What is Bai Ji?
Bai Ji (scientific name: Bletilla striata (Thunb. ex A. Murray) Rchb. f.), which is also called Bletilla striata, is a ground herbaceous plant belonging to Orchidaceae, Bletilla striata. Plants can be up to 60 cm tall. Pseudobulb oblate, sticky. The stem is strong and straight. The leaves are narrowly oblong or lanceolate, and the base is narrowed into a sheath and embraces the stem. Inflorescence with flowers, bracts oblong-lanceolate, often withered when blooming; flowers large, purple or pink; sepals and petals nearly equal in length, narrow and oblong, petals slightly wider than sepals; lip slightly shorter than sepals and petals, obovate-elliptic, white with purplish red, with purple veins; extending from base to middle lobe near top, stamen columnar, narrowly winged, slightly bowed. It blooms from April to May.
, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. It is the dry tuber of Orchidaceae white and Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Reichb.f.
It is excavated when the stems and leaves wither from September to October every year, removes fibrous roots, washes, boils or steams in boiling water until there is no white heart, sun-dries until half-dried, removes the outer skin, and sun-dries.
Types of Bai Ji
Small Bai Ji
Small Bai Ji looks similar to ordinary bletilla striata, but its plant shape and size are smaller, giving people a more compact and exquisite gardening value.
Hua Bai Ji
Hua Bai Ji is mainly distributed in Yunnan and other places in my country. Its main feature is that it blooms purple flowers, which look more enchanting. Hua Bai Ji is dried and used to soak in water for drinking. It has a fragrant taste and high nutritional value.
White Flower Bai Ji
White Flower Bai Ji is a variant of common bletilla striata. It has higher medicinal value than ordinary varieties, and it gives people a more unique visual experience. Many flower lovers keep it at home.
Yellow Flower Bai Ji
The main difference between Yellow Flower Bai Ji and ordinary varieties is that its flowers are yellow, and the fruit of Yellow Flower Bai Ji has higher nutritional value, but it has better requirements on the environment, so it is more difficult to breed Yellow Flower Bai Ji.
Trident Bai Ji
Trident Bai Ji is a common species in our life. It has strong adaptability, rapid growth and high yield. It is very suitable for potted planting. It is very good for both decorative environment and medicinal use.
Growth environment of Bai Ji
Baiji is distributed in southern Shaanxi, southeastern Gansu, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan and Guizhou. It is cultivated in Beijing and Tianjin. It is also distributed in the Korean peninsula and Japan.
Baiji is born in evergreen broad-leaved forests, oak forests or coniferous forests, roadside grass or rock crevices at an altitude of 100-3200 meters.
Processing methods of Bai Ji
Collection and processing
Bai Ji is excavated when the stems and leaves wither from September to October every year, removes fibrous roots, washes, boils or steams in boiling water until there is no white heart, sun-dries until half-dried, removes the outer skin, and sun-dries.
Remove impurities, wash, moisten thoroughly, cut into thin slices, and dry in the sun. The finished product is irregular off-white flakes.
Bai Ji TCM
Dried tubers of plants.
Bitter, sweet, astringent, slightly cold.
Return lung, liver, stomach warp.
Astringent to stop bleeding, detumescence and granulation promoting.
Used for hemoptysis, hematemesis, traumatic bleeding, sore swelling, chapped skin.
1. Chibai and watery dysentery in children: white and powder half liang, cook white porridge to adjust food. ("Food and Medicine Heart Mirror")
2. Gastrointestinal hemorrhage: the same amount of Baiji and Burnet, stir-fry and grind into powder. Take 3g per serving with warm water, 2-3 times a day. ("Zhejiang Folk Medicines Commonly Used")
Decoction, 6 ~ 15g; grind into powder and swallow 3 ~ 6g.
Appropriate amount for external use.
Bai Ji should not be used together with Chuanwu, Zhichuanwu, Caowu, Zhicaowu, and aconite.
Bai Ji irregular and oblate, with 2 to 3 claw-like branches at most, 1.5 to 5 cm long and 0.5 to 1.5 cm thick. The surface is off-white or yellowish-white, with several circles of concentric segments and brown dot-like fibrous root scars, with raised stem scars above and traces of connecting another tuber below. The texture is hard, not easy to break, the section is off-white, horny. Slight gas, bitter taste, sticky when chewed.
