What is Zhen Zhu?
, which is also called Pearl
, the name of Chinese herbal medicine. This product is a seedless pearl formed in the pearl sac of pearl oysters of the pearl oyster family, pearl oyster martensii or mussels such as the triangular sail mussel
, pleated crested mussel, and anodonta dorsalis. Pearls come in a variety of shapes, including round, pear, egg, teardrop, button and any shape, among which the round shape is the best. The colors are white, pink, light yellow, light green, light blue, brown, lavender, black, etc., mainly white. The inorganic components of pearls are mainly calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate, accounting for more than 91%, followed by silicon oxide, calcium phosphate, Al2O3 and Fe2O3.
Pearls are mineral beads containing calcium carbonate produced by the endocrine action of shellfish, which are composed of a large number of tiny aragonite crystals. There are many types, different shapes and colorful colors. According to the research of geology and archeology, there were already pearls on the earth 200 million years ago. The medicinal use of pearls has a history of more than 2,000 years in China.
Types of Zhen Zhu
Natural pearls are spherical, oval, irregular spherical or oblong, with a diameter of 1 to 6 mm. The surface is off-white, yellow-white, light pink, light blue, etc., with beautiful color luster and smooth.
The shape of cultured pearls is similar to natural pearls, but the surface luster is weak. There are round sand grains or stone cassia grains in the center of the section, and a thin pearl layer on the surface. Only nacre is used as medicine. No gas, slightly salty taste.
How are pearls formed？
The mantle of the clam is stimulated by the invasion of foreign matter (sand grains, parasites). The epidermal cells at the stimulated place take the foreign matter as the nucleus and sink into the connective tissue of the mantle. The cells secrete nacre, which wraps the nucleus layer by layer to form a pearl. With foreign matter as the seed, it is called "Seed Zhenzhu ".
After the outer skin of the mantle is stimulated by pathology, a part of the cells undergo cell division and then separate, and then they are coated with the organic substances secreted by themselves, and at the same time gradually sink into the connective tissue of the mantle, forming pearl sacs and then pearls. Because there is no foreign matter as the seed, it is called " Seedless Zhenzhu ".
Processing methods of Zhen Zhu
Natural pearls can be picked all year round, mostly in December. Pick up the pearl oyster from the sea, dissect the pearl and wash it.
Artificially cultured pearls can be harvested after more than one year of cultivation after inoculation, but the quality of pearls harvested after two years of cultivation is better. The most suitable time for harvesting is late autumn, because river mussels secrete nacre mainly from April to November.
Zhen Zhu TCM
Mineral beads containing calcium carbonate produced by the endocrine action of shellfish.
Sweet and salty, cold.
Return heart, Liver Channel.
Calms the heart and calms the nerves, nourishes yin and quenches wind, clears away heat and phlegm, removes nebula to improve eyesight, detoxifies and promotes granulation.
Treatment of palpitations, palpitations, epilepsy, convulsions and convulsions, dysphoria and thirst, sore throat and chancre, eye problems, sores that persist for a long time.
①Treating palpitations and palpitations in adults, mania and trance, restlessness, and children with uncertain Qi and blood, shock when touched, or sudden and slow convulsions, epilepsy b convulsions: Zhenzhu Yiqian (ground into very fine powder), Poria cocos, Uncaria, seminal Xiaqu each - two, licorice and ginseng each six grams (fried with yellow, ground into very fine powder). The sum is even, and the longan core of the refined honey pill is large. Take one pill with ginger soup. ("Compendium of Materia Medica")
② Treat children with startled crying and night crying: one point each of pearl powder, Fulong liver, and cinnabar, and one qian of musk. The same grinding is like powder, and the refined honey and pills are as big as mung beans. When waiting to cry, take a pill in warm water; measure the size, add or subtract according to your intention. (Zhenzhu Wan from "Sanji Zonglu")
Oral administration: into pills or powders, 2-3 minutes.
External application: grind into powder and sprinkle on eyes or blow throat.
1. "Book of Materia Medica": Do not use if the disease cannot be controlled by heat.
2. "New Compendium of Materia Medica": If the internal poison of sores is not clean, use real pearls to promote muscle growth, and it will be difficult to close the mouth.
1. "Compendium of Materia Medica": Treat eye skin nebula.
2. "On the Nature of Medicine": treat the nebula in the eyes and the self-membrane. Can also drop phlegm.
3. "Haiyao Materia Medica": Mainly improves eyesight, removes face darkening, and stops diarrhea. Hezhimu treats vexation, heat and thirst, and cures black bran bean sores in children with zuotang.
4. "Rihuazi Materia Medica": peace of mind, eyesight.
Zhen Zhu benefits
Calming the mind and calming the nerves
Zhen Zhu is suitable for palpitations, irritability, insomnia, restlessness, etc. It can be used with Poria, cinnabar, amber, etc., and has the effect of calming the nerves and calming shock.
Clear heat and relieve wind
Zhen Zhu can treat convulsions, epilepsy, and tetany. They can be used together with Danxing, Shicaiming, and Uncaria, and have the effect of clearing away heat and relieving wind.
