What is Bi Ba?
(scientific name: Piper longum L.), which is also called Piper longum
or Long pepper
, is a plant of the family Piper and the genus Piper. Perennial climbing vines, several meters long; leaves papery, ovoid or almost kidney-shaped, apex abruptly contracted with a short acuminate or upper part with short acuminate to acuminate, base broadly cordate, covered with poles on both sides along the veins Fine powdery pubescence, dense and conspicuous on the back, veins emerge from the base, petiole length is different, leaf sheath is longer than petiole. Flowers unisexual, dioecious, total pedicel very fine powdery pubescent; inflorescence rachis glabrous; bracts nearly round, anthers elliptic, filaments very short. The ovary is ovoid, the lower part of the berry is embedded in the inflorescence rachis and connate with it, the upper part is round, and it blooms from July to October.
The ear of Piper longum is an important medicine for analgesia and invigorating the stomach. It is pungent in taste and hot in nature. It is used for abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, nervous headache and toothache caused by cold stomach.
Growth environment of Bi Ba
Biba is distributed in China, Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and Malaysia; in China, it is distributed from southeast to southwest of Yunnan, and cultivated in Guangxi, Guangdong and Fujian.
Biba likes fertile soil and loose hillsides. It grows in low valleys, river valleys and humid hot areas on the edge of basins at an altitude of 200-1000 meters. The flowering period of Biba is July-October. The absolute low temperature in winter can survive the winter safely at -3°C. It grows tall and slender in the shade of the forest, with few flowering and fruiting results; in sunny places, the plants are shorter, but more flowering and fruiting.
Processing methods of Bi Ba
Collection and processing
Bi Ba is the immature fruit ear of Piper longum. From September to October, the fruit is picked when it turns from yellow to black, and dried in the sun. Pick out impurities, remove handles, sieve dust, and smash when used.
Pick out impurities, remove handles, sieve dust, and smash when used.
"Lei Gong Pao Shao Lun": For all envoys (Bi Ba), remove the head first, soak it in vinegar overnight, dry it, and scrape off the skin with a knife to make it clean, so as not to hurt the lungs and make people feel angry.
Bi Ba TCM
The immature fruit ears of Piper longum.
Return spleen, stomach, large Intestine, lung, bladder, liver, kidney meridian.
Warming middle and dispelling cold; lowering qi to relieve pain.
Main cold and abdominal pain; vomiting; diarrhea; headache; toothache; nasal sinusitis; coronary heart disease angina pectoris.
Traits and characteristics
Bi Ba is cylindrical, slightly curved, composed of many small berries, 1.5-3.5cm long and 0.3-0.5cm in diameter. The surface is dark brown or brown, with small protrusions arranged obliquely and neatly, and the peduncle remains or falls off at the base. Hard and brittle, easy to break, irregular cross-section, granular. Small berries spherical, about 0.1 cm in diameter. It has a specific aroma and a spicy taste.
Oral administration: decoction, 1-3g; or into pills or powder.
External application: Appropriate amount, powdered into XIU nose; or put into the caries hole as a pill, or soaked in wine and rubbed on the affected area.
It is contraindicated for those with excessive heat and stagnant fire, and those with excessive fire due to deficiency of yin.
1. "Materia Medica Yanyi": Take more to vent the true energy, which makes people feel weak and heavy.
2. "Compendium": Dissipates pungent heat and activates the fire of the spleen and lungs. Multi-use can make people dizzy, especially unsuitable for food.
1. "Compendium": Piper longum, is the key medicine for headache, nasal sinusitis, and toothache, and its pungent heat can enter the Yangming Channel to dissipate floating heat.
2. "Materia Medica": Piper longum, its taste is pungent, and it must be used with the sweet and warm tonics of ginseng, surgery, return, and ground for special effect.
3. "Compendium of Materia Medica": Piper dial, big pungent and hot, taste like pepper, enter the stomach and large intestine, and it is also a yangming medicine. Warming the middle and dispelling cold, dispelling stagnant qi, opening stagnation, lowering qi and removing phlegm, and dispersing superfluous heat in the upper burner. All toothaches, headaches, acid swallowing and other diseases that belong to Yangming damp fire can be treated with this method.
Bi Ba benefits
Piper longum is the dry near-ripe or mature fruit ear of Piper longum. Hard and brittle, easy to break, irregular cross-section, granular. Spicy in taste, hot in nature, returns to stomach and large intestine meridian. It has the effects of warming the middle and dispelling cold, lowering Qi and relieving pain.
Warm the middle and dispel cold
Bi Ba is pungent in taste, hot in nature, returns to the stomach and large intestine meridian, and has the effect of warming the middle and dispelling cold.
Lower Qi to relieve pain
Bi Ba has the effect of lowering Qi and relieving pain, and can treat migraine, vaginal hernia, nasal sinusitis, toothache, etc.
