What is Ju Hua?
, which is also called Chrysanthemum
, the name of a traditional Chinese medicine, is the perennial root herbaceous plant of Compositae
and Chrysanthemum in Plant Taxonomy. Chrysanthemum is the dry flower head of Compositae. Chrysanthemum is evolved from some wild chrysanthemums through interspecies hybridization; the stem is multi-branched and the base is lignified; the leaves are alternate, multi-oval, with thick serrated or deeply lobed edges; flower heads with tongue-like flowers on the periphery, the size and shape vary greatly, including flat petals, spoon petals, etc.; the center is tubular flowers, which are often rare or absent; different petal shapes form different flower types, colors, and varieties. Under the inflorescence is an involucre, the ligulate flowers are mostly male flowers, the tube-shaped flowers are bisexual flowers, and the stigmas of the pistil are bifurcated.
In ancient China, chrysanthemum has many spiritual connotations. For example, chrysanthemum has the elegant title of "hermit among flowers"; The "Shou Ke" has the meaning of auspiciousness and longevity; in the poems, the chrysanthemum is used as a metaphor for a person of noble character, which symbolizes not going with the world. Chrysanthemum has a high ornamental value, and is often used as a cut flower material except for potted plants or flower beds. Some chrysanthemum varieties are available for drinking, called tea chrysanthemums; sweet chrysanthemum seedlings and petals of some varieties can be used as vegetables.
Types of Chrysanthemum
Gong Ju is mainly produced in Shexian County, Anhui Province in my country. It has not been steamed, and more of the original taste of chrysanthemum is preserved. Gong Ju is rich in vitamin A, which can relieve eye fatigue and maintain eye health. It has better curative effect on dry eyes caused by excessive eye use.
Hang Ju is mainly divided into white chrysanthemum and yellow chrysanthemum. Yellow chrysanthemum is generally used for medicine, and white chrysanthemum is used for tea. The unopened flower buds of hangbai chrysanthemum are called fetal chrysanthemums.
Chu Ju is famous for its medicinal properties, and it can be used by people with hyperactivity of liver yang, such as red eyes, swelling, pain, headache, dizziness, and eyesight.
Bo Ju is a good product among medicinal chrysanthemums. It is produced in the southeast of Bozhou along the Guohe River. It has the effects of dispelling wind and heat, relieving heat and improving eyesight.
Huai Ju is one of the "four major Huai medicines" in traditional Chinese medicine. It is mainly produced in Qinyang, Henan Province.
Growth environment of Ju Hua
Juhua can be found in various towns and villages in China, especially in Beijing, Nanjing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Qingdao, Tianjin, Kaifeng, Wuhan, Chengdu, Changsha, Xiangtan, Xi'an, Shenyang, Guangzhou, Xiaolan Town, Zhongshan City, etc. Around the 8th century, as an ornamental chrysanthemum, it was introduced to Japan from China and was admired as the pattern of the national emblem of Japan.
Juhua is a short-day plant, which can bloom early under short-day. Juhua likes sunshine, avoid shade, afraid of waterlogging, more drought-tolerant. It likes a warm and humid climate, but it is also cold-resistant. The flowers can withstand slight frost, but the growth of seedlings and the budding period of branches require higher temperatures. The minimum night temperature during the flowering period is 17°C, and it can drop to 15-13°C during the flowering period (middle and late). It likes sandy loam soil with high terrain, deep soil, rich in humus, easy to fertile and well drained. It can grow in slightly acidic to neutral soils, preferably with a pH of 6.2-6.7. Avoid continuous cropping.
Processing methods of Ju Hua
Collection and processing
Harvest in batches when the flowers are in full bloom from September to November. Pick out weeds, dry in the shade or bake, or smoke and steam and then sun-dry.
Dry flower heads of plants.
Bitter, sweet, slightly cold in nature.
Return lung, Liver Channel.
Dispersing wind and calming liver, clearing away heat and improving eyesight, detoxification and clearing away heat.
Wind-heat cold, headache, dizziness, conjunctival congestion and swelling, dim eyesight, sore carbuncle and swollen toxin.
1. But cough, not very hot body, slightly thirsty mouth: mulberry leaves 2.5 fen, chrysanthemum 1.5 fen, almond 2.5 fen, forsythia 1.5 fen, mint 1.8 fen, bellflower 2 fen, licorice 8 fen, Reed root two coins. Take two cups of water, boil one cup, and take it twice a day. ("Sangju Drink" in "Tiaodian of Febrile Diseases")
2. Swelling and poisonous furuncle: four liang of white chrysanthemum, four qian of licorice, three bowls of water, decoct one bowl, and drink with hot rice wine. ("Xiannianji" Ermiao Soup)
Use with caution in patients with qi deficiency and stomach cold, and those who eat less and have diarrhea.
1. "Compendium of Materia Medica": Wind-heat, eye pain and want to get rid of, tearing, nourishing the eyes to remove blindness, making a pillow to improve eyesight.
2. "Herbal Classic": dizziness, swelling and pain caused by dizziness, eyes are about to fall off, tears come out, skin dead muscles, aversion to rheumatic arthralgia. Take it for a long time to benefit the blood, lighten the body, resist old age and prolong life.
3. "Bie Lu": treat low back pain, remove restlessness in the chest, calm the stomach, sharpen the five channels, and regulate the limbs.