Liver and eyesight improvement
Zhen Zhu can clear away heat and detoxify, and have the effect of nourishing the liver and improving eyesight. Pearl powder is commonly used clinically to treat ophthalmic diseases such as red eyes, swelling, pain, and nebula.
Detoxification and muscle growth
Zhen Zhu has the effect of detoxifying and promoting muscle growth. Pearl powder can be used to treat cuts, abrasions, scalds, burns, eczema, chickenpox and other skin injuries, as well as oral ulcers. Because pearl powder has the effect of clearing stomach fire and reducing heart fire, it can be powdered and used externally when treating oral ulcers, and it can be taken orally to achieve the effect of treating both symptoms and root causes.
Zhen Zhu side effects
1. The medicinal properties of Zhen Zhu is cold in nature. If you eat too much, it may increase the burden on the gastrointestinal tract and cause discomfort symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain.
2. People with spleen and stomach deficiency should avoid eating Zhen Zhu, so as not to aggravate the condition.
3. The toughness of Zhen Zhu is relatively high, eating too much may affect digestion and induce discomfort symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal distension.
4. The main ingredient of Zhen Zhu is calcium carbonate, eating too much may cause stones.
Zhen Zhu uses
Zhen Zhu Fen
Take an appropriate amount of pearls and grind them into powder, mix the pearl powder with warm water and take it, it has the effects of astringent, muscle growth, skin beautification and anti-ulcer.
Soak in water
Zhen Zhu Xiao Yin
Raw materials: 0.3 grams of Zhen Zhu Fen, 10 grams of Glauber's salt.
Preparation method: Grind 0.3 grams of pearl powder into fine powder, pour 10 grams of Glauber’s salt into a bowl of warm boiled water, and drop the pearl powder once.
Function: heat-clearing and promoting law is suitable for high fever.
Made into powder or pill
Zhen Zhu An Chuang Wan
Raw materials: dandelion extract, mountain bean root extract, licorice, pearl layer powder, honeysuckle, etc.
Function: Anti-inflammatory and detoxification. Clearing away heat and dampness. Clears liver and eyesight. sensitive skin. Suitable for acne, acne, pimples, pimples and dull rough skin.
Prepare appropriate amount of Zhen Zhu, yam, aloe, rice, wash the aloe, peel and cut into pieces, grind the pearls, wash the rice, put rice and appropriate amount of water in the casserole, boil it, put pearl powder, aloe, yam, and cook thick Thick and ready to eat.
Pearl layer powder millet porridge
Ingredients: 1 gram of pearl layer powder, 1 spoon of honey, and appropriate amount of millet.
Preparation method: boil millet porridge, then add pearl layer powder and honey, mix well and serve.
Dosage: 2 doses a day, 1 time in the morning and 1 time in the evening.
Function: invigorating the spleen, nourishing the heart, calming the nerves, suitable for heart palpitations.
Put the pearl powder and tea leaves into a cup, brew with boiling water, and swallow the pearl powder with tea stains. It has the functions of skin care, youthfulness and beauty, and is suitable for skin that is initially brittle.
Every time you cook or make soup, you can add 0.3 grams of Zhen Zhu Fen after adding vegetables. Taking it for a long time can beautify the skin, but do not fry it.
External application of pearl powder has the effects of nourishing the skin, skin care, promoting muscle growth and astringing sores.
How to choose Zhen Zhu?
Zhen Zhu is spherical, oblong or rod-shaped, 1.5-8 mm in diameter, off-white, light pink, light yellow-green or light blue in surface, translucent, smooth or slightly concave-convex, with special color luster. Called "light pearl", the texture is hard, the broken surface shows concentric layer patterns, and some have a little foreign matter in the center, odorless and light taste.
A spherical object made by crushing and grinding materials such as shells or marble
Shellfish and ore products are mostly round or oblate and relatively uniform in size, with a diameter of about 2-4 mm. The surface is off-white, slightly rough, with a silvery luster, dull and dull, heavy, hard, and difficult to break. The broken surface is clean white or granular, without concentric layer patterns, and sometimes flat texture can be seen. Scrub the surface with acetone, the luster disappears completely, it is grayish black, a few burst, broken into 2~3 petals, and the broken surface is flat.
Plastic products have uniform particle size, light body, yellowish-white surface, slightly glossy, no "pearl luster", the surface is blackened by fire, and thick black smoke is emitted, accompanied by the unique burnt odor of plastics. Scrub the surface with acetone, and the luster completely disappears, there is no concentric layer pattern on the broken surface.
Fake pearls made from mother-of-pearl
Its appearance, color, etc. are similar to mother-of-pearl, but observed by grinding slices, the layer pattern is not concentric and ring-shaped, and there is no color light. And the pearl layer powder is the powder scraped and ground from the inner surface of the mother-of-pearl, which is heavier than pearl powder Easy to sink in water. Microscopic examination shows small stone plates, but occasionally column fiber structure (brought in when scraping and grinding nacre powder), according to its medicinal parts and medicinal properties, it should be classified as mother-of-pearl. Salty and cold, it belongs to the liver heart meridian. Although the function of clearing the liver and improving eyesight is the same as that of pearls, it is better than calming the liver and suppressing yang. It is different from pearls and cannot replace pearl powder for medicinal purposes.
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