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Ma Bo

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What is Ma Bo?

Ma Bo is the name of traditional Chinese medicine. It is the dried fruiting body of desquamate, macrophytes, or purplish fungi. Harvest in time when the fruiting body is mature in summer and autumn, remove sediment, and dry. It has the effect of clearing the lungs and benefiting the pharynx and stopping bleeding. For wind-heat lung depression pharyngeal pain, hoarseness, and cough. External treatment of epistaxis, trauma bleeding.

The fruiting bodies of equine fungi are all spherical, and the larger individuals are generally referred to as "horse dung bag", which is an important species in forest composition. Most of its species are medicinal fungi, some species can be edible, and some species are forest ectomycorrhizal fungi.

Physiological properties of Ma Bo

Tuopi Mabo is oblate or quasi-spherical, without an infertile base, and has a diameter of 15 to 500px. Coated grayish brown to yellowish brown, papery, often broken into flakes or completely detached. Sporophyte is grayish brown or light brown, compact, and elastic. With the hand tear, there are gray-brown waddle-like filaments. Touch the spores like dust flying, hand twist has a delicate feeling. It smells like dust and is tasteless. Found in open meadows in summer and autumn.

Da Ma Bo basic infertility with a small or absent base. The residual coating consists of a yellowish-brown membranous outer coating and a thicker grayish-yellow inner coating. Smooth, hard, and brittle, falling off in chunks. Sporophyte light green brown, hand twist has a sense of lubrication. Late summer and late autumn desert grassland or hillside sandy soil grass slope grass in the cluster.

Purple Ma Bo is a top shape or has been flattened and oblate circular, diameter 5 ~ 300px, infertility base developed. Coating thin, two-layer, purplish brown, coarsely creased, rounded indentation, eversion, upper part often split into small pieces or has been partially shed. Sporophyte purple. Summer and autumn are mostly born in open grassland.

Growth environment of Ma Bo

Ma Bo enjoys sandy loam, decayed trees, deciduous leaves, coprophytes, and other organic materials, and enjoys a high temperature and humidity environment. The base of its subsidiary body has rhizomatous mycelium cords fixed on the sandy soil. Generally in the late summer, autumn after the rain, in July and August when the rain is abundant, it is born on the undergrowth, as well as the underground litter, rotten haystacks, wetland rotten wood, and other organic matter, which is only suitable for the mountain or mid-level mountains with a better living environment.

Distribution range of Ma Bo

Mabo is widely distributed and recorded in most parts of the world, mainly in Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, and different parts of the Americas. The 9th edition of the Fungal Dictionary recorded 158 species in 18 genera of the Marburaceae family.

Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chinese fungi workers have investigated the germplasm resources in different regions of the country and recorded a total of 37 species, which have been recorded in different local fungal records, such as Annals of Large-scale Fungi in Eastern Guangdong, Central Guangdong and Western Guangdong (Bi Zhishu et al., 1988), Fungi in China (Deng Shuqun, 1963) and General Collection of Fungi in China (Dai Fanglan, 1972).

Ma Bo is distributed almost everywhere in China, mainly in Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Anhui, Gansu, Jiangsu, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi, and other places.

Cultivation techniques of Ma Bo

The artificial cultivation method of Ma Bo belongs to the cultivation technology field of edible fungi and solves the problem of artificial domestication culture and cultivation of wild M. subtilis, including tissue separation, seed production, ingredients, inoculation, fungus development, and mushroom emergence management.

Cultivation methods are carried out according to the following steps: First mix, that is, weigh cotton kernel meal 5-15%, wheat bran 2-10%, wood chips 42-50%, fruit tree leaves 10-35%, cow dung 5-15%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2-5%, gypsum 1-2%, lime 1% according to the following formula and weight ratio. Mix all the above raw materials well and adjust the water content to 60-65%. After 25 to 30 days of culture material stacking and fermentation, immediately bag planting or filling in the mushroom shed sowing trench planting, inoculation in the mushroom shed, mushroom shed temperature control at 16-26℃, light is weak or dark, the first tide mushroom after harvesting bed cleaning, spraying water, after 15 to 20 days to harvest the second tide mushroom, the third, fourth tide mushroom management and so on. It takes about one year for this method to acclimate and harvest M. subtilis, and 2-3kg of M. subtilis can be harvested per square meter.