Bi Ba side effects
Strong drug effect
Bi Ba is a warm medicinal material, but it is best not to use it for many people, especially those with a bad stomach. Because its medicinal effect is basically absorbed by the stomach to regulate the body. People with poor stomach function must not be able to withstand such a powerful medicinal effect and will damage their stomach. Health effects, so be cautious when taking Piper Long.
Those who are physically weak should not take Piper longum
Bi Ba is absorbed by the stomach, and the stomach is in charge of the body's deficiency, cold, and heat. Piper longum is gentle in nature but can dissipate the vigorous fire in the human body. It will also let the fire of the spleen and lungs dissipate, and the body will be weak every day. For friends who are already weak, they will become weaker after taking Pilong longum. This will have a great impact on health, and everyone should avoid it.
Do not take longan for a long time
Be careful when taking Bi Ba, and avoid taking it for a long time. Some people want to use Pilong longum for treatment no matter what symptoms they have because they have tasted the medical effects of Pilong longum. Therefore, they have formed a vicious habit of taking Pilong longum for a long time. But generally this kind of medicine is strong, and it is the traditional Chinese medicine that regulates the internal circulatory system, which is most likely to hurt the liver and stomach. Therefore, long-term use of Piper longum will also cause side effects of Piper longum, which will cause harm to the stomach, spleen and lungs of the human body. As the saying goes, medicine is three-point poisonous, so Piper longum cannot be taken blindly for a long time. It is recommended to take it under the guidance of a doctor, otherwise it will easily affect your health.
Bi Ba uses
Made into powder or pill
Prepare the Bi Ba and Pollen according to the proportion, grind them into fine powder, add honey, and make pills the size of phoenix seeds, and take them on an empty stomach to treat irregular menstruation in women.
Bi Ba Porridge
Piper longum 3g, pepper, dried ginger, betel nut, osmanthus heart 3g each, corn 100g, boil into porridge.
Bi Ba Carp Slimming Soup
Ingredients: 1000 grams of fresh carp, 15 grams of Sichuan pepper, 5 grams of Piper longum, ginger, coriander, cooking wine, green onion, monosodium glutamate, vinegar, and a little salt.
1. Remove the scales and viscera of the carp, wash and cut into small pieces; wash the scallion and ginger, smash and cut into sections for later use.
2. Put Bi Ba, Sichuan pepper, carp, and onion into the pot together, add appropriate amount of water, bring to a boil with strong fire, switch to slow fire and simmer for about 40 minutes, then add a little coriander, cooking wine, salt, vinegar, and monosodium glutamate , Eat fish and drink soup.
Efficacy: This soup uses oozing water and dampness to reduce swelling and achieve the purpose of lightening the body.
Lamb Soup with Bi Ba Chen Pi Dang Gui
Ingredients: 500 grams of mutton, 30 grams each of Chinese angelica, Atractylodes macrocephala, and dried tangerine peel, 15 grams each of Bi Ba and paojiang, appropriate amount of salt, pepper, and cooking wine.
Method: Cut the mutton into pieces; grind other medicines into powder, cook with the mutton, add cooking wine and pepper and cook until the mutton is cooked, add salt to taste and serve. Take as you please.
Efficacy: promoting qi, relieving cold, relieving pain. It is suitable for symptoms such as testicular pain, low abdomen and two flanks caused by pain, cold pain in trusted subordinates, and no desire to eat or drink.
Take Bi Ba, Cyperus cyperi, and garlic in equal portions, make cakes with a pestle, put them in a cloth bag and paste them on the fontanel.It can treat runny nose.
How to choose Bi Ba?
Genuine Bi Ba
The ear is cylindrical, slightly curved, 2 to 4.5 cm long, and 5 to 8 mm in diameter. The total fruit stalks have fallen off. The surface is dark brown, and it is composed of many small achenes, arranged tightly and neatly, forming small interlaced protrusions. The small achene is slightly spherical, bracted, about 1 mm in diameter; hard, reddish in section, white in endosperm; it smells of a specific aroma, and tastes spicy, similar to pepper.
Counterfeit product: the fruit ear of Peperaceae plant Falconium (scientific name: Piper sarmentosum Roxb.).The appearance is oblong, 0.8-2 cm long, 0.4-0.8 cm in diameter, shorter than the genuine product, the base is almost stalkless, the surface is dark brown or yellowish brown, and there are also many small ovate or spherical berry protrusions, but the arrangement is irregular Neat, with no bracts on the surface; hard and brittle, easy to break, and spherical reddish-brown seeds can be seen on the cross section; there is no special aroma of genuine Piper longum, only slightly fragrant, and the spicy taste is not as good as genuine ones, and there is no tongue numbness Feel.
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