What is Cang Zhu?
, which is also called Atrctylodes
or Atractylodes rhizome
, is the dry rhizome of Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC.
or Atractylodes chinensis (DC.) Koidz. of Compositae. Excavated in spring and autumn, removed the sediment, dried in the sun, and removed the fibrous roots.
Atrctylodes is pungent in nature and flavor, bitter, warm. Return spleen, stomach, liver channel. Cang Zhu is bitter, dry and pungent, fragrant and warming. Enter the spleen and stomach meridians, can dry dampness and invigorate the spleen, and is an essential medicine for treating dampness obstruction in the middle energizer syndrome, especially suitable for those with spleen trapped by cold and dampness; go to the muscle surface of the limbs, dispel cold and dampness and remove numbness and release, for treating wind-cold-dampness numbness It is commonly used in table certificate folder wet.
Types of Cang Zhu
Mao Cang Zhu
Irregular beaded or nodular cylindrical shape, slightly curved, with occasional branches, 3-10px in length, 1-50px in diameter. The surface is grayish brown, with wrinkles, transverse curves and residual fibrous roots, and the top has stem scars or residual stem bases. The texture is solid, the cross-section is yellow-white or off-white, and there are many orange-yellow or brown-red oil chambers scattered. After a long exposure, white fine needle crystals can be precipitated. The gas is fragrant and specific, and the taste is slightly sweet, pungent and bitter.
Bei Cang Zhu
Lumpy or nodular cylindrical shape, length 4-225px, diameter 1-100px. The surface is dark brown, and the outer skin is yellowish brown. The quality is loose, and there are scattered yellow-brown oil chambers on the cross-section. The aroma is light, the taste is pungent and bitter.
Growth environment of Cang Zhu
In China, Cang Zhu is distributed in Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu, Shaanxi, Henan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Anhui, Sichuan, Hunan, Hubei and other places.
Cang Zhu grows wild in grasslands, forests, bushes and rock crevices on hillsides. It is widely cultivated in medicine gardens all over China. It is also distributed in North Korea and the Far East of the Soviet Union.
Processing methods of Cang Zhu
Collection and processing
Excavated in spring and autumn, removed the sediment, dried in the sun, and removed the fibrous roots.
Take the original medicinal materials, remove impurities, soak in water, wash, moisten thoroughly, cut into thick slices, and dry. Sift to remove crumbs.
Zhi Cang Zhu
Take Cang Zhu slices, soak them in rice swill for several hours, take them out, put them in a frying container, heat them with a slow fire, and fry them dry. Sift to remove crumbs.
Bran Fried Cang Zhu
First heat the pan, sprinkle in wheat bran, and heat over medium heat. When the smoke comes out, put in the herb tablets. Stir-fry continuously until deep yellow, take it out, sieve off the wheat bran, and let it cool. For every 100kg of Cang Zhu tablets, 10kg of wheat bran is used.
Jiao Cang Zhu
Take Cang Zhu slices, put them in a frying container, heat them over medium heat, spray a little water when frying until brown, then fry them dry with a slow fire, take them out and let them cool, and sieve off the debris.
Cang Zhu TCM
The dry rhizome of a plant.
Spicy, bitter, warm in nature.
Return spleen, stomach, liver channel.
Drying dampness and invigorating the spleen, expelling wind and cold, improving eyesight.
Used for damp resistance in the middle burner, abdominal fullness, diarrhea, edema, beriberi, rheumatic arthralgia, anemofrigid cold, night blindness, and dim eyesight.
(1) For the treatment of dampness accumulation due to spleen deficiency, phlegm retention due to internal water dampness, diarrhea or overflowing edema: use together with Poria, Alisma, Polyporus and other diuretic and dampness medicines. ("Criteria for Evidence and Governance")
(2) For dispelling dampness, treating arthralgia syndrome and dampness: it can be used together with rheumatism-dispelling medicines such as Coix Seed and Duhuo. ("Classic Syndrome Governance")
(3) For the treatment of wind-cold exterior syndrome with dampness: often used in the same way as Qianghuo, Angelica dahurica, and Fangfeng. ("Prescription of Peaceful Agent Bureau")
"Compendium of Materia Medica": Avoid peaches, plums, sparrow meat, cabbage, and herring.
(1) "Compendium of Materia Medica": large wind numbness, weak muscles and bones, dispelling wind and removing dampness to relieve depression. Brewing wine with juice can cure all rheumatic pains.
(2) "Materia Medica Congxin": dry stomach and strengthen spleen. Sweating and dehumidification. It can raise the Yang Qi in the stomach. Antiemetic and diarrhea. By phlegm water.
