What is Sha Ji?
, which is also called Seabuckthorn
, Sea buckthorn
or Hippophae rhamnoides
, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. Department of Tibetan, Mongolian traditional medicinal materials. Sha Ji is the dry ripe fruit of Hippophae rhamnoides L. Sha Ji is a deciduous shrub belonging to the family Elegantaceae. 1-2.5 meters high, with many thorns, strong, terminal or lateral; young branches are brownish green, old branches are grayish black, rough; buds are large, golden yellow or rusty. Flowers open first, dioecious. The flowering period is April-May, and the fruit ripening period is September-October.
Sea buckthorn has a long history of seabuckthorn medicinal use in China. Legend has it that Genghis Khan led an expedition. At that time, due to environmental conditions, he ordered the wounded and sick horses to be thrown into the seabuckthorn forest. He passed by here again and found that the abandoned horses were not dead. From then on, Genghis Khan regarded seabuckthorn It is the panacea given by "Changshengtian", and it is named "appetizing and spleen-strengthening longevity fruit" and "sacred fruit". The roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds of seabuckthorn can be used as medicine, especially its fruits are rich in Nutrients and biologically active substances, and high in vitamin content, enjoy the reputation of "King of Vitamin C". Modern medical research shows that seabuckthorn has the functions of relieving fatigue, enhancing memory, anti-aging, enhancing physical fitness, improving immunity, softening cardiovascular and cerebrovascular, etc. effect.
Types of Sha Ji
Gyantse Sha Ji
Gyantse Sha Ji is mainly distributed in Lhasa, Gyantse and Yadong in my country's Tibet, and grows on river bed gravels at an altitude of 3500-3800 meters. The branchlets are relatively slender, brown or gray in color. Its leaves are alternate, narrowly lanceolate in shape, 30-55 mm long and 3-5 mm wide.
Mongolian Sha Ji
Mongolian Sha Ji is produced in Xinjiang, and also in western Mongolia and Lake Baikal. The lateral spines are relatively long, usually without branches. The leaves are 40-60mm long and 5-8mm wide, with blunt tips. Its fruit is round and its seeds are oval.
Chinese Sha Ji
Chinese Sha Ji is found in Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu, Shaanxi, Qinghai and other places in my country, especially in the Loess Plateau area. Its height is about 1-5 meters, with many thorns, brown-green shoots, and white scales and soft hairs on the surface.
Central Asian Sha Ji
Central Asian Sha Ji is produced in the Xinjiang region of my country, and it is also distributed in many countries in Central Asia. Its fruit is oval, 5-7mm long, and the flesh is very crisp. It usually matures in August-September.
Yunnan Sha Ji
Yunnan Sha Ji is very close to Chinese Sha Ji, except that the leaves are alternate, green on the surface, taupe on the back, and have rust-colored scales. Its fruit is spherical, 5-7 mm in diameter. It usually blooms in April and bears fruit in August-September. This variety is produced in Yunnan and Kangding, Sichuan, and is distributed at altitudes of 2200-3700 meters.
Growth environment of Sha Ji
Shji is distributed in North China, Northwest China, Southwest China and other places. It often grows on valleys, sunny ridges, dry riverbeds or hillsides, gravel or sandy soil or loess, in temperate regions at an altitude of 800-3600 meters. Its characteristics are drought resistance, wind and sand resistance, and it can survive on saline-alkali land, so it is widely used in water and soil conservation. Sha Ji is widely planted in Northwest China for desert greening.
Shaji is light-loving, resistant to cold, extreme heat, sandstorms and arid climates. It can survive on saline-alkali land, so it is widely used for soil and water conservation. Sha Ji is widely planted in Northwest China for desert greening.
Processing methods of Sha Ji
Collection and processing
Harvest when the fruit is ripe or frozen hard in autumn and winter, remove impurities, dry or dry after steaming.
Sha Ji TCM
The dry ripe fruit of the plant.
Sour, astringent, warm.
Return spleen, stomach, lung, heart channel.
Invigorating the spleen and eliminating food, relieving cough and eliminating phlegm, promoting blood circulation and dispelling blood stasis.
Sha Ji is used for insufficiency of the spleen and lack of food, abdominal pain due to indigestion, cough with excessive phlegm, chest obstruction and heartache, blood stasis amenorrhea, tumbling and bruising.
Sha Ji is spherical or oblate, and some of them are conglutinated, with a single diameter of 5-8mm. The surface is orange-yellow or brown-red, shrunken, with a residual style at the top, and short fruit pedicels or fruit pedicel scars at the base. The pulp is oily and soft. The seeds are obliquely ovate, about 4mm long and 2mm wide; the surface is shiny and brown, and the seed kernel is milky white and oily. Gas micro, sour, astringent.
1. "Four Medical Codes": It is used equally with coriander seed, Tibetan woody fragrance, and emblica. It can be used for those with weak temper or spleen and stomach qi and yin injuries, poor appetite, indigestion, abdominal distension and pain, and fatigue.
2. "Qinghai Provincial Medication Standards" Wuwei Seabuckthorn Powder: Compatible with emblica, white grape, licorice, etc., can relieve cough and eliminate phlegm.
