What is Huang Lian?
, which is also called Coptidis, Coptis chinensis
or Coptidis Rhizoma
, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. Alias: Weilian, Chuanlian, Jizhulian, which is a perennial herb of Ranunculaceae and Coptis genus, with leaf bases, firm paper, egg-shaped triangles, three-segmented, central lobe egg-shaped rhombic, pinnately parted, margins There are sharp serrations, and the lateral lobes range from 2 deeply lobed; the petiole is 5-300px long. Wild or cultivated in cool and humid shaded forests in valleys at an altitude of 1000-1900m. Its taste is extremely bitter in the mouth, and there is a saying that "a dumb man who eats Coptis chinensis will not be able to tell the bitterness".
Coptis chinensis is bitter and cold, clears vents and dryness, vents and descends pure yin, and mainly enters the heart meridian, stomach, and spleen meridians, and also enters the liver, gallbladder, and large intestine meridians. It not only clears heat and purifies fire, but also dries dampness, dehumidifies and detoxifies dampness and heat. It is an important medicine for treating dampness, heat and fire, and is widely used in the syndrome of dampness, heat and fire. Compared with Scutellaria baicalensis, it has a stronger heat-clearing and damp-drying effect, and its effect is more focused on the heart and the spleen and stomach in the middle burner.
Types of Huang Lian
The dried rhizome of Coptis chinensis Franch. Most of the medicinal materials are gathered in clusters, often bent, shaped like chicken feet, commonly known as "chicken feet", and its single rhizome is 3-6 cm long and 0.3-0.8 cm in diameter. The surface is rough, with irregular nodular bulges, fibrous roots and fibrous root residues. The surface of the internode is as smooth as a stem, which is commonly called "crossing the bridge". Brown scale leaves remain on the upper part, and residual stems or petioles are often left on the top. The surface is yellowish brown or grayish yellow. Hard, irregular section, orange-red or dark brown skin, bright yellow or orange-yellow xylem, arranged radially, pith sometimes hollow. Slight gas, extremely bitter taste.
The dried rhizome of Coptis deltoidea C.Y.Cheng et Hsiao. The medicinal materials are mostly single branches, slightly cylindrical, shaped like a "silkworm", slightly curved, 4-8 cm long, 0.5-1 cm in diameter, and the "bridge" is longer. There are a few residues at the top. The body is dry, strong, without fibrous roots, and those shaped like silkworms are the best products.
The dried rhizome of Coptis chinensis Wall. The medicinal material is bent into a hook shape, shaped like a "scorpion tail", and most of them are single branches, which are relatively small. The best ones are dry, thin strips, many knots, few fibrous roots, and yellow in color.
Growth environment of Huang Lian
Wei Lian and Ya Lian are mainly produced in Sichuan and Hubei. Yun Lian is mainly produced in Yunnan.
Huanglian likes coolness, humidity and shade, and avoids high temperature and drought. Generally distributed in high mountainous areas of 1200-1800m, it needs a natural environment with high air humidity and low temperature. Cannot stand strong sun, likes low light, so needs shade. The roots are shallow, distributed in the soil layer of 5-250px, suitable for loose and fertile topsoil, rich in humus, deep soil, pH 5.5-6.5, slightly acidic. It grows wild or sometimes cultivated in the shade of alpine forests at an altitude of 1500-2300 meters. Wei Lian grows in damp places in mountain forests, Ya Lian grows in damp, cool and shaded places in mountains, and Yun Lian grows in long green-leaved broad-leaved forests at an altitude of 1500-2300m.
Processing methods of Huang Lian
Collection and processing
Excavated in autumn, removed fibrous roots and silt, dried, and knocked off residual fibrous roots.
Take the raw medicinal materials, remove impurities, wash with water, moisten thoroughly, cut into thin slices, and dry in the air. Or mashed when used.
Wine Huang Lian
Take Huang Lian slices, mix well with rice wine, and moisten until the wine is completely absorbed. Put it in a medicine pot. Use a slow fire to increase the execution. Fry dry, take out and let cool. For every 100kg of Huang Lian slices, use 12.5kg of rice wine.
Jiang Huang Lian
Take Huang Lian slices, mix well with ginger juice, and moisten until the ginger juice is completely absorbed. Put it in a frying pan. Use a slow fire to increase the execution. Fry dry, take out and let cool. For every 100kg of Huang Lian slices, use 12.5kg of ginger to pound the juice or 4kg of dried ginger to decoct the juice.
Yu Huang Lian
Take the clean Wuyu, add appropriate amount of water, decoct for half an hour, remove the dregs, get the juice and mix it into the Huang Lian slices. Moisten until the Wuyu juice is exhausted, put it in a frying pan, heat it with a slow fire, fry it dry, take it out and let it cool. For every 100kg of Huang Lian tablets, use 10kg of Evodia rutaecarpa.
Huang Lian TCM
The dried rhizome of Coptis chinensis, Coptis trigonum or Yunlian of Ranunculaceae.
Bitter in the mouth, cold in nature.
