What is Dan Shen?
Dan Shen is the dried root and rhizome of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. It is harvested in spring and autumn, removed from the mud and sand, and dried. It is distributed in most parts of the country. It has the effect of activating blood circulation, dispelling blood stasis, relieving menstrual pain, clearing the heart, cooling the blood, and eliminating carbuncles. It is used for chest paralysis and heartache, hypochondriac pain, obstruction and accumulation of obstruction, painful heat paralysis, sleeplessness, menstrual disorders, dysmenorrhea, sores, and swelling pain.
Dan Shen TCM
In traditional Chinese medicine
, the root and rhizome of Dan Shen
can be used as medicine.
Feature of Dan Shen root
The rhizome of the Dan Shen root is short and thick, sometimes with a residual allium at the apex. Roots several, oblong-columnar, slightly curved, some branched and with beard-like roots, 10-20 cm long, 0.3-1 cm in diameter.
Surface brownish red or dark brownish red, rough, with longitudinal wrinkles. Older roots have loose outer skin, mostly purple-brown in color, often flaking in a scaly pattern.
Hard and brittle, with loose, fissured, or slightly flattened and dense fractures, brownish red bark, grayish yellow or purple-brown wood, yellowish white conductor bundles, radiating in an array.
Dan Shen dosage
For the decoction of Salvia miltiorrhiza, the usual dosage is 10~15g.
Dan Shen benefits
Radix salviae miltiorrhizae benefits
Dan Shen has the function of activating blood circulation, dispelling blood stasis, relieving menstrual pain, clearing the heart, cooling the blood, and eliminating carbuncles. It is mainly used for chest paralysis and heartache, hypochondriac and abdominal pain, obstruction in the abdomen, painful heat paralysis, sleeplessness, irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea, sores, and swelling pain. Danshen is less toxic, but side effects have been reported during clinical application. The side effects caused by Salvia are mainly allergy, headache, dizziness, palpitation, shortness of breath, dry mouth, abdominal distension, etc.
Radix salviae miltiorrhizae is bitter, slightly cold, and belongs to the heart and liver meridians. It is mainly used for chest paralysis and cardiac pain, hypochondriac and hypochondriac pain, painful heat paralysis, sleeplessness, menstrual disorders, dysmenorrhea, sores, and swelling pain. Clinical pharmacological studies have shown that Salvia miltiorrhiza has a protective effect on myocardial ischemia and hypoxia, which can improve the body's resistance to hypoxia, thus avoiding myocardial damage and human morbidity. Dan Shen should not be used together with quinoa.
Patients with discomfort are advised to go to regular medical institutions for treatment, and not to use drugs at their own discretion to avoid adverse reactions.
Dan Shen side effects
Danshen Chinese herb
The side effects of Dan Shen include bleeding, gastrointestinal irritation, allergic reactions, etc.
Dan Shen has the function of activating blood, which can cause hemorrhage, especially for heart patients taking anticoagulant drugs, they should use salvia with caution, if they take salvia improperly at the same time, it can cause bleeding.
Long-term consumption of Dan Shen can cause different degrees of acid reflux. Salvia should not be taken together with aspirin while avoiding foods with high protein such as milk and soy.
It is manifested as generalized rash, itching, and urticaria, sometimes accompanied by chest tightness, dyspnea, nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms.
A small number of patients may develop hypokalemia, mental fatigue, drowsiness, or even coma.
Application of Dan Shen
Dan Shen dripping pills
Dan Shen dripping pills is a kind of medicine, the ingredients mainly include Dan Shen, Panax notoginseng, and Bing Pieces. It has the effect of activating blood circulation and resolving blood stasis, regulating qi, and relieving pain. It is used for chest paralysis and chest tightness caused by Qi stagnation and blood stasis, coronary heart disease, and angina pectoris.
The main ingredient of Danshen capsules is radix salviae miltiorrhizae. It has the effect of activating blood circulation, resolving blood stasis, regulating qi, and relieving pain. It is used for suffocating in the chest and angina pectoris.
