What is Mu Xiang?
(Radix Aucklandiae) is a common name for the plants Yunmu Xiang and Chuan Mu Xiang
in the asteraceae family. Saussurea costus
(scientific name: Saussurea costus), also known as Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora, Amphora. Vladimiria souliei (Scientific name: Vladimiria souliei) is a plant of the genus Vladimiria in the Compositae family, which is unique to China.
Mu Xiang is distributed in Sichuan, Yunnan, Xizang and other places in mainland China, mostly growing in alpine grassland and shrubland. Mu Xiang
is a wild plant and has not been artificially introduced and cultivated. The roots of both plants are important Chinese herbs.
It is a traditional Chinese flower
, which can be climbed on the trellis in the garden, and can also be used as vertical greening material, climbing on the wall or flower hedge. In late spring and early summer, white or beige flowers inlaid in green leaves, emitting a rich aroma, endless aftertaste; In summer, its lush foliage provides shade from the scorching sun. In addition to ornamental, wood fragrance and floral taste mellow is, half-open can pick tea; Flower contains aromatic oil, which can be used to prepare fragrance cosmetics.
Morphological characteristics of Mu Xiang
Mu Xiang is a small climbing shrub, up to 6 m tall; Branchlets cylindrical, glabrous, with short prickles; The prickles on the old branches are large and hard, sometimes without prickles after cultivation.
Leaflets 3-5, sparse 7, petiole 4 -- 6 cm long; Leaf blade ellipsoid-ovate or oblong-lanceolate, 2 -- 5 x 8 -- 18 mm, apex acute or slightly obtuse, base suborbicular or broadly cuneate, margin appressed serrate, glabrous above, dark green below, midvein raised, pilose along veins; Petioles and leaf axes sparsely pilose and scattered spinules; Stipules linear-lanceolate, membranous, free, caducous.
Flowers small, many umbels, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter; Pedicels 2-3 cm long, glabrous; Sepals ovate, apex long acuminate, entire, calyx tube and sepals outside glabrous, inner surface white pilose; Petals double to semidouble, white, obovate, apex rounded, base cuneate; Carpel numerous, style free, densely pilose, much shorter than stamens. Flowering in April - May.
Growth environment of Mu Xiang
Mu Xiang herb
Mu Xiang is now widely cultivated in southwest region of our country, Hunan, Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Xizang and so on places also has distribution, and because it is produced mainly in Yunnan, Sichuan and so on places, it is also called Yunshu Xiang. It grows in alpine grasslands and thickets.
Muxiang likes warm, moist and sunny environment, is resistant to cold and half shade, and is afraid of waterlogging. Ground planting can be planted in the sun, no water, the soil requirements are not strict, but in loose fertile, good drainage soil growth. Strong budding and resistant to pruning. Flowering May - June.
Cultivation techniques of Mu Xiang
Mu Xiang likes cool and humid climate, slightly cold tolerant, afraid of high temperature. It is advisable to choose sandy loam or loam with deep soil layer, loose soil and good drainage. It is propagated by seed, sown in early April in spring and mid-September in autumn. Before sowing, the seeds should be soaked for 24 hours, and the row and plant spacing should be 33cm and the depth should be 3~3cm. The seed quantity per mu is about 1kg. Watering after sowing, keep the soil moist, seedlings need to be properly shaded, plant height 7~10 cm when seedlings, 2 seedlings per hole. Every year combined with weeding and soil, topdressing 1~2 times, such as flower moss need to be removed in time, to benefit the root growth, winter should be fertilized soil. The disease has root rot, can be used 70% pentachloronitrobenzene powder and grass and wood ash (1:30) to remove beside the plant, to prevent the spread. Insect pests have aphids, can be 40% Dimethoate cream 800 times spray kill; Ground tiger and grubs can be killed by poison bait.
The seedling height was 4~6cm, and 3 seedlings were left in each hole. Ploughing and weeding 3~4 times a year. Dilute human excrement should be applied in seedling stage, and human excrement or urea or superphosphate can be applied in the second year. In winter, use decomposed manure, soil fertilizer, grass and wood ash, cake fertilizer, etc. Water during the dry season. In winter, soil is cultivated after the overground is withered. When the silk moss is pregnant, all the flower moss is removed except for the remaining seed. In autumn, the old leaves near the ground will be removed to facilitate the ventilation and light.
