What is Gou Qi Zi?
Gou Qi Zi
(Scientific name: Lycium chinense
Miller), which is also called Wolfberry
or Lycium barbarum
, the name of Chinese medicinal materials. It is the dry ripe fruit of Ningxia Lycium barbarum of Solanaceae.
Functions and indications are nourishing the kidney, nourishing the lung, nourishing the liver, and improving eyesight. Control liver and kidney yin deficiency, soreness of the waist and knees, dizziness, dizziness, blurred vision and tears, consumptive cough, thirst, nocturnal emission.
Wolfberry is moisturizing, sweet and tonic, flat and warm, and belongs to the liver, kidney, and lung meridians. It is good at nourishing the liver and kidney and improving eyesight, treating liver and kidney yin deficiency and vision loss; it can nourish lung yin and relieve cough, and treat cough due to yin deficiency.
Types of Gou Qi Zi
Ningxia wolfberry are red, full of grain, crystal clear and ruddy, sweet in taste, rich in wolfberry flavor, most of the fruit are oval or egg-shaped, depending on the environment, and the flowering period is from May to October.
Chinese wolfberry are generally egg-shaped, and the color of wolfberry is red. As it grows, it slowly becomes oblong, and its flesh is red. Generally, the taste of Chinese wolfberry is sweet first and then bitter, and the fruit is relatively large.
The leaves of the northern wolfberry are more like lanceolate, and the fluff at the bottom of the flower that blooms is relatively sparse. The northern wolfberry can be made into tea, or used as a green plant in the garden for viewing.
Xinjiang wolfberry is big, thick and sweet, and Xinjiang wolfberry is directly dried in the sun without drying. Although the color is not very red, Xinjiang wolfberry has more authentic wolfberry flavor without artificial drying.
Growth environment of Gou Qi Zi
Gouqizi grows on gully cliffs and hillsides or on irrigation ridges and along water canals, as well as on hillsides and sunny and dry places in fields. Both wild and cultivated.
Gouqizi is distributed in Northwest, North China and other places. It is also cultivated in other areas. Mainly produced in Ningxia, Qinghai, Gansu, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang.
Ningxia wolfberry has strong adaptability. The main production area is Zhongning County, Ningxia. The annual average temperature is 9.2°C. Freeze damage. Hi light. The soil requirements are not strict, and it is resistant to salt and alkali, fertilizer, drought, and is afraid of water damage. It is advisable to cultivate in fertile, well-drained slightly acidic or neutral light loam soil. The salt content of saline-alkali soil should not exceed 0.2%. It is not suitable for cultivation in strongly alkaline, clay loam, paddy fields, and swamp areas.
Processing methods of Gou Qi Zi
Collection and processing
Harvest when the fruit is red in summer and autumn, dry with hot air to remove the stem, or dry until the skin is wrinkled, then dry in the sun to remove the stem.
Take the original medicinal materials, remove impurities and residual stalks. Mash when used.
Take clean wolfberry, put it in a pot, stir-fry over low heat until there are scorched spots, take it out and let it cool.
Gou Qi Zi TCM
Dried ripe fruit of Lycium barbarum L.
Return liver, kidney channel.
Nourishes the kidneys, nourishes the lungs, nourishes the liver, and improves eyesight.
Control liver and kidney yin deficiency, soreness of the waist and knees, dizziness, dizziness, blurred vision and tears, consumptive cough, thirst, nocturnal emission.
Traits and characteristics
Gouqizi is spindle-like or oval, 6-20mm long and 3-10mm in diameter. The surface is dark red or red, with small protruding style scars at the top and white fruit stem scars at the base. The peel is flexible and shrunken; the flesh is fleshy and soft. Seeds 20-50, kidney-like, flat and warped, 1.5-1.9mm long, 1-1.7mm wide, light yellow or brownish yellow on the surface. Slight gas, sweet taste.
Oral administration: decoction, 2-4 qian; decoct ointment, steep in wine or into pills or powder.
Contraindicated for those with exogenous pathogenic excess heat, spleen deficiency with dampness and diarrhea.