Sha Ji benefits
Cough and expectorant
For acute and chronic bronchitis caused by various reasons, cough and phlegm caused by pneumonia, Sha Ji can be used.
Sha Ji has a certain effect on abdominal pain caused by indigestion and food accumulation.
Activating blood and dispelling stasis
For bruises caused by trauma, bruises, or bruises caused by visceral diseases, visceral diseases, especially amenorrhea caused by gynecology, it has the effect of promoting blood circulation and dispersing stasis. Modern pharmacological studies believe that Sha Ji fruit and Seabuckthorn oil have high medicinal value, which can lower cholesterol, prevent angina pectoris, and improve coronary atherosclerosis.
Sha Ji side effects
Sha Ji is a kind of plant Chinese medicinal material. If the patient is prone to allergies, he may be allergic to Sha Ji. When taking Sha Ji to treat diseases, it may cause allergies. Patients may show symptoms such as skin itching and pimples on the skin.
Increase the burden on the stomach
If the patient has physical discomfort, he does not follow the doctor's advice when using Sha Ji to treat the disease, and increases the dose of the drug privately, which may cause irritation to the gastrointestinal mucosa, causing the patient to experience gastrointestinal discomfort, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
Cause getting angry
Sha Ji is sweet in taste and warm in nature. If patients use Sha Ji for a long time to treat diseases, it will easily lead to the loss of water in the body, which will cause the patient to get angry, such as swollen gums, sores on the tongue, etc.
How to take Sha Ji?
Generally, the fruit can be soaked in salt water for 10 minutes, then washed with clean water and eaten directly, which can absorb the nutrients well.
Sha Ji Jam
Remove impurities and wash the Sha Ji fruit, squeeze the juice to clarify, filter out the clear juice, and keep the residue for use. Wash the carrots and remove impurities. Put carrots and Sha Ji pomace together and crush them, add water in a pot to concentrate the Sha Ji juice, add sugar to boil, bottle and seal.
Sha Ji Juice
After cleaning the fruit, use a juicer to drink it, or mix it with milk, etc., which is very helpful to the human body, but it is best not to drink it in large quantities, as it may cause certain irritation to the human body.
Sha Ji Sweet Water
Wash the bought sea buckthorn fruit. Then put the washed Sha Ji fruit into the pot, then add an appropriate amount of water to the pot, and start cooking the Sha Ji fruit. When the Sha Ji fruit is cooked soft, that is to say, after cooking for about 1 hour, you can add sugar and stir well.
Sha Ji Wine
Remove impurities and wash the Sha Ji fruit, drain the water, put it into a wine jar, seal the lid, and drink it after soaking for 10 days.
Sha Ji Vinegar
Pour 15kg of selected Sha Ji fruits into the tank, add 22.5kg of Daqu, stir up and down with a wooden rake, and ferment at room temperature 20°C for 15 days. Mix the fermented Sha Ji fruit with 175kg of bran, crush it with a pulverizer, put it in a tank and stir evenly, and carry out the second fermentation. In order to avoid the temperature from being too high, the tank was inverted once a day, and the fermentation was completed in about 10 days. Put the fermented Sha Ji fruit into the vinegar drench tank and drench with vinegar, then soak the vinegar residue after drenching the head vinegar for 10 hours, and then drench with vinegar for the second time. The finished product is brownish yellow, slightly turbid, with aromatic, sour and slightly astringent taste.
Sea buckthorn oil
Seabuckthorn oil contains 206 kinds of active substances that are beneficial to the human body, including 46 kinds of biologically active substances, including a large amount of vitamin A, vitamin E, flavonoids, etc., which have special pharmacological properties such as enhancing body vitality, anti-fatigue, and anti-cancer. And accelerate the repair of gastric mucosa, increase the activity of intestinal bifidobacteria, reduce plasma cholesterol, reduce the effect of cholesterol in the blood vessel wall, prevent and treat hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis, and promote wound healing effect.
Seabuckthorn oil contains a large amount of vitamin A, vitamin E, flavonoids and SOD active ingredients, which can effectively prevent free radicals and achieve anti-aging effects. Therefore, seabuckthorn is used as an important high-grade cosmetic raw material by the cosmetic industry. Cosmetic-grade seabuckthorn extracted by advanced technology Oil purity and activity are very high.
Sea buckthorn oil for skin
Seabuckthorn oil's high-temperature extract - fruit element, has become the main component of acne essence. Compared with the plant essence extracted by ordinary technology, it has richer nutritional and skin care ingredients, which contains a variety of vitamins, fatty acids, trace elements, VE and other nutrients, and the content of SOD in high-temperature extracted seabuckthorn fruit can reach 5623.0 enzyme units per milliliter, which is 6 times that of ginseng. It can block the free radicals produced by the peroxidation of substances in the skin and organize the skin premature aging, repair damaged tissue, promote tissue regeneration and upper system.
How to choose Sha Ji?
When choosing Sha Ji, choose those that are spherical or oblate.
When choosing Sha Ji, choose those seabuckthorns whose surface is brownish red or dark brown.
When choosing Sha Ji, choose those seabuckthorns with shrunken skin. Moreover, the fruit stalks of good sea buckthorn are relatively short.
How to buy Sha Ji?
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or Hippophae rhamnoides
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