Cang Zhu benefits
1. Cang Zhu is warm in nature and has the effect of dispelling wind and cold. It has a certain conditioning effect on symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, aversion to cold, thin white phlegm, and headache caused by wind-cold cold.
2. Cang Zhu belongs to the spleen meridian, and can also dry dampness and invigorate the spleen, and is suitable for treating rheumatic arthralgia, abdominal fullness, edema, diarrhea and other diseases.
3. In addition, Cang Zhu has the effect of improving eyesight and can improve the symptoms of dizzy eyes. It is commonly used in modern clinical practice as an adjuvant treatment for night blindness.
Cang Zhu side effects
Cang Zhu dries dampness and invigorates the spleen, dispels wind and cold, and mainly treats damp-blocking middle-jiao syndrome, rheumatism paralysis, and wind-cold dampness syndrome. Respiratory system and other adverse reactions.
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that Cang Zhu is an aromatizing and damp medicine. Dryness caused by body fluid consumption.
Symptoms of atropine poisoning
Some patients will experience flushing, red eyes, hot face, dizziness, and lightheaded symptoms after taking herb, which is similar to the symptoms of drunkenness. When it is more severe, some patients will experience blurred vision. Symptom.
Cang Zhu contains a single component atractyloside, some patients may experience chest tightness, palpitation, shortness of breath, numbness of limbs, numb lips, dull pain and other symptoms of neurotoxicity after taking it.
Inhibit the respiratory system
Cang Zhu contains volatile oil components, which have a certain sedative effect on people and have a certain impact on the human respiratory system. If a large amount of herb is taken, due to the inhibitory effect on the human respiratory system, the patient will experience shortness of breath.
Cang Zhu can slightly inhibit the contraction of the heart, and large doses of Cang Zhu can cause blood pressure to drop. Cang Zhu has a certain effect of lowering blood sugar. If people are prone to hypoglycemia, it is not suitable to take Cang Zhu.
How to take Cang Zhu?
Prepare an appropriate amount of Cang Zhu, wash them, put them in a casserole, add an appropriate amount of water, and cook for fifteen minutes to get the juice for drinking.
Cang Zhu Rids Tang
Wrap an appropriate amount of Cang Zhu with a gauze bag for later use. Cut the ribs into pieces, put them in a pot under cold water, add appropriate amount of cooking wine, scallions, and ginger to remove the fishy smell, boil on high heat and remove. Pour water back into the pot, put the pork ribs and Cang Zhu, cook for 50 minutes, add seasonings, continue to cook for 10 minutes and serve.
Cang Zhu Bai Hu Tang
Bai Hu Tang plus Cang Zhu, can cure dampness, hyperhidrosis, heavy hands and cold feet. According to dampness and febrile disease, dampness is in Taiyin, and temperature is in Yangming. Spleen dampness and stomach heat accumulate as disease. The main symptoms are body heat and incomprehensible sweating. The syndromes are generally greasy or yellow tongue coating, thirsty and not wanting to drink, and chest tightness. Wait.
Ma Huang Cang Zhu Tang
The name of a traditional Chinese medicine prescription. From the second volume of "The Secret Collection of the Lanshi". Indications for coughing every night and five o'clock in autumn and winter, continuously, until the dawn and the sun are high. Symptoms include bitter mouth, hypochondriac pain, palpitations under the heart, restlessness while lying down, spasms, joint pain, phlegm, saliva, fainting and yawning day and night, and refraining from eating and drinking.
Prepare the right amount of japonica rice and Cang Zhu. Put the Cang Zhu in the pot, add an appropriate amount of water, decoct for half an hour, remove the residue and leave the juice. Pour the cleaned japonica rice into the pot, cook for 40 minutes and serve.
How to choose Cang Zhu?
The high-quality Cang Zhu original medicine is produced in Chifeng, Inner Mongolia. It is in the shape of irregular beads or nodular cylinders, with brown-red oil chambers scattered on the cross-section (commonly known as "cinnabar spots"), and has a specific aroma. In addition to the original medicine, there are also processed Cang Zhu slices on the market. This product is sliced from the whole skin of Inner Mongolia Cang Zhu, with brown-red cinnabar spots scattered on the section.
When purchasing, everyone should also pay attention to avoid buying fake Cang Zhu. The counterfeit Cang Zhu is mainly produced in North Korea, and its section is yellowish white without cinnabar spots. The counterfeit Cang Zhu processed slices are North Korean Cang Zhu slices, the cross-section is light yellow and white, without cinnabar spots.
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