What is Mai Ya?
is the name of Chinese medicine
. It is also known as barley sprout
and Fructus Hordei Germinatus.
Grown mostly in the northern region, it is a concocted processed product of the mature fruit of barley Hordeurn vulgare L.
, a plant of the family Gramineae, which is dried by germination. The wheat grains are soaked in water, kept at a suitable temperature and humidity, and then dried in the sun or at low temperatures when the young buds grow to about 5mm.
Physiological properties of Mai Ya
Mai Ya is cloak-shaped, 8-12 mm long, and 3-4 mm in diameter. surface yellowish, abaxially surrounded by lemma, with 5 veins; ventral surface surrounded by palea. After removing the palea, there is a longitudinal groove on the ventral surface; young buds and fibrous roots are produced at the basal radicle, the young buds are long lanceolate strips, about 5mm long. fibrous roots are several, slender, and curved. Hard texture, white in cross-section, powdery. Smell slightly, and taste slightly sweet.
Chemical composition of Mai Ya
contains mainly α- and β-amylase
, catalyticase and peroxidisomerase. It also contains hordenine, hordatine A and B, adenine, choline, protein, amino acids, vitamins D, D, and E, and cytochrome C. It also contains maltotoxin (candici-ne).
Concocting of Mai Ya
|Stir-fried Ma Ya||Take Ma Ya and fry it in a pan until it is yellow, then take it out and let it cool.
|Burnt Ma Ya||Fry the same method as above until burnt yellow, then spray with water and take out to dry.
|Bran Ma Ya||When the bran is smoking, pour in net Ma Ya and fry over moderate heat until the surface is yellow, remove the bran and let it cool. For every 1kg of Ma Ya, use 90g of bran.
Ma Ya benefits
Mai Ya herb
Mai Ya contains alpha and beta amylases. And starch is a mixture of sugar starch and gum starch. The glucose molecules that makeup sugar starch are connected by α-1,4 glycoside bonds and arranged in straight chains. Gum starch is crossed by several short straight chains of condensed glucose. The branched starch molecules have α-1,6 glucoside bonds in addition to α-1,4 glucoside bonds. α and β amylases can hydrolyze α-1,4 glucoside bonds but have no effect on α-1,6 glucoside bonds. β amylase can completely hydrolyze sugar starch into maltose, while α amylase breaks it down into short straight bond condensed glucose (i.e. dextrin), which can be hydrolyzed into maltose by β amylase. Thus, starch can be broken down into maltose and dextrin by the action of α and β amylases. Malt decoction seems to have a mild promotion effect on the secretion of gastric acid and pepsin.
Administration of Maiya infusion orally lowered blood glucose in rabbits and normal humans. The 5% injection solution made of malt residue aqueous alcoholic precipitation product can lower the blood sugar of rabbits by 40% or more when injected with 200mg, and most of them recovered after 7 hours.
Barley bases A and B contained in Mai Ya herb have antifungal activity.
Inhibition of prolactin release
Raw Mai Ya decoction 100-200g/d orally can suppress the peak of prolactin release during sleep or methotrexate test in healthy people, which may be related to the lactation-returning effect of raw Maiya soup in women, and can make breast overflow disappear or be relieved in patients with simple breast overflow, but the peak of response to methotrexate test is not suppressed, and it is not effective in amenorrhea-lactation syndrome with an organic lesion of pituitary prolactinoma.
Mai Ya contains barley bases whose pharmacological effects are similar to ephedrine. 1.0 mg/kg dose can enhance the tension and movement of guinea pigs' uterus, and it increases with increasing doses. For neostigmine-induced bronchospasm in cats, it can make it dilate, the effective dose is 0.5-1.0mg/kg, but the effect on normal cats is very small. There is also a protective effect against radioactivity.
Mai Ya side effects
If Mai Ya is consumed for a long time, it may damage the kidneys; people who do not have stagnation in the stomach and intestines and have a weak spleen may damage the gastrointestinal tract if they consume too much malt; people with phlegm and fire asthma will aggravate their symptoms if they use too much.
a. Mai Ya consumed for a long time eliminates the kidneys and should not be consumed in excess.
b. Anyone with phlegm-fire asthma and pregnant women should not use Mai Ya. Women should not eat more Maiya during pregnancy because it will affect the development of the fetus.
c. It should not be consumed by people who have a deficient spleen and cannot accumulate dampness and heat.
Apart from the side effects of Mai Ya, there are many other effects. Barley is mainly used for weaning and it is generally recommended to consume fried malt in water to achieve the effect of weaning, but it is recommended not to breastfeed during the consumption of barley malt.
Application of Mai Ya
Mai Ya Chinese herb
Strengthening the spleen and eliminating food
Mai Ya is an ingredient in itself, and there is no harm in taking it for a long time. When used in medicine, Maiya has a sweet and moist taste, and its medicinal properties are smooth and moderate. It is sweet and moist and enters the spleen, so it has the effect of nourishing the spleen and strengthening the spleen.
From Li Shizhen's record, we can see that barley sprouts can help people better digest starch-rich foods such as rice and noodles. When we consume too much rice and noodle food without digestion, we can make tea with malt to drink, which can promote digestion and benefit the spleen and stomach.
According to Chinese medicine, Mai Ya is made from barley just after sprouting and contains a certain amount of ascending power, while the liver is wood, which is the main ascender and regulates the qi of the whole body.
For example, in the "Materia Medica", it is said that "where the sprout of wheat grain, all get the Qi of ascension and development, reaching the liver wood to control the spleen earth, so it can eliminate the guide". Therefore, Mai Ya not only has the effect of eliminating food but also has the function of draining the liver and moving Qi.
For example, Maiya can be used to relieve the pain of liver qi and chest distension caused by heart problems and anger.
Some modern healers also add Mai Ya to their formulas to help treat hepatitis and other diseases.
In folklore, Mai Ya
is also a common remedy used to help women return to the breast. For example, some women who are breastfeeding and have stagnant milk or want to wean their children from breast milk often use Ya Mai
to boil water and drink it.
In fact, Mai Ya's ability to restore breast milk is also recorded in some Chinese medical texts, such as "Dian Nan Ben Cao", which states that Mai Ya can "eliminate the food, relax the hiccups, and relieve women's breast milk that does not collect. It is clear that this effect of Mai Ya has been recognized by Chinese medicine for a long time.
However, Mai Ya needs to be stir-fried and added to the medicine for better results. So women who are breastfeeding should also pay attention to avoid drinking barley tea when eating out.
Mai Ya tea
Mai Ya is the ripe fruit of barley, an annual herb of the family Fabaceae, which is sweet in taste and almost in nature and belongs to the stomach, spleen, and liver meridians. It has the function of regenerating breast milk and reducing bloating. It is effective in relieving food accumulation and strengthening the body. It is a good remedy for symptoms such as accumulation of food, accumulation of milk, distention, and pain in the abdomen and breasts. Wife's malt in water can lower blood sugar and blood lipids and protect the liver, making it ideal for people who drink and entertain. Malt tea also has a very good It has good effect on lowering blood sugar and blood pressure. People who are weak and have poor digestion can drink more malt tea.
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