What is San Qi?
(scientific name: Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F. H. Chen ex C. H.), which is also called Panax notoginseng
or Notoginseng radix
, is a perennial erect herb of Araliaceae and Panax genus, up to 60 cm in height. Taproot fleshy, fusiform. Stem dark green, finger-like compound leaves, whorled stem top; petiole with stripes, leaves membranous, umbels solitary at the top of the stem, with flowers; the total pedicel has stripes, bracts are mostly clustered at the base of the pedicel, egg-shaped Needle-shaped; pedicels slender, many bracteoles, small flowers, light yellow-green; calyx cup-shaped, slightly flattened, filaments and petals as long as; ovary inferior, fruit flat-spherical reniform, seeds white, triangular-ovate, 7 -Blooms in August and bears fruit in August-October.
The roots of Panax notoginseng are used as medicine. It is warm in nature and pungent in taste. Panax notoginseng mainly treats hemoptysis, hematemesis, epistaxis, hematochezia, metrorrhagia, traumatic bleeding, chest and abdomen stabbing pain, tumbling and swelling pain. Panax notoginseng is slightly bitter and disperses, sweet tonifies and warms and unblocks. Both hemostasis and blood stasis are strong, and it can tonify deficiency. It has the advantages of stopping bleeding without stasis, promoting blood without consuming qi.
Types of San Qi
A perennial herb of Araliaceae. It is harvested after three to seven years. Each plant has three petioles and each petiole has seven leaves, so it is named San Qi. Its stems, leaves and flowers can be used for medicinal purposes.
Jinbuhuan is an alias of the traditional Chinese medicine San Qi, which describes the importance of San Qi. Li Shizhen, a famous pharmacist in the Ming Dynasty, called it "gold does not change".
Teng San Qi
The perennial root twines vines, slightly woody, smooth and hairless, easy to cultivate, less pests and diseases, rich in nutrition, good taste, rich in vitamin A and vitamin C, has the functions of nourishing the kidney, strengthening the waist and knees, eliminating phlegm, promoting blood circulation, invigorating the stomach, and protecting the liver effect.
Lan San Qi
The orchid root that looks like San Qi, tastes like Sanqi, can be used as medicine, hence the name. It is characterized by cold resistance, shade tolerance, waterlogging tolerance, and evergreen all year round.
Ju San Qi
Also known as soil San Qi and purple San Qi, it has the functions of dispelling blood stasis and relieving pain, invigorating qi and absorbing blood, treating bruises, fractures, and postpartum abdominal pain.
Jingtian San Qi
The scientific name is Feicai, also known as Tusanqi and Jiuxincai. It grows on the edge of mountains and forests, under forests, shrubs or grasslands and gravel fields. It is sunny, shade-tolerant, drought-resistant, salt-tolerant, and has high vitality.
Ginger San Qi
The fleshy root of San Qi is ginger-shaped, which is different from other species.
Growth environment of San Qi
Sanqi grows wild under the jungle on hillsides, but today it is mostly cultivated on slopes at the foot of mountains, gentle slopes of mounds or under artificial shade sheds at an altitude of 800-1000m. Sanqi likes a warm and shady and humid environment, and is afraid of severe cold and scorching heat, as well as excessive water. The soil is loose red soil or brown red soil, slightly acidic; the annual average temperature is 16.0-19.3 ℃. During the growth period, if the temperature lasts for 3-5 days and is above 30°C, the plants are prone to disease. The cultivation site should be on the east slope, with a slope of 5°-15°. Planting in low lying areas is prone to root rot.
Sanqi is distributed in Jiangxi, Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet and other places, it is mostly cultivated now. The medicinal materials are mainly produced in Yunnan, Guangxi and other places, and are sold all over the country and exported in large quantities.
Processing methods of San Qi
Collection and processing
Excavate before the flowers bloom in autumn, wash, separate the main root, branch root and rhizome, and dry.
Take the original medicinal materials, remove impurities, and mash when used.
San Qi Powder
Take San Qi, wash it, dry it, and grind it into fine powder.
Shu San Qi
Take clean San Qi, break it into pieces, separate into large and small pieces, fry in edible oil until the surface is brownish yellow, take it out, drain the oil, and grind into fine powder.
San Qi Pian
Take San Qi, wash it, steam it thoroughly, take it out, slice it in time, and dry it.
San Qi TCM
The dry roots and rhizomes of plants.
Sweet, slightly bitter, warm.
Return liver, stomach warp.
Dispersing blood stasis to stop bleeding, reducing swelling and relieving pain.
For hemoptysis, hematemesis, epistaxis, hematochezia, metrorrhagia, chest and abdomen tingling pain, traumatic bleeding, tumbling and swelling pain.
1. Hematemesis and epistaxis: 371 qian, chew by yourself, and send rice soup. Or for five points, add octa-core soup. ("Binhu Jijianfang")
2. Children with typhoid fever will suffer from strong fever within 100 days. Use one catty of iron share, burn red, water two buckets, quench three to seven times, fry half of it, add seven willow leaves, and bathe it. ("Sanji Lu")
3 ~ 9g; grind into powder and swallow, 1 ~ 3g at a time. Appropriate amount for external use.
