What is Luo Han Guo?
Luo Han Guo
, which is also called Siraitia grosvenorii
or Lo han kuo
, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. It is the dried fruit of Siraitia grosvenorii (Swingle) C.Jeffrey ex A.M. Lu et Z.Y.Zhang, a Cucurbitaceae plant. Also known as Lahan Guo, False Bitter Gourd, Light Fruit Wood Softshell Turtle, Jinbuhuan, Luohanbiao, Naked Turtle, it is known as the "fairy fruit". Luo Han Guo is a rare local product in Guilin, and it is also one of the first batch of medicinal and edible materials approved by the state. Its main effect is to relieve cough reduce phlegm. The fruit has high nutritional value and is rich in vitamin C (400 mg to 500 mg per 100 grams of fresh fruit), glycosides, fructose, glucose, protein, lipids, etc.
Lo han kuo
Lo han kuo is harvested in autumn when the fruit changes from tender green to dark green, and dry at low temperature after several days in the air. It often grows in hillside forests, riverside wetlands and bushes. It has the effects of moistening the lungs and clearing away heat, relieving the throat and opening the sound, smoothing the intestines and defecating. For sore throat and aphonia, dry cough due to lung heat, intestinal dryness and constipation.
Types of Luo Han Guo
Qingpi Guo has strong plants, high yield and strong adaptability; it bears early fruit, good yield and medium quality. It is widely used in production, with the cultivated area accounting for more than 90%, and it can be planted in both mountainous and plain areas.
Lajiang Guo is cultivated from the seedlings of Longtan fruit grown in Lajiang Village, Longjiang Township, Yongfu County, Guangxi. Its fruit is oval, oblong or pear-shaped, and has wide adaptability. It is suitable for planting in mountainous or hilly areas. The plants grow vigorously and have good quality.
Changtan Guo is originally produced on both sides of Changtan along the river in Baoan Village, Longjiang Township, Yongfu County, Guangxi. It is the best quality variety among cultivated varieties. The fruit is oblong or egg-shaped, with delicate skin and sparse hair. Slightly concave, the peel has obvious fine veins.
Red hair Guo
Red hair Guo has strong adaptability, strong plant growth, and high yield. The tender vines and young fruits are densely covered with red verrucous glandular scales; the fruit is small, pear-shaped and short round.
Winter Melon Guo
Winter Melon Guo plant grows vigorously. The fruit is long cylindrical, with both ends flush, shaped like a wax gourd, and the seeds are melon-shaped; the leaves are triangular and heart-shaped, and the fruit is densely pubescent. The yield is good, and it is suitable for planting in low mountainous areas.
Cha Shan Guo
Cha Shan Guo was originally wild in the Camellia oleifera forest and cultivated through artificial selection.
Growth environment of Luo Han Guo
Luohanguo grows in subtropical hillside forests at an altitude of 300 to 1,400 meters, in humid riverside areas or in shrubs, and has certain requirements for environmental conditions during long-term individual development. It likes foggy, humidand cool. Avoid stagnant water and flooding. It should be loose, well-drained, fertile, deep and moist soil.
Luohanguo is only distributed in China, mainly in western and southwestern Jiangxi, southern Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, and southeastern Guizhou. Among them, Guangxi has the most and widest distribution, starting from Pubei County in the south, extending to Lingui County in the north, starting from Lingyun County in the west, and extending to Zhaoping County in the east. Sichuan has the largest cultivation area and is also the largest production base of Luo Han Guo in China.
Processing methods of Luo Han Guo
Collection and processing
Harvest in autumn when the fruit changes from tender green to dark green, and dry at low temperature after several days in the air.
1. Luo Han Guo baked in the traditional way. The drying method of this kind of Luo Han Guo is to put the mature Luo Han Guo fruits into the mobile multi-layer three-dimensional fruit plate rack according to the size, medium and small size, and push the fruit plate rack into the fire channel and the rotating fan , In the drying room of the circulating flue, firewood or coal is burned in the furnace, the air in the drying room is heated through the fire channel and the flue, and the temperature rises to 70°C to 80°C, and the rotating fan is turned on to make all the air in the drying room The temperature should be as consistent as possible. This method is simple and rough with low cost, so it is used by 99% of Luo Han Guo producers today.
2. The new technology adopted by some companies, they usually use microwave drying equipment, through a series of physical and chemical processes such as thermalization and puffing of the water molecules inside the Luo Han Guo through the high-frequency electric field of the microwave, so as to achieve the purpose of drying the Luo Han Guo quickly. This production method is fast, low in energy consumption, and has a high retention rate of nutrients in Luo Han Guo.
Luo Han Guo TCM
The dried fruit of the plant.
Sweet in the mouth, cool in nature.
Return lung, large intestine channel.
Clearing away heat and nourishing the lungs, soothing the throat and opening the tone, smoothing the intestines and laxative.
For sore throat and aphonia, dry cough due to lung heat, intestinal dryness and constipation.
1. Sore throat and aphonia: 1 Luo Han Guo, sliced, decocted in water, after cooling, drink frequently. ("Food Chinese Medicine and Recipe")
2. Dryness of the lungs, cough, excessive phlegm, dry throat and dry mouth: half a Luo Han Guo, 6g tangerine peel, 100g lean pork. Soak the tangerine peel until soft, scrape off the white, and then cook soup with Luo Han Guo and lean meat. After cooking, remove the mangosteen and tangerine peel, drink the soup and eat meat. ("New Chinese Medicine")
Contraindicated for those with spleen and stomach deficiency.