Fu Fang Dan Shen Pian
Fu Fang Dan Shen Pian
is used to invigorate blood circulation, resolve blood stasis, regulate Qi, and relieve pain. It is used for treating chest paralysis
caused by Qi stagnation and blood stasis, which is characterized by chest tightness and tingling pain in the precordial region; and angina pectoris in coronary heart disease.
Side effects of Fufang Danshen Pian
a. Gastrointestinal system: nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, abdominal pain, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, etc.
b. Skin and its accessories: rash, itching, etc.
c. Nervous system: dizziness, headache, etc.
d. Cardiovascular system: palpitation, chest tightness, etc.
e. Others: weakness, dry mouth, allergic or allergy-like reactions, etc.
Precaution of Fu Fang Dan Shen Pian
a. Use with caution for pregnant women.
b. Use with caution for allergic persons.
c. Use with caution in patients with cold spleen and stomach.
d. For patients with a bleeding tendency or using anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy, use this product under the guidance of a doctor and pay attention to monitoring.
e. When adverse reactions occur with this product, seek medical attention promptly.
Dan Shen Yin
Dan Shen Yin has the effect of activating blood circulation and dispelling blood stasis, moving Qi and relieving pain. It is used to treat heartache and pain in the stomach and epigastrium. It is often used clinically in the treatment of chest distension, pain, impatience and irritability, hypochondriac masses, stabbing pain and refusal to press. In women, amenorrhea or dysmenorrhea is seen, the menstrual bag is purple and dark with lumps, the tongue is purple and dark or with petechiae, and the pulse is astringent.
Growth environment of Dan Shen
Dan Shen likes mild climate, sufficient light, moist air and fertile soil. If there is not enough light and low temperature during the growing period, the seedlings will grow slowly and the plants will be stunted. Under the conditions of annual average temperature of 17.1℃ and average relative humidity of 77%, the plant grows and develops well. It is suitable for growing on fertile sandy loam soil, and does not require high soil acidity, neutral, slightly acidic and slightly alkaline soil can be planted.
Cultivation techniques of Dan Shen
Land selection and preparation
Planting Dan Shen preferably choose sweet potatoes, corn and peanuts and other crops as the previous crop. After the harvest of the previous crop to prepare the land, the depth of plowing should be more than 30 cm. Combined with the preparation of the ground fertilizer, compost or stable fertilizer per mu about 2000 kg. Rake and level the land, make high or flat borders with a width of 1.3 meters and the length of the borders depends on the terrain.
a. Mid-tillage and weeding. Generally, when the seedlings start to emerge, check and find that the soil is caked or the mulch is thick and affects the emergence of the seedlings, the mulch should be removed in time to promote the emergence of the seedlings. The first time in May, when the seedlings are 10 cm to 12 cm high, the second time in June, and the third time in August.
b. Fertilization. During the growing period, combined with mid-tillage and weeding, fertilize 2 times one or three times, using 1000 kg-2000 kg of well-rotted manure, 10 kg-15 kg of calcium superphosphate or 25 kg-50 kg of cake fertilizer per mu.
c. Drainage. Pay attention to drainage during the rainy season. If the soil is dry during the emergence and seedling stage, irrigate or water in time.
d. Pick buds. Except for plants left as seeds, buds must be removed in stages to facilitate root growth.
Harvesting and processing
Dan Shen can be collected in the following year of growth. The harvesting time is mid-December when the above-ground parts wither or the following spring before sprouting. First, remove the above-ground stems and leaves, and make a deep trench at one end of the border to expose the roots of ginseng. Dig out the intact roots along the border to prevent breaking. After digging, cut off the residual stems. If you need a strip of ginseng, cut the root strip with a diameter of 0.8 cm or more at the mother root, straighten the strip, expose it to the sun, turn it from time to time, and when it is 70% or 80% dry, tie it into small handfuls, then expose it to the sun until it is dry, and box it to become "strip of ginseng". If not divided into coarse and fine. After drying and removing the mixture, put it into sacks, then it is called unified salvia.
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