Pregnant women use with caution.
The main root is conical or cylindrical, 1-6cm long and 1-4cm in diameter. The surface is grayish yellow or grayish brown, with intermittent longitudinal wrinkles and branch root marks. There is a stem scar at the top, and there are tumor-like protrusions around it. Body weight, solid quality, gray-green, yellow-green or gray-white cross-section, and slightly radial arrangement of xylem. Slight gas, taste bitter and sweet. Ribs are cylindrical or conical, 2 to 6 cm long, about 0.8 cm in diameter at the upper end, and about 0.3 cm in diameter at the lower end. The scissors are irregular shrunken blocks or strips, with several obvious stem marks and rings on the surface, the center of the section is gray-green or white, and the edge is dark green or gray.
1. "Compendium of Materia Medica": To stop bleeding, disperse blood and relieve pain, for wounds caused by golden blade arrows, sores caused by tumbling sticks, and bleeding that does not stop, chew it and apply it, or mix it at the end, and the blood will stop immediately. It also mainly treats hematemesis and epistaxis, bloody dysentery, metrorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, postpartum hemorrhage, pain in blood circulation, red eyes and carbuncle, tiger bites and snake bites.
2. "Materia Medica Seeking Truth": specially enters the liver and stomach. And into the heart and large intestine. Also known as mountain lacquer. Shi Zhen said. Or Yuneng alloy sores. Such as paint stickies also.
3. "Materia Medica Congxin": Scattering blood to relieve pain. Control hematemesis epistaxis. Bloody dysentery and blood collapse. Red eyes and carbuncle.
4. "Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica" (1765): Ginseng is the first to nourish qi, and Sanqi is the first to nourish blood. It tastes the same and has the same effect, so it is called ginseng and notoginseng, and it is the most precious of traditional Chinese medicines.
San Qi benefits
Dispersing blood stasis and stopping bleeding
San Qi is the dry root of Araliaceae plant Sanqi. Its main function is to dissipate blood stasis and stop bleeding.
Reducing swelling and relieving pain
San Qi can also reduce swelling and relieve pain. It is also commonly used to treat chest and abdomen acupuncture-like pain caused by internal resistance of blood stasis, swelling and pain due to blood stasis.
San Qi side effects
Some people may have allergic reactions after taking San Qi, mainly due to allergies to the ingredients in the medicine, which will cause skin rashes and itching on the skin, and will cause rashes on the skin, and the skin will produce obvious damage.
San Qi is a warming medicine. After taking it for a long time or some people take it, it may cause getting angry. The main manifestations are dry mouth and throat, sore throat, five upset fever and hot flashes and other clinical symptoms.
The side effects of San Qi may cause indigestion symptoms in some people, mainly manifested as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea, which may be related to overdose of the drug. You should strictly follow the doctor's instructions and take it orally correctly. Do not self-medicate.
San Qi uses
When oral administration of San Qi decoction, the usual dosage is 3-9 grams; if powdered and swallowed, 1-3 grams at a time, no more than 9 grams per day.
Soak in water
Take an appropriate amount of San Qi, pour it into boiling water and soak for about 10 minutes before drinking.
San Qi Tea
San Qi Tea can effectively remove blood acid and blood poison in the blood, completely purify the blood and restore the balance of blood fat and blood pressure. It can effectively prevent and improve various cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and other senile diseases caused by hyperlipidemia and high blood pressure. Numbness, chest tightness, shortness of breath, palpitation and palpitation all have special effects.
Made into powder or pill
San Qi Pian
Dispersing blood stasis to stop bleeding, reducing swelling and relieving pain. For hemoptysis, hematemesis, epistaxis, hematochezia, metrorrhagia, chest and abdomen tingling pain, traumatic bleeding, tumbling and swelling pain.
San Qi Shang Yao Pian
San Qi Shang Yao Pian is a blood-activating and stasis-removing agent. In the formula, elderberry and drynaria invigorate blood circulation and continue injury, dissipate blood stasis and relieve pain, tonify kidney and strengthen bones; Aconitum aconitum and Artemisia annua expelling wind and dampness, warming the meridian and relieving pain; borneol clears away heat and relieves pain, and can be used as a warming medicine for dryness and strong injury of yin. Compatibility of all prescriptions plays the merit of relaxing tendons and promoting blood circulation, expelling wind and dampness, dissipating blood stasis and relieving pain altogether.
San Qi Lotus Root Egg Custard
3g P San Qi powder, 1 cup fresh lotus root juice, 1 egg. Add lotus root juice to boil, break eggs into a bowl, add Sanqi powder, mix thoroughly, add to boiling soup and cook into soup. It is used for vomiting blood due to stomach heat, dry mouth and red tongue, or ecchymosis on the tongue.
Take appropriate amount of San Qi, grind it into powder, and apply it on the wound.
How to choose San Qi?
Generally, it is better to choose those produced in Wenshan, Yunnan.
The larger the size, the better the quality. The main reason is that the older the year, the better the quality.
The color of the real San Qi is light khaki or light greenish. If the color is obviously whitish, it may be that some flour or yam powder has been mixed in, and the material is not particularly pure.
How to buy San Qi?
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