What is Xing Hua?
(Scientific name: Prunus armeniaca
), the name of Chinese medicinal materials, which is also called Apricot blossom
or Apricot flower
, the flower of the apricot tree, a large woody deciduous tree of the genus Prunus in the Rosaceae family. The stem of the apricot tree is tall and straight, and the plant height can reach more than ten meters. The branches are slightly upward, and the young branches are brown or maroon; the petioles of the leaves are short, and the leaves are round; Most of them are stamens; the fruit is spherical, flat with grooves on both sides, and the pericarp has fluff, about 2-4 cm in diameter, green when immature, mature in May-June, and mostly yellow or yellow with blush in the mature fruit.
Apricot flower has a very good cosmetic function for external use. Washing the face with apricot flower water often has the effect of removing freckles. Apricot blossoms contain a variety of vitamins, which help to maintain normal blood pressure. People who suffer from yin deficiency, cough and loose stools should not eat apricot blossoms. In addition, apricot blossom is the flower of Jiamusi City, which has high ornamental and greening value.
Types of Xing Hua
Deciduous small trees, 4-10cm tall; bark dark reddish brown, split longitudinally. Alternate single leaves; leaves round or broadly ovate, 5-9cm long, 4-8cm wide. In spring, the leaves bloom first, and the flowers are solitary on the branches, densely inserted, and slightly raceme; the flowers are almost sessile, the base of the calyx is cylindrical, the outside is pubescent, and the upper part is 5-lobed; the petals are 5, white or light pink, Round to broadly obovate; stamens numerous, inserting on edge of calyx tube; pistil unicarpel, inserting on base of calyx tube. The drupe is round, sparsely obovate, more than 2.5cm in diameter. Seed 1, heart-shaped ovate, light red. The flowering period is March-April, and the fruiting period is June-July.
Wild Xing Hua
The main features of this variety are that the base of the leaves is wedge-shaped or wide wedge-shaped; the flowers are usually clustered in 2, light red; the fruit is nearly spherical, red.
Mountain Xing Hua
Shrubs or small trees, 2-5m high. Leaves are ovate or nearly round, long (3-)5-10cm, wide (2.5-)4-7cm. Flowers solitary, 1.5-2cm in diameter; sepals oblong-elliptic, apex pointed; petals nearly round or obovate, white or pink. The fruit is oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, flat on both sides, the flesh is thin and dry, cracks when ripe, sour and astringent, inedible. The core is easy to separate from the pulp, and the base side is asymmetrical and smooth. The flowering period is March-April, and the fruiting period is June-July.
Northeast Xing Hua
Big tree, 5-15m high. Young branches glabrous. Leaves are elliptic or ovate, 6-12cm long and 3-8cm wide. Flowers pink or white; stamens numerous; ovary densely pilose. The drupe is subspherical, 1.5-2.6cm in diameter, yellow; the nucleus is subspherical or broadly elliptic, 13-18mm long, 11-18mm wide, rough, with blunt edges. The flowering period is April-May, and the fruiting period is July.
Growth environment of Xing Hua
Xinghua is native to China, with the Yellow River Basin as the distribution center, and are most cultivated in North China, Northwest, and Northeast China. Xing Hua is distributed all over the country, multi-line cultivation. It is wild in Yili, Xinjiang.
Wild Xing Hua is mainly produced in northern my country, cultivated or wild, especially in Hebei, Shanxi and other places, and it is also produced in Shandong, Jiangsu and other places. Mountain Xing Hua is distributed in Northeast China, North China and Gansu. Born in dry sunny, hills and grasslands at an altitude of 700-2000m.
Northeast Xing Hua is distributed in Jilin, Liaoning and other places. Born in open sunny hillside shrubs or miscellaneous forests at an altitude of 400-1000m.
Xinghua belongs to the long-sun-positive plants in the northern subtropical zone to temperate zone, and they like warm and humid climate environment. When the temperature in spring is 10-15℃, they will start to germinate and bloom. There are many breeding methods, and seeds are generally used to breed seedlings. Grafting seedlings can also be used.
Processing methods of Xing Hua
Collection and processing
Apricot flower is the flower of Rosaceae plant apricot or mountain apricot. Collect flowers from March to April and dry in the shade.
Xing Hua TCM
The flower of Rosaceae plant apricot or apricot.
Bitter; Warm; Nontoxic.
Return spleen; Kidney channel.
Activating blood and tonifying deficiency.
Main infertility; numbness and pain in the limbs, cold hands and feet.
