What is Ren Shen?
is the root of the Ginseng
, Wujia family
. The root contains various ginsenosides. It is warm in nature, sweet, slightly bitter, and mild in taste. It belongs to the spleen and lung meridians. The Renshen
are herbs for tiredness
Morphological characteristics of Ren Shen
is a perennial herb
; the rhizome (rutabaga) is short, erect, or oblique, not thickened into a mass. Main root plump, fusiform, or cylindrical. Aboveground stems are solitary, 30-60 cm tall, longitudinally striate, glabrous, with persistent scales at the base. Leaves are palmately compound, 3-6 in whorls at the top of the stem, fewer in young plants; petiole 3-8 cm long, longitudinally striate, glabrous, base without stipules; leaflets 3-5, often 3 in young plants, thinly membranous, central leaflet elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 8-12 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, outermost pair of lateral leaflets ovate or rhombic-ovate, 2-4 cm long, 1.5-3 cm wide, apex long acuminate, base broadly cuneate, decurrent, margin serrate, teeth spiny, few bristles scattered above, bristles about 1 mm long, glabrous below, lateral veins 5-6 pairs, conspicuous on both sides, reticulate veins inconspicuous; petiolules 0.5-2.5 cm long, shorter in lateral ones.
Umbels single terminal, about 1.5 cm in diameter, with 30-50 flowers, sparsely 5-6; involucral pedicels usually longer than leaves, 15-30 cm long, with longitudinal lines; pedicels filiform, 0.8-1.5 cm long; flowers yellowish green; calyx glabrous, with 5 triangular denticles at the margin; petals 5, ovate-triangular; stamens 5, filaments short; ovary 2-locular; styles 2, free. Fruit-depressed globose, bright red, 4-5 mm long, 6-7 mm wide. Seeds reniform, creamy white.
Growth environment of Ren Shen
Ren Shen is generally born under deciduous broad-leaved forests or mixed coniferous broad-leaved forests at an altitude of several hundred meters.
|Soil||Ginseng likes sandy loam soil with loose texture, good aeration, good drainage, and fertile nutrients, preferably with sufficient phosphorus, potash, and humus, usually, with humus-rich forest soil, granite differentiated soil, and mountain yellow sand soil. The pH of the soil is generally 5.5 to 6.5. Alkaline soils with a pH greater than 7, clay loess, and gray bubble soils are not suitable for growth.
|Moisture||Soil moisture content is generally maintained at 40~50%. During the ginseng seedling emergence in spring, the soil moisture content is about 40%; in summer when the temperature rises, the moisture content is about 45~50%; in autumn and throughout the year during the growth and development period, the moisture content should be 45~50%.
|Light||Ginseng is a shade-loving plant, and a cool and humid climate is beneficial to its growth. It is tolerant of low temperatures, avoiding strong direct light and preferring diffuse and weak light.
|Temperature||When the temperature is less than 10℃ or more than 30℃, ginseng will enter a dormant state. Ginseng is afraid of high temperatures and can tolerate severe cold weather, and can be safely overwintered even at a low temperature of -30°C in winter. During the growth period, the best average temperature range is 15~25℃, when the temperature is less than -6℃, the ginseng stems stop growing. After ginseng is sown, the temperature is required to be greater than 10℃ during the emergence period; the temperature is required to be greater than 12℃ during the emergence of 1-2-year-old ginseng.
Types of Ren Shen
Ren Shen can be divided into wild ginseng, migratory ginseng, and garden ginseng according to whether it is cut and cultivated. Wild mountain ginseng, also known as mountain ginseng, is a ginseng that grows naturally in mountains and forests. It is preferred by those with large branches, full pulp, fine lines, long reeds, dense bowls, round reeds, and pearl spots. Transplanted ginseng refers to the ginseng grown by transplanting young wild ginseng in the field or young garden ginseng in the mountains. The lower part of the main root is fat, with thick and shallow lines that often continue to the middle, while the pearl spots of the fibrous root are fewer. Garden ginseng is artificially grown and is preferred to those with long bodies, large branches, and long reeds. The branch is thin and small, the reed is short, and the sugar is heavy is second.
