What is Sheng Jiang?
(scientific name: Zingiber officinale Roscoe
), which is also called Ginger
, is a perennial herb of the genus Zingiberaceae. Leaf blade lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, glabrous, sessile; ligule membranous. The total pedicel is up to 25 cm long; the spikes are cone-shaped; the bracts are ovate, light green or light yellow on the edge, with small pointed tips at the top. Calyx tube about 1 cm long; corolla yellow-green, lobes lanceolate; labial central lobe oblong-obovate. The rhizome is used for medicine, and the fresh or dried product can be used as cooking ingredients or made into pickles and candied ginger. Stems, leaves, and rhizomes can extract aromatic oils for use in food, beverages, and cosmetic fragrances.
Ginger, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. Ginger is also known as ginger root, Gouzhuangzhi, Bailayun, Yindixin, fresh ginger and Yanliang boy. The rhizome (dry ginger), leaves (ginger leaves) and cork (ginger skin) of ginger can be used as medicine. Ginger is often used for stomach-cold vomiting, wind-cold, spleen-stomach cold syndrome, lung-cold cough, and detoxification of fish and crabs.
Types of Sheng Jiang
As a traditional Chinese medicine, ginger has the effects of dispelling cold and relieving the exterior, warming the lungs and relieving cough, and warming the middle to relieve vomiting.
Dry ginger is pungent and hot in nature. As a traditional Chinese medicine, it has the effects of restoring yang and dredging channels, warming the lungs and transforming drink, warming the middle and dispelling cold. Diarrhea etc.
Cannon ginger is a processed product of dried ginger. It has certain effects of warming the middle and relieving pain, warming the meridians and stopping bleeding.
Simmered Ginger is pungent and warm in nature, and it belongs to the lung and stomach meridian. Its rhizome can be used as medicine, which has the effect of soothing and stopping vomiting. It is mainly used to treat spleen and stomach disharmony, nausea and vomiting.
Clinically, the epidermis of ginger rhizome can also be used as medicine. It is pungent in taste and cool in nature, and belongs to the spleen and lung meridians. It has a certain effect of reducing swelling, and it is clinically used to treat diseases such as early edema and dysuria.
Wash the ginger and mash it. The juice can also be used as medicine. It is pungent and slightly warm. It has the effects of warming the middle and relieving vomiting, sweating and relieving the exterior surface, and it is mainly used to treat symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, cough with excessive phlegm, and loss of appetite.
Growth environment of Sheng Jiang
Shengjiang is widely cultivated in central, southeast to southwest China, Xianfeng Huolonglaifeng, Tongshan, Yangxin, Echeng, Xianning, Daye and other places. The ginger produced in Shandong Anqiu, Shandong Changyi, Shandong Laiwu, and Shandong Pingdu Daze Mountain is particularly well-known.
Shengjiang is native to the tropical regions of Southeast Asia. It likes warm and humid climates. It is weak in cold resistance and drought resistance. If the temperature is lower than 20°C, it will germinate slowly.
Processing methods of Sheng Jiang
Collection and processing
Excavated in autumn and winter, removed fibrous roots and sediment, sliced, and used raw.
Take fresh ginger and remove impurities. Wash and slice when used.
Take ginger pieces, place them on a smokeless stove, and bake them until they are half-cooked, or wrap several layers of ginger with straw paper, soak them and put them on the stove or in hot ashes, and simmer until the paper turns yellow and the ginger is half-cooked. Remove paper and cut into thin slices. After simmering, the effect of relieving the surface is weakened, and it is mainly used for warming the middle and relieving vomiting and treating abdominal pain and diarrhea.
Sheng Jiang TCM
The fresh rhizome of ginger.
Spicy in the mouth, slightly warm in nature.
Return lung, spleen, stomach warp.
Dispelling cold and dispelling the exterior, warming the middle to stop vomiting, warming the lung to relieve cough, detoxification.
Spleen-stomach cold syndrome, wind-cold, stomach-cold vomiting, detoxification of fish and crab, lung-cold cough.
Decoction, 3~10g, or pounded juice.
People with bleeding tendency and pregnant women should use it with caution. It should not be used together with red stone fat.
Sheng Jiang can help fire and damage yin, so it should not be taken by people with excessive heat and internal heat due to yin deficiency.
"Synopsis of the Golden Chamber": pinellia and ginger juice are both good at stopping vomiting, and it is better to use them together; they also have the effect of appetizing and harmonizing. For disharmony in the stomach, nausea and vomiting.
Sheng Jiang benefits
1. Sheng Jiang is warm and pungent in nature, and has the effect of warming the middle and relieving vomiting. It can treat spleen and stomach disharmony caused by cold and dampness, and improve symptoms such as bloating, stomach pain, loss of appetite, nausea, and loose stools.