4. "Materia Medica Yanyi": There are more than 20 species in modern times, but the single-leaf flowers are small and yellow, and the green leaves are small and thin, and those that bloom when they are waiting.
Lower blood pressure
Ju Hua has the effects of lowering blood pressure, inhibiting bacteria and dilating coronary arteries. Long-term drinking can increase human calcium, lower cholesterol, and regulate myocardial function. It is suitable for elderly people and middle-aged and when preventing epidemic conjunctivitis.
In addition to smearing Ju Hua on the eyes to eliminate puffiness, you can usually make a cup of chrysanthemum tea to relieve eye fatigue. If you drink 3-4 cups of chrysanthemum tea every day, it will also have a certain effect on restoring vision.
Ju Hua is a kind of nerve tonic, which can enhance the resistance of capillaries, enhance physical strength and delay aging. Chrysanthemum has a good sedative effect, and regular consumption can make people's limbs relaxed and refresh their minds.
Clearing heat and relieving fire
Chrysanthemum tea is a good medicine for reducing fire. Drinking chrysanthemum tea in an appropriate amount can achieve the effect of clearing away heat, relieving fire and relieving summer heat.
Ju Hua side effects
For example, white chrysanthemum and Hangzhou white chrysanthemum can nourish liver yin. For the deficiency of yin caused by liver and kidney yin deficiency, dry eyes, red eyes, swelling and pain, they all have certain effects of nourishing yin and kidney, nourishing liver, improving eyesight, clearing liver, Purging fire effect. However, its nature and taste are cold and cool. If it is used in excess, it may cause indigestion, abdominal fullness, even cold pain or abdominal cold pain, diarrhea, etc.
Stomach pain, chills
Wild chrysanthemum is more bitter and cold in nature, and has heat-clearing and detoxifying effects. It has good heat-clearing and detoxifying effects on folliculitis, acne, tooth swelling, head boils, rashes, etc. If there is no such problem, using wild chrysanthemum, which can clear away heat and detoxify, may cause stomach cold and stomach pain.
Appreciating Ju Hua has been a long-standing custom among the Chinese people. From the imperial courts, official families and common people in ancient Kyoto, to the people in various cities in China today, Ju Hua fairs, Ju Hua exhibitions and Ju Hua ceremony are held every autumn. And other various forms of Ju Hua appreciation activities.
Ju Hua can be used as medicine to cure diseases, and long-term service or drinking Ju Hua tea can make people live longer.
Ju Hua Tea
Ju Hua Tea is a herbal tea made from chrysanthemum flowers. Ju Hua Tea is made through the processes of picking flowers, drying in the shade, drying, steaming, and baking. According to ancient records, chrysanthemum tastes sweet and bitter, and is cold-resistant.
Ju Hua Wine
Ju Hua Wine is a traditional wine of the Han nationality brewed from chrysanthemum flowers, glutinous rice, and koji. It tastes cool and sweet. The ancients believed that it has the effects of nourishing the liver, improving eyesight, strengthening the brain, and delaying aging. There are wolfberry chrysanthemum wine, flower cake chrysanthemum wine, and white chrysanthemum wine. During the Double Ninth Festival, Chinese folks have a traditional custom of drinking chrysanthemum wine.
Ju Hua Cake
Ju Hua Cake is one of the famous traditional cakes in Meizhou, Guangdong. Ju Hua cake has a history of more than 100 years in Meizhou.
Ju Hua Soup
Ju Hua Soup is a kind of dessert food. Boil or steam chrysanthemum, white fungus and lotus seeds into a soup, add a little rock sugar, it can relieve restlessness, benefit the five internal organs, and cure dizziness. Chrysanthemum clears the liver and improves eyesight, which has a good protective effect on the eyes.
Ju Hua Cream
Ju Hua Cream is a kind of ointment made by boiling fresh chrysanthemum flowers with water and mixing them with honey. It has the functions of dispelling wind, improving eyesight and clearing away heat.
Ju Hua Dish
" Ju Hua meat slices" made of chrysanthemums fried with pork and snake meat or boiled with fish and chicken are rich in meat, nourishing but not greasy, refreshing and refreshing, and can be used for the treatment of dizziness and wind-heat disturbance.
Ju Hua Pillow
Pillow with Ju Hua inside. Dry the chrysanthemum petals in the shade and put them in the pillow, which has a good effect on high blood pressure, dizziness, insomnia, and red eyes.
Ju Hua Knee Pads
Crush Ju Hua and wormwood leaves into coarse powder, put them into gauze bags, and make knee pads, which can dispel wind and dampness, reduce swelling and relieve pain, and treat arthritis such as crane knee wind.
How to choose Ju Hua?
Dried chrysanthemums are slightly yellow, the color of the flower center is often relatively heavy, and the color of the receptacle is green.
If you can smell a faint floral fragrance, it means that this kind of Ju Hua is not bad. And if the smell is more pungent and sour, it is likely to be smoked by sulfur, which may pose a threat to health.
A good Ju Hua feels soft and smooth to the touch. And if the texture is relatively hard and brittle, it is probably smoked with sulfur.
The color of chrysanthemum after soaking
The color of good Ju Hua is light yellow, and after a period of time, it will appear slightly light green. If the chrysanthemum turns green as soon as it soaks, it means it is a bad chrysanthemum.
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