(1) "Materia Medica Classics": Do not enter if the spleen and stomach are weak and diarrhea occurs from time to time.
(2) "Compendium of Materia Medica": Do not enter if the spleen and stomach have cold phlegm and cold addiction.
(3) "Hen Jing Feng Yuan": People with no Yuan Yang Qi decline, Yin deficiency and slippery people should use it with caution.
(4) "Summary of Materia Medica": Deshudiliang.
Gou Qi Zi benefits
1. Gou Qi Zi enters the Liver Meridian and Kidney Meridian, and has the effect of nourishing the kidney and nourishing the liver. It is suitable for soreness and weakness of the waist and knees, red tongue with less moss, pale complexion, mental fatigue, insomnia and dreaminess, dizziness, tinnitus, nocturnal emission and impotence caused by liver and kidney deficiency. Symptoms have a certain conditioning effect.
2. Gou Qi Zi can also moisten the lungs and relieve the symptoms of consumptive cough, lung dryness and thirst.
3. In addition, Gou Qi Zi has the effect of improving eyesight, which can improve the symptoms of blurred vision, dizzy eyes, excessive tears, and red eyes.
Gou Qi Zi side effects
Gouqizi have no obvious side effects, but excessive consumption of goji berries may cause symptoms of getting angry or aggravate the primary disease, as follows:
People with Yin-deficiency constitution or super-heat constitution, excessive consumption of Gouqizi can easily cause getting angry, which can manifest as nosebleeds, mouth ulcers, sore throat, red and swollen eyes, dry stool and other symptoms.
Aggravate the primary disease
Gouqizi contains sugar. For diabetic patients, excessive consumption of Gouqizi can easily induce blood sugar rise, which is not conducive to disease control.
Gouqizi also has a warming and tonic effect. For hypertensive patients, excessive consumption of Gouqizi is likely to aggravate the condition.
If you have inflammatory diseases, such as cold, fever, etc., if you consume too much Gouqizi while taking medicine, it will easily affect the efficacy of the medicine and delay the disease.
How to take Gou Qi Zi?
The usual dosage is 5-15g, and the specific dosage is according to the doctor's advice.
Goji berry tea
Soak water with wolfberry fruit to drink, which can nourish liver and kidney and relieve vision loss. In addition, wolfberry can also be soaked in water with chrysanthemum, cassia, schisandra, etc.
Use 150-200g of wolfberry fruit and 500ml of white wine, soak the wolfberry fruit for 15 days and take it, 10-15ml each time, once a day. It can also be mixed with traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces such as epimedium and dodder to make wine. It can be used for people with kidney deficiency, impotence, cold waist and legs, etc.
Stir-fried pork liver with wolfberry
Prepare 12g of wolfberry, slice 100g of pork liver, and cut 200g of celery into sections. First add salt, soy sauce, cooking wine, dry starch, and an egg to the pork liver and mix thoroughly.
Add wolfberry and celery and fry until cooked. It can nourish the liver and improve eyesight, and is suitable for people with dry eyes, dim eyesight, and night blindness caused by insufficient liver yin.
You can add wolfberry when stewing soup, which has the effect of nourishing liver and kidney, benefiting energy and improving eyesight.
10-20g per day, can treat dry mouth caused by decreased oral saliva secretion, and can treat dry mouth at night.
How to choose Gou Qi Zi?
Generally speaking, good Gou Qi Zi are light red, and some are light yellow. Such Gou Qi Zi are naturally brewed. If they are sulfur-smoked goji berries, they will look particularly red in color without white spots.
The fullness of the pulp
Generally speaking, naturally dried Gou Qi Zi look shriveled. The moisture in the Gou Qi Zi has evaporated, so they won't stick to your hands. If they are smoked with sulfur, they will be sticky in your hands.
The color of Gou Qi Zi after soaking in water
The color of normal Gou Qi Zi soaked in water is clear and bright, it should be light yellow, and it tastes slightly sweet. If it is sulfur-smoked Gou Qi Zi, it tastes a little sour, and there will be impurities after soaking in water.
How to buy Gou Qi Zi?
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