Content1. What is Shan Zha?
1.1 Morphological characteristics of Shan Zha2. Growth environment of Shan Zha
3. Shan Zha benefits
4. Shan Zha TCM
5. Application of Shan Zha
5.1 Shan Zha Pian
5.2 Shan Zha Jiang Zhi Pian
5.3 Shan Zha Tea
5.5 Da Shan Zha Wan6. How to buy Shan Zha?
What is Shan Zha?
is a traditional Chinese medicine
name. It is the dried ripe fruit of Crataegus pin,natiida Bge. var. majorN.E.Br.
or Hawthorn Crataegus pin.nati fida Bge.
of Rosaceae family. The fruits of Shanzha
are harvested in autumn when they are ripe, sliced and dried.Shan Zha in English
is named Hawthorn.
Morphological characteristics of Shan Zha
Deciduous trees of Shanzha, bark rough, dark gray or gray-brown; spines ca. 1-2 cm, sometimes unarmed; branchlets terete, current branches purple-brown, glabrous or subglabrous, sparsely lenticellate, older branches gray-brown; winter buds triangular-ovate, apex rounded-obtuse, glabrous, purple.
The leaf blade of Shan Zha is broadly ovate or triangular-ovate, sparsely rhombic-ovate, 5-10 cm long, 4-7.5 cm wide, shortly acuminate at the apex, truncate to broadly cuneate at the base, usually with 3-5 pinnate deep lobes on each side, lobes ovate-lanceolate or band-shaped, shortly acuminate at the apex, with sharp sparse irregularly biserrate margins, dark green and shiny above, sparsely pubescent along the veins or bearded in the axils of the veins below. Lateral veins 6-10 pairs, some reaching the apex of the lobes, some reaching the splitting of the lobes; petiole 2-6 cm long, glabrous; stipules herbaceous, falcate, margin serrate.
Corymbs of Shan Zha with many flowers, 4-6 cm in diameter, both involucral pedicels and pedicels pilose, deciduous and reduced after flowering, pedicels 4-7 mm long; bracts membranous, linear-lanceolate, ca. 6-8 mm long, apex acuminate, margin with glandular teeth, caducous; flowers ca. 1.5 cm in diameter; calyx tube campanulate, 4-5 mm long, outside densely gray-white pilose; sepals triangular-ovate to lanceolate, apex acuminate, entire, ca. as long as calyx tube, glabrous on both inner and outer surfaces, or bearded on inner surface apically; petals obovate or suborbicular, 7-8 mm long, 5-6 mm wide, white; stamens 20, shorter than petals, anthers pink; styles 3-5, base pilose, stigma capitate.
The fruit of Shan Zha is subglobose or pear-shaped, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, dark red with pale spots; drupes 3-5, slightly ridged on the outside, smooth on both sides of the inner surface; sepals shed very late, leaving a rounded deep depression at the apex. May-June, fr.
Growth environment of Shan Zha
Shanzha is borne on mountain slopes by forests or in bushes. 100-1500 m.
Hawthorn is highly adaptable and likes a cool, moist environment. It is both cold and high-temperature tolerant and can grow between -36 to 43°C. It is light and shade tolerant and is generally found on barren hills, sunny slopes, semi-sunny slopes, and valleys, with a slope of 15 to 25 degrees. It is drought tolerant. When there is too much water, the branches and leaves will easily grow. The soil requirements are not strict, but it grows well in deep, fertile, loose, well-drained, slightly acidic sandy loam soil.
Shan Zha benefits
Shan Zha herb
Strengthening the stomach and eliminating food, resolving turbidity and lowering fat
Shan Zha, which is sour and sweet in taste and slightly warm in nature, belongs to the spleen, stomach, and liver meridians. Hawthorn can be used to treat stagnant meat and abdominal fullness. Hawthorn is a good regulator of hyperlipidemia. Fresh hawthorn berries are often used for people with indigestion and cardiovascular diseases.
Shan Zha TCM
Shan Zha is a round piece, wrinkled and uneven, 1 to 2.5 cm in diameter, 0.2 to 0.4 cm thick. the outer skin is red, and wrinkled, with small grayish-white spots. Flesh dark yellow to light brown. The middle cross-section has 5 light yellow kernels, but the kernels are mostly deciduous and hollow. Some slices have short and thin fruit pedicels or calyx remnants. The smell is slightly fragrant, and the taste is sour and slightly sweet.
Place of origin
In China, Shanzha is mainly produced in Shandong, Henan, Hebei, and Liaoning.