Species value of Ma Bo

Edible value of Mabo

The edibility of Ma Bo has been recorded in domestic and foreign kinds of literature, such as the Chinese folk pot. The young, white fruiting bodies should be selected for consumption, and cut in half before consumption to avoid poisoning caused by ingestion of immature umbelliferous with a similar appearance. Commonly eaten are large horse bur, pear-shaped horse bur, white thorn horse bur, etc.

Medicinal value of Mabo

The traditional Chinese Materia medica is the dried fruity body of Lasiosphaera fenzlii, Calvatia gigantic, or Calvatia lilacina, a fungus of the grey pericarpophyte family.

Ma Bo benefits

Ma Bo belongs to the lung meridian, its effect is to clear the lung, benefit the pharynx, and hemostasis. Clinically, it is used to treat wind heat, lung stagnation, sore throat, hoarseness, cough, nasal trauma, bleeding, and so on.

Mabo has certain health care functions but also can remove the moisture in the human body, so that the moisture in the human body is effectively smooth, and can eliminate the heat poison in the human body, to achieve the effect of Yin and Yang balance. In addition, there is a hemostatic effect when Ma Bo’s external application. Therefore, the hemostatic effect is also a very important therapeutic effect of Maber.

Mabo is widely used. However, for a specific use, it should be under the guidance of a doctor.

Ma Bo side effects

Mabo has few side effects. Ma Bur belongs to the category of clearing heat and antidotes of traditional Chinese medicine. It has the functions of clearing the lung and enhancing the pharynx, detoxifying, and stopping bleeding. It comes from the dried fruiting body of Ma Bur.

The side effects of traditional Chinese medicine are mainly reflected in sexual cold or heat, may cause gastrointestinal discomfort or cause irritation, or traditional Chinese medicine itself contains harmful ingredients to the human body. And doxepin, no obvious cold and heat, taking will not affect the gastrointestinal tract, cause gastrointestinal reactions, or appear on the performance of fire. At the same time, the components of horsetail are not toxic, and will not cause damage to the human body, so horsetail basically has no side effects.

Ma Bo needs to be used under the guidance of a doctor. It can be used for cough, hoarseness, sore throat, and other symptoms caused by lung heat. At the same time blood heat caused by vomiting blood, as well as nasal bleeding, has the role of clearing heat and stopping bleeding. In addition, the trauma caused by the injury can also be treated by applying Ma Bo powder to the affected area.

Application of Ma Bo

Mabo Chinese


Hemostasis is the main function of Ma Bo. In clinical operations, Mabo is used to stop bleeding. The hemostasis effect is very good, and there is no adverse reaction. Ma Bo can also be used in the stomatology department to stop bleeding. When tooth bleed is extracted, the Ma Bo pad is usually filled to stop bleeding, and gauze can also be used to press to stop bleeding. Ma Bo also has a good effect on nasal bleeding and traumatic bleeding.


Ma Bo has an antibacterial effect, peeling Ma Bo decoction can inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, pseudomonas aeruginosa, and diplococcus pneumonia, but also can produce a certain resistance to a few pathogenic fungi. Ma Bo can be used to fight bacteria in pneumonia, pharyngitis, enteritis, and other aspects, and promote the recovery of inflammation.

Treatment of chilblain

The effect of Ma Bo is to treat chilblains. First, soak the chilblains with warm water, let the local area appear a little red, and then dry the water, and stick Ma Bo on the affected area. If chilblain has appeared to fester, first use comfrey oil coated, and then use Mabo paste on the line. Ma Bo also has certain anti-cancer effects, which can inhibit the activity of cancer cells.

How to buy Ma Bo?

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