What is Di Fu Zi?
Di Fu Zi
, which is also called Fructus kochiae
, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. It is the dry ripe fruit of Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad.
of Chenopodiaceae plant. In autumn collect the plants when the fruits are ripe, dry them in the sun, lay down the fruits, and wipe off impurities.
Fructus kochiae is pungent, bitter, cold. Return kidney, urinary bladder channel. Mainly contains saponins, steroids, and triterpenes. It has the effects of promoting dampness and clearing away heat, expelling wind and relieving itching. It is used for astringent and painful urination, pruritus vaginal discharge, rubella, eczema, and itchy skin.
Growth environment of Di Fu Zi
Di Fu Zi is born in wilderness, fields, roadsides, cultivated in gardens. It does not have too many requirements for loam soil, and it can grow in poor loam soil, and the daily garden soil can meet it, and a sufficient amount of basal fertilizer can be added. Illumination is very important. Even in the case of strong sunlight in summer, there is no need for shading. Choose a sunny place for ground planting. The demand for water is not large, and the daily rainwater can meet it, and it can be artificially replenished when it is dry.
Di Fu Zi is mainly produced in Shanxi, Hebei and Shandong. It is also produced in most parts of the country.
Processing methods of Di Fu Zi
Collection and processing
When the fruit is ripe in autumn, harvest the whole plant, dried in the sun, the fruit is cut, and impurities such as branches and leaves are removed.
Di Fu Zi
Take the original medicinal materials, remove impurities and branches, and sieve to remove dust.
Stir-fried Di Fu Zi
Take clean Kochia, stir-fry over low heat until the color becomes dark and fragrant, take it out, and let it cool.
Di Fu Zi TCM
The dry ripe fruit of the plant.
Acrid in the mouth, bitter, cold in nature.
Return kidney, urinary bladder channel.
Clearing heat and promoting dampness, expelling wind and relieving itching.
It is used for astringent and painful urination, pruritus vaginal discharge, rubella, eczema, and itchy skin.
(1) For treating damp heat in the bladder and difficulty in urination: use it with Akebia, Qumai, Mallow, etc., such as Kochia Decoction. ("Ji Sheng Fang")
(2) For thunderhead wind swelling, unconsciousness: Luo broom and ginger are ground into pieces, warmed up with wine and taken, and the sweat will heal immediately. ("Sanji General Record")
(3) For bloody dysentery: five liang of Kochia scoparia, one or two each of Burnet and Scutellaria baicalensis, as the end. Each serving of square inch dagger, mixed with warm water. ("Sheng Hui Fang")
9~15g. Appropriate amount for external use, decocted for fumigation and washing.
Do not take if there is no dampness and heat in the interior, and excessive urination.
Di Fu Zi is oblate spherical five-pointed star, diameter 1 ~ 3mm. The perianth is persistent outside the perianth, the surface is gray-green or light brown, surrounded by 5 membranous winglets, and there are 5-10 slightly protruding punctate stalk marks and 5-10 radial veins in the center of the back; peeling off the perianth, the membranous can be seen Peel, translucent. Seeds are flat ovate, about 1mm long, black. Slight gas, slightly bitter taste.
Di Fu Zi benefits
1. Di Fu Zi is cold in nature and belongs to the bladder meridian and kidney meridian. It has the effect of clearing heat and promoting dampness, and has a certain conditioning effect on astringent and painful urination, dysuria, vaginal itching and vaginal discharge.
2. Di Fu Zi can also play the role of dispelling wind and relieving itching, and can relieve the symptoms of skin itching. In modern clinics, it is often used as an adjuvant treatment for rubella, eczema, urticaria and other diseases.
3. Pharmacological studies have shown that Di Fu Zi has anti-inflammatory effects and has inhibitory effects on various skin fungi.
Di Fu Zi side effects
The side effects of Di Fu Zi are small, and if the dosage and usage are not correctly grasped, it may cause side effects such as skin damage and diarrhea. If the patient has the above discomfort symptoms, it is recommended to seek medical treatment in time, and take the drug correctly under the guidance of the doctor to avoid side effects and other health hazards.
If you take Di Fu Zi for a long time or do not follow the prescribed dosage, it may cause some irritation symptoms or allergic reactions, such as exacerbation of original skin diseases on the parts of Di Fu Zi or the whole body, and even accompanied by Symptoms such as oral and lip herpes, redness of the face and ears.
Di Fu Zi is a cold Chinese herbal medicine with a bitter taste. Overdose or weak spleen and stomach patients may cause diarrhea after taking Kochia scoparia. If diarrhea occurs, the drug should be stopped in time, usually it can be relieved gradually, if it cannot be relieved, seek medical treatment in time.
How to take Di Fu Zi?
Take an appropriate amount of Chen Pi and put it into the pot, add water, bring to a boil on high heat, and then cook on low heat for ten minutes.
Di Fu Zi Tang
9 grams of Di Fu Zi, 3 grams each of Anemarrhena, Scutellaria, Polyporus, Qumai, Citrus aurantium, Cimicifuga, Tongcao, sunflower, and seaweed. Take 600ml of water, boil 200ml, and take three times in divided temperature. It can treat damp-heat in the lower energizer, dysentery, red and astringent urination, frequent urination, oliguria or hematuria and other adverse urination symptoms.
Di Fu Zi Da Zao Tea
Di Fu Zi can also be made into tea with Da Zao in addition to decoction, all ground into a thermos bottle, poured into boiling water, and then checked for leaves after warming. It can be used many times a day Treat itchy skin and skin eczema.
Shi Lan Di Fu Zi wine
50g of heather leaves, 50g of Di Fu Zi, 50g of Dang Gui, 50g of Du Huo, 500ml of white wine. Pound the above four medicinal materials together into coarse powder; put them in a pot together with wine, boil on high heat for 10 boils; after cooling, filter to remove slag, bottle for later use. 10--15ml each time, 3 times a day, warm the wine and take it on an empty stomach. It can prevent rheumatism and relieve itching. When using it, you must pay attention to the amount of use. Do not use too much, which will cause vitality damage. It is best to take Kochia Kochia under the guidance of a doctor.
How to choose Di Fu Zi?
The true Di Fu Zi
The appearance is oblate and five-pointed star-shaped, with a diameter of 1-3 mm and a thickness of about 1 mm. The outside is persistent perianth, membranous, apex 5-lobed, lobes triangular, surface grayish green or light brown. There are stigma remnants in the center of the top surface, dot-shaped fruit stalk marks and about 10 radial ridges at the base; perianth is easy to peel off, and there is a small nut inside, growing horizontally, the pericarp is translucent membranous, with dot-like patterns, also Easy to peel off, the seeds are brownish brown, flat, similar to sesame seeds, observed with a magnifying glass, it can be seen that there are dot-shaped patterns on the surface, slightly concave in the middle, and slightly raised edges, with a horseshoe-shaped embryo inside, light yellow, oily, and the embryo is milky white; no smell Smell, taste slightly sweet and bitter.
Counterfeit: Dried fruit of Pinus pine
The appearance is bell-shaped, with a small fruit stalk, the lower part is yellow-green or green-brown, and the upper part is reddish-brown. The apex of the calyx also has 5 lobes, but it is rolled inward; Extend slender persistent styles. Seeds tend to fall off, and occasionally many seeds can be seen, small, flat, round, reddish-yellow. Under a magnifying glass, it can be seen that there are many small spots on the surface of the calyx tube, which are oil glands; the texture is hard and brittle, and it emits a special aroma when rubbed with hands, and the taste is astringent and slightly spicy.
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