What is Yuan Zhi?
(scientific name: Polygala tenuifolia
Willd.), which is also called Polygala
or Polygala myrtifolia
, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Polygala family and the genus Polygala, with a height of up to 50 cm; the main root is thick, the phloem is fleshy, the stems are mostly clustered, erect or inclined, single leaves alternate, the leaves are papery, linear to linear Shapely lanceolate, entire, recurved, lateral veins inconspicuous. The raceme is flat and laterally born on the top of branchlets, thin and weak, few flowers, sparse; bracts lanceolate, caducous; sepals persistent, glabrous, petals purple, side petals obliquely oblong, keels smaller than lateral petals Long, with fringe-like appendages; anthers sessile, filaments filiform, narrowly winged, anthers long ovate; ovary oblate, style curved, stigma included. The capsule is round, the seed is ovoid, black, and it blooms and bears fruit in May-September.
The root bark of Polygala is used as medicine, which has the functions of calming the mind, dispelling depression and resolving phlegm. Indications for neurasthenia, palpitations, forgetfulness, insomnia, nocturnal emissions, cough and phlegm, bronchitis, diarrhea, cystitis, carbuncle and sores; it also has the effects of strengthening and stimulating uterine contraction.
Types of Yuan Zhi
Also known as: Xiye Yuan Zhi "Dictionary of Chinese Medicine". Perennial herb, 25-40cm high. Root cylindrical, slightly curved, 3-15cm long, 2-8mm in diameter. The surface is grayish yellow to light brown, rough and uneven, with branch root marks and deep transverse grooves. Crisp and easy to break, the skin of the section is brownish-yellow, and the woody part is yellow-white, which is easy to peel off from the skin. Polygala meat is in the shape of a long cylinder without xybe. Slight gas, bitter, slightly pungent, tingling throat feeling.
Siberia Yuan Zhi
Also known as: Kuangye Yuan Zhi "Chinese medicine records", Luanye Yuan Zhi "medicine material science". Perennial herb, 10-30cm high. The root length is 4~18cm, the diameter is 2~8mm, and there are 2~5 stem bases at the root head. The surface is rough, gray-brown to gray-black, rarely gray-yellow, with more longitudinal grooves and less transverse grooves, many branched roots, 2-5cm long. The quality is relatively hard, not easy to break, the skin of the section is thin, and the wood core is relatively large. The taste is slightly bitter. It is better to have strong roots and thick skin. Siberian polygala has thin meat and poor quality.
Growth environment of Yuan Zhi
Yuanzhi is produced in Northeast China, North China, Northwest China, Central China and Sichuan. Distributed in Korea, Mongolia and Russia.
Yuanzhi grows in grasslands, hillside meadows, shrubs and miscellaneous forests, at an altitude of 200-2300 meters. Like cool and cool climate, avoid high temperature, drought resistance.
Processing methods of Yuan Zhi
Collection and processing
Excavated in spring and autumn, removed fibrous roots and silt, dried in the sun or extracted from the wood core to dry in the sun.
Take the original medicinal material, remove impurities, wash slightly, moisten thoroughly, cut into sections, and dry. Or remove the heart, cut into sections, and dry. Sift to remove crumbs.
Zhi Yuan Zhi
Take a certain amount of licorice slices, or crush them properly, add an appropriate amount of water, decoct twice, combine the decoction, concentrate to 10 times the amount of licorice, add the net polygala segment, heat with a slow fire, cook until the soup is completely absorbed, take it out, dry. For every 100kg of polygala segment, 6kg of licorice is used.
Fried Yuan Zhi
Take Zhi Yuan Zhi, put it in a hot pot, fry it with strong fire until the surface is burnt black, and the inside is burnt brown, take it out, spray a little water, kill the sparks, and dry it in the sun.
Honey Yuan Zhi
Take the refined honey, add a little boiled water to dilute it, pour it into Yuan Zhi segment, mix well, and moisten it slightly, after the honey is completely absorbed, put it in a frying container, heat it with a slow fire, and fry it until it is dark yellow and slightly scorched. When it is not sticky to hands, take it out, let it cool, and use 20kg of refined honey for every 100kg of Polygala segment.
Zhu Yuan Zhi
Take Zhi Yuan Zhi, add a small amount of water to moisten it evenly, sprinkle in fine powder of flying cinnabar, mix well, and let it dry. For every 100kg of polygala segment, 2kg of flying cinnabar is used.
Yuan Zhi TCM
The roots of Polygalaceae Polygala and Siberian Polygala.
Bitter, pungent, warm.
Return heart, kidney, lung meridian.
Soothe the nerves and improve intelligence, relieve depression.
Control palpitation with fear, forgetfulness, nocturnal emission, insomnia, cough with profuse phlegm, carbuncle sore.
1. For palpitations and restlessness caused by panic, it is often used together with sedative and tranquilizers such as Fushen, Longchi, and cinnabar, such as Yuanzhi Wan in "Zhang's Medicine".
2. For anxiety, insomnia, forgetfulness, etc. caused by overthinking and internal energy consumption, it is often used together with ginseng, calamus calamus, and Fushen to replenish qi and calm the nerves, such as "Qianjin Yaofang" Kaixin San.
