What is Mu Zei?
(scientific name: Equisetum hyemale L.
), which is also called Equisetum
, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. Alias: Qianfeng grass, file grass, pen head grass, pen holder grass, elderberry, horse ginseng, etc. Perennial evergreen herb, 30-100 cm high. The rhizome is thick and short, dark brown, grows horizontally underground, and has dark brown roots on the nodes. Stem erect, single or branched only at base, 6-8 mm in diameter, hollow, articulate, surface gray-green or yellow-green, with 0-30 longitudinal ridges, rough.
Equisetum, sweet in the mouth, bitter, flat in nature. Return lung, liver, gallbladder channel. It has the functions of dispelling wind and dissipating heat, relieving muscles, and reducing nebula. It is often used for eye clouding, wind and tears, intestinal wind and blood, bloody dysentery, prolapse of the anus, malaria, sore throat, carbuncle, etc.
Types of Mu Zei
|Mu Zei||The body is small, with 2 rows of small tumors on the ridge, and 4 longitudinal ribs on the back of the sheath teeth. Produced in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shaanxi, Gansu, Xinjiang, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan, Chongqing. The altitude is 100-3000 meters. It is distributed in Japan, the Korean Peninsula, Russia, Europe, North America and Central America.
|No tumor Mu Zei||Large in size, no obvious nodules on the ridge, and 3 longitudinal ribs on the back of the sheath teeth. Produced in Heilongjiang. It is distributed in Russia, the United States, Mexico, and Guatemala.
Growth environment of Mu Zei
Muzei grows in damp places, wetlands and streamsides under slope forests, prefers damp environments, and sometimes grows in weedy fields. Often grows in wetlands on hillsides or under sparse forests. Potted plants need to be moved indoors at a temperature not lower than 0°C in winter. Equisetum likes humidity, grows in hillsides, river bank wetlands, and likes direct sunlight.
Muzei is distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Anhui, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai and other places.
Japan, the Korean Peninsula, Russia, Europe, North America and Central America are also distributed.
Processing methods of Mu Zei
Collection and processing
Equisetum hyemale is harvested in summer, removed from impurities, and stored in the sun or in the shade.
Remove dead stems and residual roots, spray with water, moisten slightly, cut into sections, and dry. cut off segment.
Mu Zei TCM
The dried whole herb of Equisetaceae plant Equisetum.
Sweet, bitter, flat.
Return lung, liver, gallbladder channel.
Dispelling wind and dissipating heat, relieving muscles, removing nebula.
Cloudy eyes, tears in the wind, blood in the intestinal wind, bloody dysentery, proctoptosis, malaria, sore throat, carbuncle.
Mu Zei is the whole herb of Equisetaceae plant Equisetum, long tube-shaped, hollow and knotted, not branched. It is 30-60 cm long, about 5 mm in diameter, and each segment is 3-6 cm long. The surface is grey-green or yellow-green, with many longitudinal branches arranged in a straight line, densely covered with fine thorns, rough to the touch. There are tubular dark brown scale leaves at the nodes. Easy to pull out from joints. Crisp, easy to break, hollow section, with off-white or light green thin flesh inside. Born in roadsides, hillside grasses, streams, ponds and other places, harvested in summer and autumn.
Those with Qi and blood deficiency should take it with caution.
①"Materia Medica Classics": eye diseases due to anger and summer heat damage the blood, redness, swelling and pain are not his responsibility.
② "Materia Medica Huiyan": Taking it too much can damage the liver, so it should not be taken for a long time.
③ "Hen Jing Feng Yuan": multi-use can make the eyes swollen, and it is not suitable for those with chronic nebula and blood deficiency.
1. "Grass and Wood Recipe": "Air ventilation, eyesight, sharp nine orifices, cure falls, eliminate stagnation, cough and phlegm."
2. "Classification of Herbal Medicine": "Men calm stomach fire, women nourish blood energy."
3. "Tianbao Materia Medica": "Treat red and white clouds, remove wind, clear fire, dehumidify, relieve stranguria."
Mu Zei benefits
To improve eyesight
Mu Zei enters the liver and gallbladder meridians, and can dispel the wind-heat in the blood in the two meridians of the liver and gallbladder, make the blood rush up to the eyes, and play the effect of removing cloudiness and improving eyesight.