Ginseng can be classified into Jilin ginseng, Liaoning ginseng, Korean ginseng, and Japanese ginseng according to their origins. Jilin ginseng is the ginseng produced in Jilin Province. Jilin is the main ginseng-producing area in China, due to its unique geographical environment with a cool and humid climate, fertile humus soil, and scattered sunlight. Liaoning ginseng is the best ginseng produced in Liaoning Province, among which Kuandian pillar ginseng and Shizhu ginseng (named after their respective regions) are produced in Dandong City. The Shizhu ginseng is characterized by its long body and old skin, deep veins, and pearl dots, and its active ingredients are higher than those of garden ginseng. Korean ginseng is also known as Koryo ginseng and Baekjeong ginseng. Depending on the processing method, commercial ginseng is different from Korean red ginseng and Korean white ginseng, and the red one is better. Japanese ginseng, also known as Toyo ginseng, is made from ginseng seeds from the northeast of China and cultivated in Japan. Due to the different processing methods, there are white ginseng and red ginseng.
Radix Ginseng can be divided into red ginseng, border red ginseng, white sugar ginseng, raw ginseng, white dried ginseng, pinched skin ginseng, and vigorous ginseng according to the different processing methods. Red ginseng is made by cutting off the branch roots and fibrous roots of garden ginseng, washing them, and steaming them for 2 to 3 hours until the roots are yellow and the skin is translucent, then drying them or drying them in the sun. Red ginseng is also a kind of red ginseng, which is generally characterized by a long body, round roots, and long branch roots. White sugar ginseng is also called sugar ginseng, as the name implies, ginseng soaked with sugar juice. Most of its raw materials are fresh ginseng with insufficient pulp and poor body shape. Raw ginseng is made from fresh ginseng, which is washed and dried in the sun for one day, and then smoked with sulfur. Due to the different processing methods, there are different types of Ginseng Radix, such as full-bearded ginseng and de-bearded ginseng. White dried ginseng is made from fresh ginseng roots by washing and scraping the skin and then drying. The shallow longitudinal lines and traces of branch roots can be seen on the upper end. Pinched-skin ginseng is made from the whole root of fresh ginseng which is boiled in boiling water for a moment, then the rough skin is removed, small holes are punched around it and it is soaked in sugar liquid, then it is taken out and dried until it is dry, and the wrinkles are pinched on the skin by hand and then dried. Dali ginseng is made from the main root of fresh ginseng after washing and brushing, placed in boiling water for a few moments, taken out, and dried in the sun or dried.
Ginseng oolong tea
Ginseng Oolong Tea is a rare natural and healthy drink. It has a sweet and unique taste that is endless. With the sweet taste of oolong tea and the nourishing effect of ginseng, regular consumption of this tea can not only taste the fragrance of tea but also achieve the effect of health and longevity.
Ginseng oolong tea benefits
Ginseng Oolong tea has a very different shape from ordinary oolong tea, with a smooth shape that cannot be steeped. Because of its unique brewing method, it requires a certain amount of "kung fu", so it is called "kung fu tea". Renshen oolong tea has orange and bright soup color, mellow and sweet taste, strong throat, strong ginseng flavor, and strong sweetness, which is the best of the high mountain oolong tea.
Oolong tea is between black and green tea, made by semi-fermentation of young green leaves, its color is yellow and not warm, its nature is not cold and not warm, and its taste is not light and not strong. It is called cinnamon oolong, or ginseng oolong when it is dipped in ginseng soup. It is compatible, with a young woman who is not only young but also mature, broad and patient, and has not changed her temperament.
Ren Shen Yang Rong Tang
Ren Shen Yang Rong Tang is used for treating a deficiency of Qi in the spleen and lungs, deficiency of blood and glory, palpitation and forgetfulness, sleep sweating and fever, poor appetite and tastelessness, tiredness, and thinness of the body, withered color and short breath, loss of hair, and red and astringent urine.
Herbs for tiredness
a. Ren Shen should not be taken with radish, hawthorn, tea, and quinoa, like radish, is a big downward gas food, while ginseng is a big tonic drug, the two efficacy conflicts, affecting the efficacy of each other; hawthorn breaks gas and eliminates accumulation, in the same way, should not be taken together; ginseng and quinoa together will produce toxic side effects.
b. Ginseng should not be stewed in an iron pot. Generally, the decoction of Chinese medicine is contraindicated with copper and iron utensils, usually with casseroles, ceramics, and other containers.
c. It is not suitable for people with a strong constitution, hot constitution with phlegm and dampness, stagnation, hypertension and diabetes, children and pregnant women, etc. It may aggravate the disease or affect human health.
d. Ren Seng is a great tonic for vital energy, nourishing the heart and benefiting the vital energy, which is generally effective for patients with physical deficiency. There are many contraindications to taking ginseng, so you should not take it blindly, but according to your own needs and under the guidance of your doctor.
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