Treatment of women without children: apricot blossoms, peach blossoms, dry in the shade as the end, take Hejinghua water with a square inch dagger, three times a day. ("Health Easy and Simple Recipe")
Oral administration: decoction, 6-9g.
"Bielu of Famous Doctors": Mainly tonify deficiency, women's injury, cold and heat numbness, Jue Ni.
Xing Hua benefits
Tonify the middle and replenish qi
If there is weakness and fatigue, you can choose dried Xing Hua soaked in water for consumption, which has a good effect. Dried apricot flowers in the spring, fresh apricot flower petals are collected and dried naturally in the sun to obtain dried apricot flowers. Note that they should be stored in a cool place to prevent mold and deterioration.
Soothe the liver and relieve depression
Apricot tea contains a lot of volatile oil substances and aromatic substances. After these two substances enter the human body, they can dissolve the depressed gas that has remained in the body and liver for a long time, thereby soothing the liver and relieving depression.
Reduce the incidence of heart disease
Xing Hua contains many vitamins, especially vitamin E, which can reduce the incidence of heart disease by reducing the cholesterol content that clogs the arteries, and helps to keep high blood pressure normal.
Xing Hua side effects
1. Xing Hua is a medicine for breaking blood. Pregnant women and menorrhagia are not suitable for taking apricot flower wine, nor are they suitable for taking many other apricot flower beauty and skin care prescriptions.
2. If Xing Hua is taken for a long time, it will consume yin blood and original energy, so it is recommended that girls should not take it for a long time, otherwise the menstrual period and endocrine will be affected, and the skin will become darker and yellower.
Xing Hua values
Xing Hua is a famous ornamental tree in China. Its flower color is red and white, with a lot of rouge, and the flowers are beautiful and charming, occupying the spring breeze. Apricots can be planted in front of the courtyard, in the corner of the wall, beside the road, or by the water, or they can be planted in groups or in groups on hillsides and by the water. At the same time, apricot is also a tree species for desert and barren hills.
The common cultivation of apricot for ornamental tree species mainly includes the following types: 1. Weeping apricot f. pendula (Jager) Rehd. Branches drooping. 2. Variety apricot f. variegata (West.) Zabel leaves are spotted.
Xing Hua, also known as "the flower of traditional Chinese medicine", is the flower of angiosperm, Magnolia, Rosaceae, Rosaceae apricot tree. Bitter in taste, warm in nature and non-toxic, it is often used to treat acne and freckles, and has the effect of traditional Chinese medicine for beauty. Apricot flowers are rich in active ingredients such as amygdalin, polyphenols, flavonoids, enzymes, polysaccharides and unsaturated fatty acids.
Xing Hua uses
Apricot blossoms and peach blossoms are dried in the shade as the end, and Hejinghua water is taken with a square inch dagger, three times a day. Treat women without children.
Soak in water
If there is physical weakness and fatigue, you can choose dried Xing Hua soaked in water for consumption, which has a good effect.
Raw materials: Xing Hua 1g, Eucommia 3g, flower tea 3g.
Usage: drink with boiling water. Or use the decoction of Eucommia to brew apricot flower and scented tea for drinking. keep in good health.
Function: expelling rheumatism, strengthening tendons and removing numbness.
Pick the apricot blossoms and put them in a glass bottle, put rock sugar inside, seal the bottle mouth, let the air inside every few days, and it will be made into wine in about a month.
Take an appropriate amount of apricot powder, pour the apricot flower powder into a cup, pour in warm water of about 50 degrees, brew and mix thoroughly, and drink it after the water and powder are mixed, or add a few pieces of rock sugar to taste.
Crush the fresh Xing Hua to get the juice and apply it on the face, massage it gently for a while, or use dried apricot blossom powder, mix it with honey, apply it evenly on the face, and then wash it off. The nutrients in the bouquet can nourish the skin and change the charm of facial cells, so as to achieve the beauty effect of rosy complexion, smooth and smooth skin, and good elasticity.
How to choose Xing Hua?
Flower stem length
The flower stalks of peach blossoms are very short, sometimes even invisible; the flower stalks of plum flowers are longer, generally 2-3 cm; the flower stalks of Xing Hua are also longer, but slightly shorter than plum flowers.
The receptacles of peach blossoms are cup-shaped and relatively thick; the receptacles of plum blossoms and apricot blossoms are both cylindrical, but the tubes of plum blossoms are slender.
The calyxes of peach blossoms and plum flowers hold the petals tightly, while the calyxes of Xing Hua are reversed.
Both peach blossom and Xing Hua have a faint fragrance, while plum blossom has no obvious fragrance.
How to buy Xing Hua?
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