Cool blood to stop bleeding
Mu Zei tastes sweet, bitter, flat in nature, sweet can nourish dryness, bitter can relieve fire, enter the liver and gallbladder, have the effect of cooling blood and stopping bleeding, and can be used for diarrhea, dysentery, metrorrhagia, hemorrhoids and other diseases certificate.
Dispelling wind and clearing heat
Mu Zei enters the Gallbladder Meridian of Foot Shaoyang and the Liver Meridian of Foot Jueyin, and can enter the blood of the two meridians to disperse wind-heat, so it can also produce sweat and relieve muscles, ascend and disperse fire stagnation and rheumatism.
Mu Zei side effects
Affect physical fitness
Mu Zei can cool blood and stop bleeding, especially for people with physical weakness, it is not suitable to take it for a long time. If you take horsetail for a long time, it is easy to aggravate physical weakness and even faint.
Modern pharmacological studies have proved that Mu Zei also has a diuretic effect. Eating horsetail for too long will easily lead to electrolyte imbalance, hypokalemia, and hyponatremia.
Increase the burden on the liver
Mu Zei needs to be digested by the liver. Long-term consumption of horsetail will burden the liver and cause liver damage in severe cases.
How to take Mu Zei?
Put the horsetail into a porcelain jar, add an appropriate amount of water and boil it.
Mu Zei Jiawei Siwu Soup
Prescription: Angelica, Chuanxiong, Paeoniae Rubra, Rehmannia glutinosa (fried amomum), Mu Zei, and windproof.
Preparation method: File on.
Efficacy: Indications for those with cold tears in the eyes.
Made into powder or pill
Mu Zei San
Mu Zei San("Syndrome and Treatment Guidelines") is used to treat red eyes and nebula: horsetail, cicada slough, Gujingcao, licorice, herb, snake slough, and scutellaria baicalensis. Decoction in water. In the prescription, Equisetum dispels wind-heat and relieves eye shadow, which is the king medicine.
Mu Zei Zhizi Shengqi San
Composition: Slough, Cassia, Chuanxiong, Nepeta, Tribulus (stir-fried), Gujingcao, Chrysanthemum, Fangfeng, Notopterygium, Mimenghua, Licorice (broiled), Vitex, Mu Zei , Gardenia, and Scutellaria baicalensis in equal parts.
Usage: the upper part is fine powder. 6 grams per serving, take it with hot tea after eating and before going to sleep.
Indications: pterygium eye.
Mu Zei Sheep liver San
Composition: Gujingcao five qian, chamomile flower one or two, Mu Zei half qian, licorice and coptis three qian each.
Usage: The above is fine powder, 2 qian per serving, cut a piece of sheep liver, add medicine powder, broil until cooked, and take after eating.
Efficacy: clearing heat and dispelling wind, purging liver and improving eyesight.
Indications: nebula eye, red rot, swelling and pain.
Mu Zei Tongshen San
Composition: ephedra half liang (root node removed), horsetail half liang, tangerine peel half liang (dried, scraped off the white), licorice 3 qian.
Method: the above is fine powder.
Dosage: 5 qian per serving, mixed with hot wine. After drinking until drunk, wake up without pain, 3 doses are effective.
Indications: flutter injury, no broken tendons and fractures.
Mu Zei Bitter Gourd Soup
15 grams of Mu Zei, one peeled bitter gourd, after washing the bitter gourd, cut open and remove the pulp, cut into pieces, put it together with the horsetail grass, put it in a pot, add an appropriate amount of water, and simmer over low heat.
How to choose Mu Zei?
Genuine Mu Zei
1. The stem is cylindrical and thick, erect without branches, with obvious longitudinal ribs;
2. The quality is brittle, and the annular cavities can be seen to be arranged neatly in the section;
3. The stems and branches rub against each other to make a rustling sound.
The counterfeit pen tube grass
The counterfeit pen tube grass has smooth small branches on the stem, the texture is relatively soft, the annular cavity in the cross-section is not obvious, and there is no rustling sound when the stems rub against each other.
The counterfeit knotweed
The counterfeit knotweed has many branches, which seem to grow in clusters, and the stems are thin and short, which can be distinguished.
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