Return heart, spleen, stomach, liver, gallbladder, large intestine channel.
Clearing away heat and dampness, purging fire and detoxification.
Damp-heat fullness, vomiting and acid regurgitation, diarrhea, jaundice, high fever and coma, hyperactivity of heart-fire, upset and insomnia, palpitations and restlessness, vomiting of blood heat, red eyes, toothache, thirst, carbuncle and sores; external treatment Eczema, wet sores, ear canal discharge.
1. The heart meridian is hot: Xiexin Decoction, use Coptis chinensis. One and a half cups of water, decoct one cup, and serve warm. Children minus it. ("Prescription of Peaceful Agent Bureau")
2. Diarrhea with heat and pus and blood: one or two each of Zongtu Zhongmo and Coptis chinensis. for the end. Two qian per drink, two servings a day. ("Sheng Hui Fang")
3. Visceral poison and blood: Coptis chinensis is the end, a single head of garlic is simmered and ground, and it is as big as a ball of Wuzi. Drink 40 pills for every hollow old rice. ("Ji Sheng Fang")
2-5g. Appropriate amount for external use.
Huang Lian is very cold, excessive long-term use can easily damage the spleen and stomach, and should not be used for those with deficiency of the spleen and stomach. Bitter dryness can easily injure yin and fluid, and it should be used with caution in patients with yin deficiency and fluid injury.
Huang Lian benefits
Clearing heat and purging fire
Coptis chinensis is a kind of medicinal material, which is very helpful for toothache, bitter mouth and bad breath caused by internal heat in the body. It can also improve symptoms of internal heat such as dry stool and yellow tongue coating. Coptis chinensis is a suitable The Chinese herbal medicine for purging fire is also widely used in daily life.
Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory
After modern pharmacological research, it was found that Coptidis Rhizome contains more berberine, which has obvious inhibitory effect on Galanz-positive and Galanz-negative bacteria. It is also a broad-spectrum antibacterial Chinese herbal medicine that can be used for bacteria Dysentery caused by sex can also be used for some other diseases caused by bacteria, and the effect is quite significant.
Huang Lian side effects
Injury to Yin
Huang Lian is bitter and dry. If it is taken for a long time or taken improperly, it will easily deplete the body’s yin fluid, and many parts of the body will appear dry, such as dry lips, dry nose, dry and dull skin, dry stool, etc., and even thirst. like to drink.
Injury to the spleen and stomach
Huang Lian is bitter in taste and cold in nature. Long-term use or improper use can easily damage the spleen and stomach, resulting in deficiency of spleen and stomach yang. The body may have symptoms such as pale lips, frequent thirst, and cold body.
How to take Huang Lian?
According to the doctor's instructions, put the selected appropriate amount of Chinese herbal medicine into the pot or boil it with other medicinal materials to make soup and drink it.
Huang Lian Jie Du Tang
9 grams of Huang Lian, 6 grams each of Scutellaria baicalensis and Phellodendron phellodendri, 9 grams of gardenia, put the four flavors together in a casserole, decoct in water for 30 minutes, and take the juice.
Huang Lian E Jiao Tang
Huang Lian E Jiao Tang, from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases". It is a sedative-trafficking heart-kidney agent. It has the effect of supporting yin and dissipating heat. Indications for Shaoyin disease, restlessness in the heart, not to lie down; evil fire attacking internally, heat injuring yin and blood, and sharpening pus and blood.
Huang Lian Porridge
10 grams of Huang Lian, 15 grams of sugar, 50 grams of japonica rice, add water and cook into porridge. Consume every morning and evening.
Made into powder or pill
Huang Lian Su
Huang Lian Su is an important alkaloid, mainly used for damp heat in the large intestine, red and white diarrhea, tenesmus or violent injection diarrhea, burning anus; enteritis, dysentery see the above syndromes; it also has anti-inflammatory and bactericidal effects.
Huang Lian Su Tablets
Huang Lian Su Tablets have the effects of clearing away heat and dampness, promoting qi and relieving pain, stopping dysentery and diarrhea; mainly used for enteritis and dysentery.
Huang Lian Shang Qing Wan
Dispersing wind and clearing away heat, purging fire and relieving pain. It is used for wind-heat attack, dizziness caused by excessive heat in the lungs and stomach, flare-ups, dental pain, sore mouth and tongue, sore throat, earache and tinnitus, secret stool, and short red urine.
How to choose Huang Lian?
Huang Lian contains large fibroblasts, so in general, the number of cells in the cross-section is more obvious, and they exist in groups, and there is no single individual.
Under normal circumstances, high-quality Huang Lian is mostly clustered, shaped like animal claws, and its diameter is 4-8 mm. It itself is mostly divided into two colors: grayish yellow and yellowish brown, and the surface is rough with irregular bumps and nodules.
It is said that Huang Lian is bitter, but in fact the smell of high-quality coptis is not as bitter as imagined, but very slightly bitter. If you try to grind Huang Lian, you can really taste the extremely bitter taste.
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