What is Chinese herbs?
Traditional Chinese medicine herbs are mainly composed of chinese herbs and minerals.
There are about 5,000 types of traditional Chinese medicines, and there are countless prescriptions formed by compatibility. After thousands of years of research, an independent science - Materia Medica has been formed. All medical colleges and universities in China have set up a natural medicine course, which is commonly known as Chinese herbal medicine.
The curative effect of Chinese herbal medicine is being paid more and more attention in today's world. For example, acupuncture and moxibustion in China and the brewing of Chinese herbal medicine have penetrated into all parts of the world, and the researchability of Chinese medicine gives us many different plasticity. There are generally two methods of brewing Chinese medicine in my country. One is the method of brewing according to the prescription prescribed by experts in traditional Chinese medicine, and the other is the method of medicinal wine, and there are many researches on these two methods in our country. China is the birthplace of Chinese herbal medicine. There are about 12,000 types of medicinal plants in China, which are not available in other countries. We have a monopoly advantage in Chinese medicine resources. The in-depth exploration, research and summary of ancient sages on Chinese herbal medicine and Chinese medicine have made Chinese herbal medicine the most widely recognized and applied.
History of Chinese Herbs
are unique drug used by TCM
to prevent and treat diseases, and it is also an important symbol that distinguishes TCM
from other medicines.
The exploration of Chinese herbal
medicine by the Chinese people has gone through thousands of years of history. According to legend, Shennong tasted all kinds of herbs and pioneered medicine, and Shennong was honored as the "Emperor of Medicine
".Traditional Chinese medicine
is mainly composed of herbal medicines (roots, stems, leaves, fruits) and mineral medicines. Because herbal medicines account for the majority of traditional Chinese medicines, Chinese medicines are also called Chinese herbal medicines. There are about 5,000 kinds of traditional Chinese medicines used in various places, and there are countless prescriptions formed by combining various medicinal materials. After thousands of years of research, an independent science has been formed - Chinese Herbs Discipline
Application of Chinese Herbs
The application theory of traditional Chinese medicine is quite unique. Traditional Chinese medicine has four flavors and five flavors. The four qi, also known as the four properties, refer to the cold, hot, warm and cool properties of the medicine. The five flavors refer to the pungent, sour, sweet, bitter and salty properties of medicines. The smell and taste of Chinese herbal medicines are different, and their curative effects are also different.
There are various forms of application of Chinese herbs. There are useful decoctions made by decocting the medicines in water, removing the slag and leaving the juice, powders that are ground into powder, pills, ointments, liquors, tablets, granules, injections, etc.
There are many famous medicines in Chinese herbal medicine, among which ginseng, Ganoderma lucidum, Polygonum multiflorum and Lycium barbarum are the most famous ones. The most commonly used mineral medicines are cinnabar, ochre, talc, and Glauber's salt.
Chinese Herbs Manufacturing
Remove weeds, sediment and non-medicinal parts. According to the requirements of different varieties, some need to scrape off the outer skin, such as white peony root; some should peel off the rough skin, such as Phellodendron; Xiang, Danshen, Baizhi, Qianhu, Shegan, Polygonum cuspidatum, etc.; some need to peel off the wood core, such as Danpi. Steaming, boiling, and scalding certain medicinal materials containing starch, sugar, and mucus are not easy to dry, and some contain enzymes that decompose and transform certain components of themselves. If the enzymes lose their activity after heat treatment, they can Keep the medicinal properties from going bad.
Some rhizome medicinal materials, such as Danshen, Angelica dahurica, Qianhu, Achyranthes bidentata, Shegan, Polygonum cuspidatum, Phytolacca, Pueraria lobata, Tufuling, Scrophulariaceae, etc., should be cut into slices, blocks or segments while they are fresh; Fruit medicinal materials that are not easy to dry out, such as Xuan papaya, lime, bergamot, etc., should be cut first and then dried; bark medicinal materials such as eucommia, Magnolia officinalis, cinnamon, etc. should also be cut into pieces or slices or sliced while fresh. Rolled into a tube, and then dried.
The purpose of drying is to facilitate long-term storage for future use, and try to keep the appearance, smell and active ingredient content of the crude drug unchanged during drying and processing.
Dried by sunlight
Use sunlight and open air to dry the herbs. The drying method is generally suitable for medicinal materials that do not require a certain color and do not contain volatile oils, such as coix, burdock, astragalus, paeonol, eucommia, etc. The drying method is simple and convenient, but the methods are different for different medicinal materials. When drying, the harvested medicinal materials are usually spread on mats, and attention should be paid to prevent rain, dew, and strong wind from blowing away, and they should be turned frequently to promote their early drying.
Dryed by oven
Use an oven or fire pit to bake at low temperature to dry the herbs. When drying, the temperature should be controlled. If the temperature is low, it is not easy to dry. If the temperature is too high, the quality will be affected. For example, the temperature of roasted rhubarb does not exceed 60°C. Too high, such as the temperature of baking silver flower is controlled at 38 ℃ - 42 ℃.
Benefits of Chinese Herbs
For example, traditional Chinese medicine is of great help to health care functions, and medicinal wine is based on the Taoist theory of ascending and descending qi, harmonizes the internal organs of the human body, clears the heart and eyesight, harmonizes the complexion, moisturizes the skin, clears the key points, and smooths the pulse. For liver disease, anemia, and cardiovascular disease caused by deficiency of spleen and kidney, disharmony of blood and qi, stagnation of qi and blood stasis, and deficiency of both qi and blood, it can dredge the pathways and reconcile blood vessels; for patients with nervous headaches and neurasthenia, it can nourish blood in the Bible, Replenishing qi and calming the mind; for anorexia, stomach disease, constipation, hemorrhoids and other gastrointestinal diseases, it can nourish the spleen and stomach, regulate qi and harmonize the stomach, replenish and nourish blood, remove blood stasis and blood; Insufficient ones can have black hair Zhouyan, migraine, and have the effect of strengthening the body and eliminating evil. We are very helpful and different in terms of medicinal herbs, and in terms of medicinal wine, Chinese herbs has a very good effect on tonifying the kidney and strengthening the yang, and there will be no side effects. It is a pure natural tonic.
About Chinese Herbs Extract
Plant extract refers to substances extracted or processed from plants (whole plants or parts) using appropriate solvents or methods, which can be used to improve health or for other purposes.
The plant extract industry has been developed in the last 10 years, and it is a marginal industry between the pharmaceutical, fine chemical, and agricultural industries. Its definition is expressed as follows: plant extracts use plants as raw materials, according to the needs of the final product of extraction, through the process of physical and chemical extraction and separation, one or more active ingredients in plants are directional obtained and concentrated, while Products formed without changing the structure of their active ingredients. The product concept of plant extracts is relatively broad. According to the different components of the extracted plants, glycosides, acids, polyphenols, polysaccharides, terpenes, flavonoids, alkaloids, etc. are formed; according to the properties of the final products, they can be divided into vegetable oils, extracts, powders, lenses, etc.
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