1. "Herbal Classic": main carbuncle, swollen and malignant sores, gangrene, injury to the yin and dead muscles, evil spirits in the stomach, wind and ghosts attack, prickly heat slows down.
2. "Materia Medica Fengyuan": Harvested in white and astringent in nature, it gets the Qi of autumn gold, so it can enter the lungs to stop bleeding, promote muscle regeneration and treat sores.
Bai Ji benefits
Convergence to stop bleeding
Bai Ji can relieve the symptoms of lung and stomach bleeding such as hemoptysis, hematemesis, and hemoptysis. In modern clinics, it is often used as an adjuvant treatment for tuberculosis, peptic ulcer and other diseases.
Detumescence and muscle growth
Bai Ji has a certain conditioning effect on chapped skin, sores and swelling. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Baiji decoction can significantly shorten the bleeding and coagulation time.
Bai Ji side effects
Bai Ji must be used according to the doctor's advice, and it cannot be used for a long time or in large doses. The harm and side effects of long-term use may cause skin symptoms and gastrointestinal symptoms.
Bai Ji can astringe and stop bleeding, long-term use may cause blood stasis, manifested as sublingual bruising, skin petechiae, and ecchymosis.
Bai Ji is cold in nature, and if used for a long time, it will affect the function of the spleen and stomach, affect digestion, and cause symptoms such as loss of appetite, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
How to take Bai Ji?
Take an appropriate amount of Bai Ji, put it into a casserole, add an appropriate amount of water, boil for 20 minutes, and then drink the juice.
Prepare an appropriate amount of bletilla striata, grind it into powder, and swallow it directly. In addition, it can also be taken with warm water.
Prepare the right amount of millet, glutinous rice, and Bai Ji. Grind Bletilla striata into powder for later use. Wash the millet and glutinous rice, put them into a pot, add some water and bletilla striata powder, cook for 40 minutes and serve.
Soak in water
Bai Ji Honey Water
Take an appropriate amount of honey and fresh Bai Ji, and prepare a dry glass jar. Put honey and fresh bletilla striata into a glass jar and stir well. Cover and store airtight for about 15 days. When the honey and fresh bletilla striata are fully mixed, they can be taken out and eaten.
Bai Ji Pork Rib Soup
120 grams of Bai Ji, 120 grams of lean pork ribs, 100 grams of coix seed, 100 grams of mung beans or black beans, 300 grams of wax gourd, 10 grams of wolfberry.
Soak coix seeds and beans for 4 hours, peel and cut winter melon into pieces, then put all the ingredients into boiling water, simmer for half an hour on medium heat, then turn to low heat and simmer for another 20 minutes, add a little salt to taste 5 minutes before turning off the heat can.
Bai Ji Tofu Soup
Baiji 30 grams, Radix Ophiopogon japonicus 9 grams, Licorice 9 grams, Tofu 250 grams.
Cut the tofu into cubes, put Baiji, Ophiopogon japonicus, licorice, etc. into gauze bags, put them together with the tofu cubes in a casserole, add water and simmer for 30 minutes, remove the medicine bag, add seasoning, and boil for a while.
How to choose Bai Ji?
Genuine Baiji - Baiji original medicine (wild, mainly produced in Guizhou), claw-shaped, with 2~3 branches at most, off-white or yellowish-white on the surface, with several circles of concentric links and brown dot-like fibrous root scars, with raised stem scars on the top and traces of connecting another tuber below, hard quality , not easy to break, the section is white and horny. Bitter, sticky when chewed.
Counterfeit Baiji - Water Baiji
The surface is yellow to yellowish brown, more shrunken, and the cross-section is more fibrous, non-sticky when chewed, and light in quality.
Counterfeit Baiji - Shegan processing film
The surface is yellowish-brown or brown, and the remaining fibrous roots and fibrous root scars can be seen. The texture is hard and the cross-section is cutin-like. Slightly bitter taste, no stickiness when chewed.
How to buy Bai Ji?
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