What is Nuo Mi?
, which is also called Sticky rice
, which is the shelled seed kernel of grass rice (glutinous rice
). According to the color of chaff and rice, it can be divided into red and white, and also divided into hairy and hairless. It is cultivated all over the country. The hometown of glutinous rice in China is located in Dazhou City, Sichuan Province.
Sticky rice is milky white, opaque, or translucent, and sticky. It is divided into two types: indica glutinous rice and japonica glutinous rice. In southern China, it is called glutinous rice, while in northern China, it is often called Jiangmi. Glutinous rice is also the main raw material for brewing fermented glutinous rice (sweet rice wine) rice wine in the southern region. Glutinous rice contains protein, fat, sugar, calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, niacin and starch. According to traditional Chinese medicine, glutinous rice is warm in nature and sweet in taste, enters the lung and spleen meridian, has the functions of tonifying deficiency, nourishing blood, invigorating the spleen and warming the stomach, and is a mild tonic.
Types of Sticky rice
Indica Sticky rice
Also called long Sticky rice. Oblong, slightly flattened, 4-5mm long and 1.5-2mm wide. One end is blunt and round, and the other end is skewed, showing traces of embryo shedding. The surface is pale white, opaque and smooth. The texture is hard and the cross section is floury. After steaming, it has strong toughness and luster. Slight gas, sweet in the mouth. Growing in the south, because of the climate, two or three seasons can be harvested each year.
Japonica Sticky rice
Also called round Sticky rice. The grains are short and round, 3-4mm long and 1.5-2.5mm wide. I have the same long seed type. Microscopic identification of powder characteristics: starch grains are single grains and compound grains. Most of the single-grain starches are polyhedrons, the umbilical point and layer pattern are not obvious, and a few are round or hemispherical. Compound starch has many granules. Round glutinous rice grows in the north, where the climate is colder, so only single crop rice can be harvested.
Growth environment of Nuo Mi
Nuomi is cultivated all over the north and south of my country. The hometown of glutinous rice in China is located in Dazhou City, Sichuan Province.
Nuomi likes the leeward sunny position, convenient drainage and irrigation, good light and heat conditions, medium-to-high fertility, and fields free of diseases and insect pests.
Processing methods of Nuo Mi
Collection and processing
When the maturity of Nuo Mi reaches 95%, it is necessary to seize the opportunity to harvest when it is sunny, so as to avoid over-ripe grain loss and germination on the ear in case of rain, which will affect the yield and rice quality.
Nuo Mi TCM
The seed kernel of Gramineae rice (glutinous rice).
Return spleen, stomach, lung meridian.
Tonify the middle and replenish qi.
Diabetes thirst, excessive urination, spontaneous sweating, and diarrhea.
①Treatment of three thirst-quenching benefits: Divide glutinous rice (scrambled and popped), mulberry root and white skin (thick ones, finely chopped). Every time you use a scale or two, take a large bowl of water, boil half a bowl, and drink when you are thirsty, regardless of time. ("San Yin Fang" Plum Blossom Soup)
② Control spontaneous sweating: glutinous rice, wheat bran (same fried). For the end, take three qian per serving, drink it with rice, or cook pork for order. ("Outline")
③Treatment of long-term diarrhea and food reduction: one liter of glutinous rice. Soak in water overnight, drain, stir-fry slowly, grind and sieve, add one or two Chinese yams. Use half a cup every morning, add two spoons of granulated sugar, a little pepper powder, and eat it with extremely boiling soup. ("Liu Changchun's Experienced Prescription")
Oral administration: decoction, 1-2 liang; or into pills or powder.
External application: powdered for applying.
"Compendium": It is suitable for those with spleen and lung deficiency and cold. If you have a history of phlegm-heat wind disease, and spleen disease that cannot be transferred, eating it will most likely cause the disease to accumulate.
① "Ren Zhai Zhi Zhi Fang": Use glutinous rice for acne, whichever is used to detoxify, and it can be brewed to cause it.
② "Compendium": Glutinous rice is warm in nature, but it is hot when brewing wine, especially when it is boiled. Meng Shen, Su Song, or those who say that they are cool in nature and cold in nature, are absurd. "Bie Lu" has said that they are warm in the middle and hard in the stool, which makes people feel hot. Is it cold? People who are cold and ventilated can eat it when they are fried. Stop, the elderly who urinate frequently, make cakes or balls for night food, it can be tested to warm the lungs and spleen. Acne syndrome is used, also take this meaning.
③ "Hen Jing Feng Yuan": glutinous rice can nourish the spleen and lungs, but it can be ground into rice flour, which is not sticky, and can facilitate urination, so that the lungs can be nourished and the qi can go down. If it is made into cakes, the sex will be difficult to transform, and patients should not eat it.
Nuo Mi benefits
Strengthen the spleen and warm the stomach
Nuo Mi is warm in nature, has the effect of invigorating the spleen and warming the stomach, and has a certain conditioning effect on abdominal distension, diarrhea, loss of appetite, nausea and other diseases.
Replenishing qi and tonifying deficiency
Moderate consumption of Nuo Mi can also play a role in replenishing qi and tonifying deficiency, and can improve the symptoms of shortness of breath, weakness and sweating caused by qi deficiency.
Nuo Mi is rich in protein, calcium, vitamins, etc., which can enhance immunity. The niacin contained in it can promote iron absorption, benefit the production of blood cells, and prevent anemia.
Nuo Mi side effects
1. Nuo Mi is sticky and difficult to digest and absorb. It is not suitable to eat too much at one time. Eating too much glutinous rice at one time will bring great pressure to the stomach. Eating glutinous rice often will cause a great burden on the stomach, so the stomach will also be affected. harm.