2. Sheng Jiang also has the effect of warming the lung and relieving cough, relieving the exterior and dispelling cold, and has a therapeutic effect on cough due to lung cold, expectoration, and wind-cold cold.
3. Sheng Jiang can inhibit the reproduction of bacteria and prevent colds and digestive tract infections.
4. Patients with cold body, irregular menstruation, and dysmenorrhea can also eat Sheng Jiang appropriately.
Sheng Jiang side effects
1. The smell of Sheng Jiang is irritating and easy to get angry. If you eat too much at one time, it will easily cause sore throat, constipation, cough and other symptoms of getting angry.
2. If the patient has chronic gastrointestinal diseases and has a lot of gastric acid secretion, symptoms such as stomach pain and acid reflux may occur after eating Sheng Jiang, because ginger can also stimulate gastric juice secretion.
Sheng Jiang uses
Sheng Jiang is an economic crop with great development and utilization value. Ginger has been used since ancient times Regarded by medical scientists as a health product with the same source of medicine and food, it has multiple health functions such as dampness, dispelling cold, accelerating blood circulation and warming the stomach.
According to traditional Chinese medicine, Sheng Jiang is a product that helps Yang. Ginger has the functions of accelerating the body's metabolism and dredging the meridians.
When postpartum women are in confinement, Sheng Jiang vinegar is served with meals, which is good for physical recovery and feeding of babies.
Prevent stomach problems and increase appetite. Whether it is steamed fish for cooking or seasoning, Sheng Jiang is definitely a blind on the table. Its spicy taste can remove fishy smell and smell. Adding ginger to vegetable soup can also dispel cold and neutralize the taste.
Modern pharmacological studies have shown that ginger has antibacterial, anticancer, antioxidative, and antiaging effects. Its unique "gingerol" can effectively treat abdominal pain, abdominal distension, diarrhea, and vomiting caused by eating cold and cool food.
Modern pharmacological studies have shown that methanol or ether extracts of dried ginger have sedative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-nausea and transiently elevated blood pressure; water extracts or volatile oils can significantly prolong the time of thrombus formation; alcohol extracts and their Containing gingerol and gingerol, it has significant molluscicide and anti-schistosome effects.
How to take Sheng Jiang?
Jujube Ginger Soup
Jujube is sweet and warm in nature, has the functions of invigorating the middle and nourishing qi, nourishing blood and calming the nerves, can promote the circulation of qi and blood, and improve the symptoms of cold hands and feet. In addition, Sheng Jiang focuses on nourishing warmth, and jujube focuses on nourishing, which are also very effective in nourishing the stomach for patients with stomach problems.
Method: 10 jujubes, 5 slices of ginger, appropriate amount of brown sugar, decoction instead of tea, once a day, insist on taking.
Brown Sugar Ginger Soup
Brown sugar has the effect of nourishing and invigorating blood. Drinking brown sugar ginger soup often has the effect of beautifying. Ginger brown sugar water is also suitable for adjuvant treatment of wind-cold cold or stomach cold after raining.
Method: 5 slices of ginger, appropriate amount of brown sugar, decoct the ginger slices, add brown sugar to taste, drink instead of tea, once a day, insist on taking.
Ginger Coke has the effect of preventing cold and eliminating phlegm, increasing heat and warming the stomach. It is very effective in preventing and treating colds, and can dispel wind and cold.
Method: Boil 3 slices of ginger in 300ml of cola, stop the fire immediately when it is just boiled or close to boiling, take it out and drink it.
Wash the Sheng Jiang, slice it into a cup, brew it with hot water and let it stand for a while before drinking it.
Cut the Sheng Jiang into pieces or slices, pour the cooking oil into the pan and heat it up, then add the ginger and sauté until fragrant, then add the cauliflower and chili and stir-fry, and serve after frying. abdominal cold and flatulence.
Chop about 15 grams of Sheng Jiang, wrap it with gauze and place it next to the pillow, smell its aroma, and you can fall asleep peacefully. After 10 days to 1 month of continuous use, sleep will be significantly improved.
How to choose Sheng Jiang?
The main thing is to check whether there is any peculiar smell or sulfur smell on the surface of the Sheng Jiang. "Poison ginger" has a strong sulfur smell.
Buy with caution if there is a special flavor, the Sheng Jiang flavor is not strong, or the flavor changes.
Normal Sheng Jiang is rough, dry and dark in color. "Poisonous Ginger" is smooth in appearance, like waxed, very tender and light yellow in color. The ginger skin of "poisonous ginger" peels off more easily than normal ginger.
Generally, the shelf life of Sheng Jiang is relatively long, but after being exposed to the air, "poisonous ginger" will become moldy and deteriorate in a few days.
How to buy Sheng Jiang?
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