3. If the heart qi is deficient and cannot be transferred to the kidney, and the kidney qi is deficient and cannot be transferred to the heart, it should also be supplemented with products that invigorate the heart and kidney, such as ginseng, rehmannia glutinosa, and schisandra, etc. to communicate with the heart and kidney.
Oral administration: decoction, 3~10g; soak in wine or into pills or powder.
External application: Appropriate amount, grind into powder and mix with wine for applying.
People with yin deficiency and hyperactivity of fire, weak spleen and stomach and pregnant women should take it with caution. Dosage should not be too large, so as not to cause nausea.
Polygala root benefits
Yuan Zhi saponin contained in polygala has the effect of eliminating edema and diuresis. If it is used in combination with phenylbutazone, its diuretic effect will be enhanced, and it can dredge the stagnation of qi and blood and dissipate carbuncle. It can be used for sore swelling, breast swelling and pain.
Yuan Zhi can increase bronchial secretion, promote bronchial contents to be easily spit out, and has an expectorant effect, which can be used for bronchitis, cough with excessive phlegm and other diseases.
Sedation and hypnosis
Yuan Zhi has a sedative and hypnotic effect. Polygala enters the Heart Meridian and has the effect of nourishing the heart and calming the nerves. It is suitable for insomnia, dreaminess, forgetfulness, palpitations, and trance caused by heart-kidney disharmony.
Yuan Zhi enters the heart and spleen meridian, nourishes the heart and blood, has a pungent taste, can wake up the temper, nourish the heart and spleen, promote qi and relieve depression, and is suitable for regulating emotions.
Yuan Zhi side effects
1. Yuan Zhi can irritate the gastric mucosa and affect digestion and absorption.
2. Some patients may experience nausea, vomiting, dizziness, flushing, pimples and other adverse reactions after taking the medicine, and the patient should stop taking the medicine immediately.
3. Yuan Zhi has the effect of hemolysis, so women and children should not take it.
Polygala senega uses
When Yuan Zhi decoction is taken orally, the usual dosage is 3-10g.
Soothe the nerves and calm the mind tea
Raw materials: 6 grams each of Shichangpu and Polygala senega, 3 grams each of Poria cocos and ginseng, 5 grams of honey
Method: Put a few flavors into a cup, brew with boiling water, cover and suffocate for 15 minutes before drinking.
Efficacy: soothe the nerves and calm the will, replenish qi and nourish blood. It is suitable for those who have poor sleep at night, accompanied by palpitation and fatigue.
Egg Soup with Yuan Zhi Goji Berry and Jujube
Ingredients: 30 grams of Yuan Zhi, 30 grams of wolfberry, 10 jujubes, 3 eggs, a little salt.
Method: Wrap polygala with gauze, add 1000ml of water, boil on high heat for 15 minutes, then put the jujube and medlar heart sutra into the pot, after boiling, stew on low heat until the jujube is rotten, then crack the eggs into the pot Stir well, add appropriate amount of salt when cooked.
Efficacy: It can nourish the liver and kidney, nourish the middle and replenish qi, improve ears and eyesight, calm the mind and calm the nerves. It is suitable for people with liver and kidney yin deficiency, heart and spleen deficiency, forgetfulness, palpitations, and insomnia.
Yuan Zhi wine
Raw materials: Yuan Zhi 10 grams, white wine 500 ml.
Method: Grind Polygala, soak it in white wine, store it in a cool place, shake it once a day, and drink it after 7 days of hunger and thirst.
Efficacy: It can soothe the nerves, improve intelligence, reduce swelling and relieve pain. It is suitable for people with palpitations, insomnia, and forgetfulness. Mainly fever and gastritis. Those with stomach ulcers should not drink it.
Yuan Zhi jujube porridge
Raw materials: Yuan Zhi, 10 grams each of fried dates, 50 grams of japonica rice.
Method: First wash the japonica rice, put it in a pot and cook porridge with clean water. After boiling, add polygala and jujube kernels and cook until cooked. This porridge can be eaten as a supper in the evening.
Efficacy: This porridge calms the mind and calms the mind. It has a good effect on relieving the symptoms of palpitations, forgetfulness, insomnia and dreaminess caused by insufficient heart blood and phlegm disturbing the mind.
For external use, take an appropriate amount of Polygala senega, grind it into powder and mix it with wine.
How to choose Yuan Zhi?
Yuan Zhi meat
Dry goods, mostly broken and broken fleshy root bark, the surface is brownish yellow or grayish yellow, with horizontal wrinkles on the whole, and the thickness of the bark varies. Crisp, easy to break, yellow-white section. The smell is special, the taste is bitter and slightly pungent, without reed stems, wood cores, fibrous roots, impurities, insects, and mildew.
Yuan Zhi tube
① First-class: dry goods, cylindrical, hollow, light brown or grayish yellow on the surface, with deep horizontal wrinkles on the whole, thin skin and thick flesh, brittle, easy to break, yellow-white fracture, special smell, slightly pungent taste, 7 cm long, without wood core, impurities, insects, and mildew.
②Second-class: The difference from the first-class is that it is 5 cm long and more than 0.3 cm in diameter in the middle.
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