Luo Han Guo is oval, oval or spherical, 4.5-8.5cm long and 3.5-6cm in diameter. The surface is brown, yellow-brown or green-brown, with dark patches and yellow pilose, and some have 6-11 longitudinal stripes. There are style remnants at the top and fruit pedicels at the base. Light in body, crisp in quality, thin in peel and easy to break. The fruit pulp (medium and endocarp) is spongy and light brown. Seeds oblate, numerous, about 1.5cm long, about 1.2cm wide; light red to brownish red, slightly sunken in the middle of both sides, with radial grooves around, and grooves on the edges. Slight gas, sweet taste.
Luo Han Guo benefits
Promote body fluid and quench thirst
Luo Han Guo can quench thirst, clear heat and moisten the lungs, and can be used to treat symptoms such as lung heat cough and summer heat thirst.
Clearing away heat and nourishing the lungs
Luo Han Guo is sweet in taste and cold in nature, moistens the lungs and resolves phlegm, and has a certain effect on cough with thick phlegm, poor spitting, dry cough without phlegm, stagnation of lung heat, and sore throat.
Luo Han Guo is smooth in nature and can clear away heat and relieve fire. It can be used for lung heat, intestinal dryness, constipation, headache and red eyes. It can be used together with medicines for clearing away heat and purging fire to enhance the curative effect.
Luo Han Guo can not only refresh the mind, improve the body's immunity, prevent upper respiratory tract infection, but also prolong life if taken all year round.
Luo Han Guo side effects
Reduce gastrointestinal function
Luo Han Guo is sweet and can easily damage the spleen and stomach. Because Luo Han Guo has the effect of clearing away heat, nourishing the lungs, smoothing the intestines and laxative, excessive consumption of Luo Han Guo will accelerate gastrointestinal motility and reduce gastrointestinal function, resulting in adverse reactions such as abdominal distension and diarrhea. Generally, the symptoms of gastrointestinal discomfort can be relieved by adjusting the diet, eating more light and digestible foods, and avoiding spicy and irritating foods.
Aggravate cold constitution
Luo Han Guo is a cold food. If people with a cold body consume excessive amounts of Luo Han Guo, it will aggravate the cold and dampness in the body, and cause general fatigue, chills and discomfort. It is recommended to eat more warm foods such as red dates, longan, ginger, etc. At the same time, moderate exercise can be used to improve the side effects caused by Luo Han Guo.
Luo Han Guo contains a lot of sugar, long-term use may damage the spleen and stomach, and even affect gastrointestinal function in severe cases, causing a series of complications. Secondly, people with cold constitution, sensitivity, and nocturia are not suitable for drinking the water soaked in Luo Han Guo.
How to take Luo Han Guo?
The dosage is about 9g~15g.
Luo Han Guo Tea
Cut the Luo Han Guo in half, break it into pieces, put it in a clean teapot, pour boiling water into it, and drink it in a few minutes. Luo Han Guo is sweet, sour, and cool in nature. It has the effects of clearing heat and cooling blood, moistening lungs, smoothing intestines and detoxifying.
Luo Han Guo Slimming and Fitness Tea
Take 10 grams of Luo Han Guo, appropriate amount of honey, 10 grams of hawthorn slices, and 250 grams of purified water. Wash and crush the grosvenor fruit, wash the hawthorn, and put them in the pot together with the grosvenor fruit. Add clean water to the pot, cook it on high heat, remove the dregs and leave the juice and pour it into the cup. Finally, put an appropriate amount of honey into the cup, stir well, and drink it as a summer drink.
Cut Luo Han Guo into small pieces and cook soup with meat. After drinking, it has the effect of lowering blood sugar.
Luo Han Guo Pork Lung Soup
1 Luo Han Guo, 250 grams of pig lungs, first cut the pig lungs into small pieces, squeeze out the foam and add some water to make soup with Luo Han Guo, season and take. This prescription has the effect of nourishing lung yin, clearing throat and diaphragm.
Luo Han Guo Japonica Rice Porridge
Prepare 250 grams of Luo Han Guo and 50 grams of japonica rice. Crush the Luo Han Guo, add appropriate amount of water to decoct, decoct 3 times in total, and filter out the residue with gauze for later use. Put the japonica rice into the Luo Han Guo soup to cook the porridge. When it boils, turn to low heat and continue to cook until the rice is rotten. Add salt to taste and serve.
How to choose Luo Han Guo?
The surface of Luo Han Guo is brown, yellow-brown or green-brown, with dark spots and yellow pubescence. The more hairs on the surface of the fruit, the fresher it is. Try to buy long-shaped fruits, and it also depends on whether the Luo Han Guo is burnt or not. No whitening, no wetness, etc.
Pick up the Luo Han Guo and shake it. It is better if it does not make a sound. The material in the fruit is not connected with the shell after the fruit is dried due to the insufficient growth of the fruit. When the fruit is shaken, the free matter will hit The shell makes a sound.
Dry and flexible: Luo Han Guo bounces like a ping pong ball when lightly thrown on the table, and makes a crisp sound when the two fruits collide.
Luo Han Guo soaked in boiling water has a sweet fragrance, not bitter.
How to buy Luo Han Guo?
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