The dried ripe fruit of the plant.
|Pure Hawthorn||Remove impurities and dislodged kernels.
|Stir-fried Hawthorn||Take clean hawthorn and stir-fry according to the method of stir-frying (the method of stir-frying without adding auxiliary ingredients is called the method of stir-frying.) Stir-fry until the color becomes dark.
|Scorched Hawthorn||Take clean hawthorn and fry it according to the method of frying (frying method without adding auxiliary materials is called frying method.) Stir-fry until the surface is charred brown and the interior is yellowish brown.
Application of Shan Zha
Shan Zha Pian
Hawthorn slices, also known as Shan Zha Pian, are made from hawthorn as the main material and refined through multiple processes such as selecting materials, cleaning, steaming, beating, molding, drying, and packaging. It can also be used as medicine. It is classified as the spleen, stomach, and liver meridian, and has the effect of eliminating food and stagnation, activating blood circulation, and dispersing blood stasis.
When it comes to hawthorn, people first think of it as a digestive aid. In fact, Shan Zha has a lot of effects besides digestion. After measuring the antioxidant activity of 30 common fruits in China, the Tianjin Institute of Environmental Medicine concluded that hawthorn is the most effective anti-aging fruit.
Shanzhapian is a kind of casual food, eat before meals for appetite, and eat after meals to eliminate food, but no matter how to eat, do not overdose.
Hawthorn slices are a kind of food made of hawthorn, which has the effect of strengthening the spleen and appetite. The product is round and thin, with bright color, uniform thickness, and moderate crispy texture. It contains about 85% sugar, 9% reducing sugar, and 1.5% total acid. It is also rich in protein, fat, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and vitamin C. After eating, it has effects on appetite, digestion, blood pressure, and blood fat.
Shan Zha Jiang Zhi Pian
Shan Zha Jiang Zhi Wan
Shan Zha Jiang Zhi Pian is composed of hawthorn extract. It is used to lower blood lipids and is used to treat hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, and hypertension.
Shan Zha Tea
Shan Zha tea is a healthcare tea therapy. It eliminates food and strengthens the stomach, moves Qi and disperses stasis, and has the effect of dilating coronary arteries, and diastolic blood vessels, lowering lipids and blood pressure to strengthen the heart.
Shan Zha tea benefits
Shan Zha tea helps to eliminate food and stagnation. the lipolytic enzymes contained in Shan Zha can promote the digestion of fatty foods. Promotes gastric juice secretion and increases enzymes in the stomach, among other functions.
Shanzhatea helps to eliminate food and stagnation, soften hardness and eliminate stagnation. When cooking old chicken hard meat, adding a few hawthorns is easy to rot, which means it has the function of eliminating stagnant meat and food.
Drinking Shanzha tea regularly helps to enhance appetite, improve sleep, maintain constant calcium in bone and blood, and prevent atherosclerosis. It is especially effective for the elderly.
Hawthopower also means Shan Zha power.
Hawthorn powder is a kind of healthy food that can be eaten directly. Although it tastes sour, it is also suitable for eating directly. When you need to eat hawthorn powder, you can put it directly in your mouth and drink the right amount of warm water to eat it directly, or you can put it in white porridge, mix it well and put the right amount of sugar to season it before eating it.
Shanzha powder can also be used to drink water. When drinking water with hawthorn powder, you can also take 10-20 grams of hawthorn powder in a clean glass and mix it with boiling water at 90 degrees or higher. When the temperature of the water drops to about 60 degrees, then take the right amount of honey and put it inside to taste, and then you can drink it directly after the adjustment so that the body can absorb and use the hawthorn powder and effective nutrition as soon as possible.
Da Shan Zha Wan
Fu Fang Shan Zha Wan
Da Shan Zha Wan has the effect of appetizing and eliminating food. It is mainly used for the treatment of loss of appetite and indigestion caused by internal stagnation of food. When taking Dashanzhawan, you should pay attention to a light diet, avoid drinking alcohol, and eat spicy, cold, greasy food.
Shan Zha side effects
Generally, there are no side effects when Shan Zha is consumed properly, but if you eat too much hawthorn, it may cause an increase in stomach acid and lead to a rise in blood sugar.
Hawthorn is rich in vitamins and trace elements, so it is good for human health to eat it properly. However, hawthorn is rich in fruit acids, organic acids, and hawthorn acids. If eaten in large quantities, hawthorn can easily stimulate the secretion of stomach acids, which can lead to acid reflux and abdominal discomfort, and is not good for patients with stomach ulcers.
Hawthorn also contains high sugar content, and if often eaten in large quantities, can lead to increased blood sugar levels in the body, especially diabetic patients who eat hawthorn must control the amount, so as not to help control blood sugar.
You need to control the amount of whatever you eat in your daily life, not eat too much, ensure a balanced diet, and not be picky about what you eat.
How to buy Shan Zha?
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