2. Nuo Mi is rich in carbohydrates and sodium. Patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and hyperlipidemia should eat as little as possible.
Nuo Mi uses
Glutinous rice porridge
Wash the glutinous rice and put it in the pot, add enough water, cook it and eat it, or add an appropriate amount of sugar according to personal preference for seasoning and eat it.
Osmanthus Pumpkin Glutinous Rice Porridge
Ingredients: 200 grams of Nuo Mi, appropriate amount of pumpkin and sweet-scented osmanthus sugar.
Method: After washing the glutinous rice, soak it in water for half an hour; wash and peel the pumpkin, remove the pulp, and cut into small pieces; put the glutinous rice in a casserole, boil it on high heat, turn it down to low heat and simmer for half an hour, then put in the pumpkin, Continue to simmer on low heat, stir a few times with a spoon to prevent sticking to the pan, simmer for about half an hour until the rice soft melon is rotten, add an appropriate amount of sweet-scented osmanthus sugar, and stir well.
Sweet-scented osmanthus pumpkin glutinous rice porridge is fragrant, light and sweet, soft and palatable, and has the effects of nourishing the stomach and moistening the lungs, nourishing qi and tonifying deficiency.
Jujube Glutinous Rice Porridge
Jujube and glutinous rice are boiled together, and an appropriate amount of sugar is added. It has the effects of strengthening the spleen and stomach, nourishing qi and blood, promoting dampness and stopping diarrhea, promoting body fluid and quenching thirst. It is more suitable for people with loss of appetite, chronic enteritis, and high blood pressure.
Zong Zi, a food made by steaming glutinous rice wrapped in zongzi leaves, is one of the traditional Chinese festival foods. Zongzi, as one of the traditional foods with the deepest historical and cultural accumulation in China, has spread far and wide. The custom of eating rice dumplings during the Dragon Boat Festival has been popular in China for thousands of years, and even spread to East Asian countries.
Lo Mei Fan
Ingredients: red bean, coix seed, sticky rice, melon seeds, cucumber diced in appropriate amount.
1. Rinse the red beans and coix seed with water, put them in the pot and steam for 20 minutes
2. Then add a little glutinous rice and melon seeds, add water and steam until cooked, sprinkle with diced cucumber and serve immediately.
Osmanthus lotus root with sticky rice
Ingredients: 1 section of lotus root, 50 grams of sticky rice, 20 grams of fresh osmanthus, 6 red dates, appropriate amount of rock sugar, brown sugar, and osmanthus honey.
Method: 1. Wash and peel the lotus root. Wash the glutinous rice and soak it in water for 2-3 hours, and add some fresh osmanthus at the same time, so that the glutinous rice has a fragrance of osmanthus; 2. Use a knife to cut off 2-3 cm from one end of the lotus root and the pedicle, and keep it as a cover. Fill the soaked glutinous rice into the lotus root; 3. After filling the glutinous rice, cover the root of the lotus root and fix the seal with a toothpick; 4. Put the prepared glutinous rice lotus into the pot, add water to cover the lotus root, and put brown sugar in it, red dates. After the fire is boiled, change to a low heat and cook for half an hour, then add rock sugar and cook for 15 minutes. In the meantime, turn the lotus root from time to time to let the taste soak in more evenly; 5. Take out the cooked glutinous rice lotus root and let it cool for a while, then slice it, and put some sweet-scented osmanthus honey on it after putting it on the plate, for a better taste.
Sticky rice cake
Ingredients: 400 grams of Nuo Mi, 100 grams of cooked soybean powder, and 50 grams of brown sugar.
Method: 1. Soak the glutinous rice in advance. 2. After the glutinous rice is soaked, put it in a steamer and steam it for about 1 hour until it is fully cooked. 3. When steaming glutinous rice, put the brown sugar into the milk pot, then pour in half a bowl of water, cook the brown sugar juice until it becomes thick. 4. After the glutinous rice is steamed, take it out and use a rolling pin to pound it into balls. Pound until the glutinous rice balls are as sticky as possible, until no complete rice grains can be seen. 5. When eating, grab a piece of glutinous rice and knead it into a ball, then put it into the cooked soybean flour, let the surface be covered with soybean flour, and finally pour brown sugar juice on it to start.
Glutinous rice powder
1. Applying sticky rice powder to the face has the effect of whitening, rejuvenating and exfoliating. Glutinous rice flour has adhesion and can play a role in exfoliating. It can also be applied to the face with glutinous rice pulp extract, which can have the effect of whitening and rejuvenating the skin.
2. Combining sticky rice powder, pearl powder and honey to apply to the face, massage can also enhance the effect of shrinking pores and removing freckles. It is recommended that patients test whether there is an allergic reaction behind the ear when using it.
How to choose Nuo Mi?
High-quality Nuo Mi grains are complete and full, and if you pick up a handful at random, they should be relatively uniform in size. However, poor-quality glutinous rice will have different lengths, and even a lot of broken rice.
High-quality glutinous rice is generally milky white or waxy white. The difference from rice is that it is opaque and has a shiny surface. If you find that the glutinous rice looks yellow, it means that the glutinous rice has become moldy. If you find that some rice grains in the glutinous rice are translucent, it may be mixed with rice.
For many tonics, the longer the age, the higher the nutritional value, and the new Nuo Mi is better, the longer the time, the higher the nutrient loss, so if you find horizontal lines in the middle of the glutinous rice, it means that this glutinous rice is placed The time is too long, it is not recommended to buy.
If the sticky rice is not stored properly, it is very easy to have insects, so when you choose it, you should also check whether there are small black spots in it. If there are any, it means that the glutinous rice has been infested with insects.
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