, and after the water has evaporated, bundle them into small handles, put them in a shed, and slowly smoke them to dry with fireworks.
Pick out impurities, wash, moisten, let dry for a while until the internal and external humidity is suitable, then slice and dry.
Wine Dang Gui
Take slices of Angelica, spray them evenly with rice wine, stir them in a pot with low heat, take them out, and let them cool (100 catties of angelica slices, 10 catties of rice wine).
"Lei Gong Cannon Burning Theory": For angelica, first remove the dust and remove the hard part of the head, soak it in wine overnight.
Dang Gui TCM
The dry root of Angelica sinensis, a perennial herb of Umbelliferae.
Sweet, pungent, warm
Return liver, heart, spleen channel.
Enriches and activates blood circulation, regulates menstruation and relieves pain, loosens bowels and relieves constipation.
For blood deficiency and yellow complexion, dizziness and palpitations, irregular menstruation, amenorrhea dysmenorrhea, abdominal pain due to deficiency and cold, rheumatism arthralgia, injury from falls, carbuncle sores, intestinal dryness and constipation. Wine angelica invigorates blood and stimulates menstrual flow. For amenorrhea dysmenorrhea, rheumatic arthralgia, injury from falls.
Oral administration: decoction, 6-12g; or into powder or pills; or soaked in wine; or applied as ointment.
Slightly cylindrical, with 3-5 or more branched roots in the lower part, 15-25cm long. The surface is yellowish brown to tan, with longitudinal wrinkles and horizontal long lenticels. Root head (guitou) 1.5-4cm in diameter, ringed, blunt upper end, or several prominent rhizome scars, with purple or yellow-green stem and leaf sheath remnants; surface of main root (guishen) is uneven; Branch root (returning tail) diameter 0.3 ~ lcm, thick at the top and thin at the bottom, twisted, with a few fibrous root scars. The texture is flexible, the section is yellowish white or light yellowish brown, the cortex is thick, there are fissures and most brown point-like secretory cavities, the color of the xylem is lighter, and the cambium ring is yellowish brown. It has a strong aroma, sweet, pungent and slightly bitter.
Those with large firewood, dry and oil-free, or green-brown cross-sections are not suitable for medicinal use.
Use with caution in patients with moderate dampness and loose stools.
Dang Gui benefits
Dang Gui has a heavy and sweet taste, so it can nourish blood, and its qi is pungent and light, so it can also promote blood circulation. It has movement in the tonic, and tonic in the action. It is an important medicine in the blood.
1. Dang Gui can not only activate blood, but also nourish blood, and can not only activate collaterals, but also stimulate menstruation. All women's common diseases such as dysmenorrhea, irregular menstruation, blood deficiency amenorrhea, weak anemia, sallow complexion, uterine bleeding, postpartum blood stasis, and menstruation (mouth and nose bleeding when menstruation comes) can be treated with angelica.
2. Dang Gui is the most commonly used medicine in traditional Chinese medicine. It is mostly used in soups, especially for anemia patients. It can also significantly promote the body's hematopoietic function and increase the content of red blood cells, white blood cells and hemoglobin.
Dang Gui side effects
In general, the side effects of Dang Gui include fatigue, aggravated diarrhea, and aggravated bleeding. The specific situation is analyzed as follows:
Dang Gui contains ligustilide, which has strong pharmacological effects on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems, circulatory system and immune function, can improve microcirculation, relax smooth muscle and inhibit the central nervous system, and has strong antispasmodic, Sedation and other effects, excessive use may cause symptoms of fatigue in patients.
Dang Gui can promote gastrointestinal peristalsis, has the effect of laxative, and can be used to treat intestinal dryness and constipation. However, if the patient has diarrhea, the diarrhea may be aggravated after using angelica.
Ligustilide in Dang Gui extract can inhibit platelet aggregation and can effectively prevent thrombus formation. If the patient has bleeding himself, using angelica may inhibit the synthesis of coagulation factors and aggravate bleeding.
How to take Dang Gui?
Dang Gui is a relatively common Chinese herbal medicine in daily life. It can generally be eaten in various ways such as pills, decoctions, and wine. Under the guidance of a doctor, moderate consumption can promote blood circulation, nourish blood, nourish blood and regulate menstruation, and at the same time, it can moisten the intestines and speed up the body’s discharge of toxins and garbage, which is beneficial to health.
Grind Dang Gui into powder, add an appropriate amount of honey to make pills, which can relieve constipation and relieve constipation.
Dang Gui Shao Yao San
The name of a traditional Chinese medicine prescription. From the second volume of "Synopsis of the Golden Chamber". For hematological agents. It has the effects of nourishing blood and regulating the liver, invigorating the spleen and promoting dampness. Indications for women who are pregnant or menstruating, with liver and spleen deficiency, abdominal urgency, continuous pain, dizziness and palpitations, or lower limb edema, difficulty urinating, pale tongue, white and greasy fur. Now correct the fetal position.
When Dang Gui or irregular menstruation occurs in the body, under the guidance of a doctor, it can be decocted with other Chinese medicinal materials to make a decoction, which can effectively achieve the therapeutic effect.
Dang Gui Bu Xue Tang
Wash the red crabs, remove the shells, remove the gills, cut into pieces for later use, put the cut red crabs into the pot, add Dang Gui, astragalus, medlar, eucommia, black dates and appropriate amount of water, then add rice wine, and simmer over low heat About 1 hour is enough.
Soak in water
Dang Gui is brewed and drunk with an appropriate amount of white wine, which can relieve low back pain, stagnation of blood stagnation after childbirth and lower abdominal pain in women.
Dang Gui can also be eaten together with pork ribs, fish, pig's feet, etc., and it can play a role in beautifying and beautifying after eating.
How to choose Dang Gui?
If the head of the Dang Gui is round and has no divisions, it means that the Dang Gui is a top-grade angelica.
The less the Dang Gui body is divided into shares, and the thicker the shares are, it means that it is a good quality Dang Gui.
The color of natural air-dried sulfur-free Dang Gui is brown or earth brown, while the Dang Gui that has been smoked with sulfur is golden yellow.
Sulfur-free Dang Gui has a natural earthy fragrance, while sulfur-fumigated Dang Gui has a more obvious sour smell of sulfur.
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