How to reproduce Mu Xiang?
Before and after spring germination, using hard branches or before and after flowering with semi-hard branches for cutting, it is easy to produce living laminate. Select healthy branches in the growing season, cut the lower end of the joint, wrap plastic film into a bag, fill it with soil, and tie the bag mouth tightly after watering to keep the soil moist, with a high survival rate.
Dormant period can be bare root transplanting, transplanting should be strong pruning. Keep the soil moist during the growing season to avoid water accumulation. Apply compound fertilizer once or twice after spring germination, promote the flower taste, after the winter in its roots to open a ditch to apply ripe organic fertilizer, and pour water. In winter or early spring, the plant should be pruned once, cutting away the bare long branches, dead branches, diseased branches and overdense branches to enhance the ventilation and light inside the plant.
Mu Xiang benefits
Mu Xiang TCM
The effect of Mu Xiang is qi and pain relief, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory, stomach digestion and diarrhea.
Tonifying qi and relieving pain
The Mu Xiang's aroma helps to dissipate qi and its bitter taste helps to remove toxic waste from the body. Mu Xiang can clear the blockage of the sanjiao meridian and gallbladder meridian. It can treat dampness-heat, liver and gallbladder diseases. Mu Xiang has strong analgesic effect and mild medicinal properties. It can also relieve the pain of testicular deviation.
Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory
Mu Xiang can be antibacterial, inhibit the growth of bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, ensure the harmony of the gastrointestinal flora environment, help to inhibit the reproduction of liver virus, play an anti-inflammatory role in the body, and cover the liver with a protective cover to protect the liver from damage.
Strengthen the stomach and relieve the appetite
Mu Xiang has a sweet and bitter taste and a fragrant scent. In addition to dredging the body's qi, it can also relieve spleen and stomach fullness, wake up the spleen and stomach, help treat indigestion and loss of appetite, and play the role of appetizing and relieving discomfort symptoms.
Mu Xiang mainly enters the meridians of the large intestine, helping to unclog the large intestine and relieve constipation or irritability symptoms caused by damp heat. It is best to eat with coptis, but also with areca nut, rhubarb, etc., to treat indigestion, diarrhea and other symptoms. Woody incense has certain toxicity, has ganglion blocking effect, can produce toxic reaction, damage the kidney, may have oliguria, anuria, abdominal distension, diarrhea, constipation and other side effects. Some people will also have dizziness, general spasm, muscle relaxation, respiratory depression and other side effects, should be under the guidance of the doctor rational use of wood fragrance, not blindly. It is mainly used to treat acute and serious diseases. It has the effect of soothing liver and regulating qi, drying dampness and invigorating spleen. The use of woody incense by people with insufficient body fluids may lead to further fluid loss, thus exacerbating disease. Wood fragrance is a warm and stimulating drug. It can be dispersed in the lungs, which control fluid. Therefore, the use of lung Yin deficiency syndrome, can eliminate fire, aggravate symptoms. Therefore, the insufficiency of body fluids, lung Yin deficiency prohibited woody incense.
Mu Xiang side effects
The side effects of Mu Xiang are mainly poisoning symptoms, and the contraindication is mainly cautious use in some people. The specific situation is analyzed as follows.
Mu Xiang has certain toxicity, has ganglion blocking effect, can appear curarus-like reaction, and damage to the kidney, may appear oliguria, anuria, abdominal distension, diarrhea, constipation and other side effects. Some people may suffer from dizziness, spasm, muscle relaxation, respiratory depression and other side effects after using woody fragrance. It is necessary to use woody fragrance reasonably under the guidance of doctors and not blindly.
Mu Xiang treating Li Qihou heavy, has the effect of soothing the liver qi, dry dampness and invigorating the spleen, body fluid shortage of people use wood incense, easy to cause body fluid further loss, thus aggravating the condition. Wood fragrance belongs to the warm and tensive drugs, into the lung can do energy powder, lung main body fluid, so wood fragrance into the lung after Xin scattered is excess body fluid, if the lung Yin deficiency people use, it is dispersed is fire, aggravate symptoms. Therefore, the contraindication of Mu Xiang is forbidden in the population of body fluid deficiency and lung Yin deficiency.
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